James 1:12

Endureth (upomenei). Present active indicative of upomenw. Cf. verse Luke 3 . Temptation (peirasmon). Real temptation here. See verse Luke 2 for "trials." When he hath been approved (dokimo genomeno). "Having become approved," with direct reference to to dokimion in verse Luke 3 . See also Romans 5:4 for dokimh (approval after test as of gold or silver). This beatitude (makario) is for the one who has come out unscathed. See 1 Timothy 6:9 . The crown of life (ton stepanon th zwh). The same phrase occurs in Revelation 2:10 . It is the genitive of apposition, life itself being the crown as in 1 Peter 5:4 . This crown is "an honourable ornament" (Ropes), with possibly no reference to the victor's crown (garland of leaves) as with Paul in 1 Corinthians 9:25 ; 2 Timothy 4:8 , nor to the linen fillet (diadhma) of royalty ( Psalms 21:3 , where stepano is used like diadhma, the kingly crown). Stepano has a variety of uses. Cf. the thorn chaplet on Jesus ( Matthew 27:29 ). The Lord. Not in the oldest Greek MSS., but clearly implied as the subject of ephggeilato (he promised, first aorist middle indicative).