The apostle having made mention of Melchizedek in the latter part of
the preceding chapter, proceeds in this to give some account of him,
and of the excellency of his priesthood, and to show that Christ is a
priest of his order, and is superior to Aaron and his sons. He first
declares what Melchizedek was, that he was both king and priest; he
names the place he was king of, and tells whose priest he was, even
the priest of the most high God; and goes on to observe what he did,
that he met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, that
he blessed him, and took tithes of him, \\#Heb 7:1,2\\ and then
interprets his name, and royal title, the one signifying king of
righteousness, the other king of peace; that for anything that can
be learned from the Scriptures, it is not known who was his father or
his mother; what his lineage and descent; when he was born, or when
he died; and that he is like to the Son of God, and continues a
priest, \\#Heb 7:2,3\\ upon which the apostle calls upon the Hebrews
to consider the greatness of his person; and as it appears from that
single instance of his receiving tithes from the patriarch Abraham,
\\#Heb 7:4\\ by which it is evident, that he is greater than the
Levites; and which is demonstrated in the following particulars: the
Levites received tithes of their brethren that came out of Abraham's
loins, as they did, but Melchizedek, whose descent was not from them,
received tithes from Abraham himself, and besides blessed him; and it
is a clear case, that the lesser is blessed of the greater,
\\#Heb 7:5-7\\ the Levites were mortal men that received tithes, but a
testimony is bore to Melchizedek, that he lives, \\#Heb 6:8\\ yea,
Levi himself paid tithes to Melchizedek, since he was in the loins of
his father Abraham when Melchizedek met him, and took tithes of him;
and therefore must be greater than Levi, \\#Heb 7:9,10\\. And next
the apostle proves the imperfection of the Levitical priesthood from
this consideration, that there is another priest risen up, not of the
order of Aaron, but of the order of Melchizedek, of which there would
have been no need, if the Levitical priesthood had been perfect; nor
would it have been changed, as it is, and which has also made a
change of the law, by which it is established, necessary,
\\#Heb 7:11,12\\ that the priest that is risen up is not of the order of
Aaron, is clear, because he is of another tribe, even of the tribe of
Judah, to which the priesthood did not belong, \\#Heb 7:13,14\\, and
that he is of the order of Melchizedek, and so not according to the
ceremonial law, but after the power of an endless life, is manifest
from the testimony of the sacred Scripture, \\#Heb 7:15-17\\
which lies in \\#Ps 110:4\\ and that the ceremonial law, on which the
Levitical priesthood stood, is changed and abrogated, is strongly
asserted, and the reasons of it given, because it was weak and
unprofitable, and made nothing perfect; and this was disannulled by
Christ, the better hope brought in, who has made something perfect,
and through whom we have access to God, \\#Heb 7:18,19\\. Moreover,
the superior excellency of Christ's priesthood to the Levitical one
is shown in several particulars; the priests of Aaron's order were
made without an oath; Christ was made with one, as is evident from
the above cited testimony, \\#Heb 7:20-22\\ they were many, he
but one; they were mortal, and did not continue, he continues ever,
having an unchangeable priesthood, \\#Heb 7:23,24\\ wherefore, as
they were not suffered to continue by reason of death, their
priesthood was ineffectual; they could not take away sin, and save
sinners; but Christ is able to save to the uttermost all that draw
nigh to God by him, as a priest, and that because he ever lives to
complete his office by intercession, \\#Heb 7:25\\ wherefore such an
high priest as he is, must become men, and be suitable to them,
especially since he is pure and holy, and in such an exalted state,
\\#Heb 7:26\\ and this is another difference between him and the
priests under the law; they were men that had infirmity, and were
guilty of sins themselves, and so had need to offer for their own
sins, and then for the sins of others; but Christ, the Son of God,
who was consecrated a priest for evermore, by the word of the oath,
had no sin of his own to offer sacrifice for, only the sins of his
people, which he did once, when he offered himself, \\#Heb 7:27,28\\.