The Letter to Thyatira
Meaningodor of affliction, continual sacrifice1 , feminine oppression2
Titles And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write, ‘These things says the Son of God, who has eyes like a flame of fire, and His feet like fine brass:’ (Rev. Rev. 2:18+)
Commendation I know your works, love, service, faith, and your patience; and as for your works, the last are more than the first (Rev. Rev. 2:19+).
Criticism Nevertheless I have a few things against you, because you allow that woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess, to teach and seduce My servants to commit sexual immorality and eat things sacrificed to idols. And I gave her time to repent of her sexual immorality, and she did not repent (Rev. Rev. 2:20-21+).
Exhortation Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of their deeds. I will kill her children with death, and all the churches shall know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts. And I will give to each one of you according to your works. Now to you I say, and to the rest in Thyatira, as many as do not have this doctrine, who have not known the depths of Satan, as they say, I will put on you no other burden. But hold fast what you have till I come (Rev. Rev. 2:22-25+).
Promises And he who overcomes, and keeps My works until the end, to him I will give power over the nations— ‘He shall rule them with a rod of iron; They shall be dashed to pieces like the potter’s vessels’ —as I also have received from My Father; and I will give him the morning star (Rev. Rev. 2:26-28+).
Commentary Revelation 2:18


1 J. Dwight Pentecost, Things to Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1958), 152.

2 “If we take it as a compound of θυγατης [thygatēs] and τειρω [teirō] , we get the idea of feminine oppression. The false prophets who first enticed the members of this church into apostasy were women.”—J. A. Seiss, The Apocalypse: Lectures on the Book of Revelation (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1966), 71.