But this cometh to pass (all). Ellipsis in the Greek (no verb), as in 1 Thessalonians 9:3 ; 1 Thessalonians 13:18 . In their law (en twi nomwi autwn). Cf. 1 Thessalonians 8:17 ; 1 Thessalonians 10:34 for this standpoint. "Law" (nomo) here is for the whole of Scripture as in 1 Thessalonians 12:34 . The allusion is to Psalms 69:4 (or Psalms 35:19 ). The hatred of the Jews toward Jesus the promised Messiah ( 1:11 ) is "part of the mysterious purpose of God" (Bernard) as shown by ina plhrwqh (first aorist passive subjunctive of plhrow, to fulfil). Without a cause (dwrean). Adverbial accusative of dwrea from didwmi, gratuitously, then unnecessarily or gratis (in two Koin tablets, Nageli) as here and Galatians 2:21 .