Numbers 13:2

Numbers 13:2

Send thou men
Which is rather a permission than a command; so Jarchi interprets it,

``send men according to thy mind, I do not command thee, but if thou pleasest send;''

this he observed was agreeable to Moses, and to the Israelites, and therefore granted it, or allowed them to take their own way, and which issued badly, as it always does, when men are left to their own counsel:

that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the
children of Israel;
called the land of Canaan, though it consisted of seven nations, from the principal of them; this God had given in promise to the children of Israel, and had now brought them to the borders of it; nay, had given them orders to go up and possess it; but they were for searching it first, to know what sort of a land it was, and which was the best way of entering into it, which is here permitted them, see ( Deuteronomy 1:21 Deuteronomy 1:22 ) ;

of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man;
excepting the tribe of Levi; the reason of which was because they were to have no inheritance in the land, ( Deuteronomy 10:9 ) ( Deuteronomy 18:1 Deuteronomy 18:2 ) ; but then, to make up the number twelve, the two sons of Joseph, Ephraim and Manasseh, are reckoned as two tribes:

everyone a ruler among them;
a prince in his tribe; so were men of honour and credit, of power and authority, of prudence and probity, and who might be trusted with such an affair, and their report believed: they were not indeed princes of the highest rank, not the same that assisted in taking the numbers of the people, who were captains over their several tribes, as in ( Numbers 1:4-16 ) ( 2:2-31 ) but were inferior princes and rulers, perhaps rulers of thousands.