30:1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.
30:5 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.
Altar of incense, type of Christ our intercessor John 17:1-26 ; Hebrews 7:25 through whom our own prayers and praises ascend to God ; Hebrews 13:15 ; Revelation 8:3 Revelation 8:4 and of the believer-priest's sacrifice of praise and worship Hebrews 13:15 .
30:9 Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.
30:10 And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.
(Cf.) Leviticus 10:1-3, two prohibitions are given concerning worship:
(1) No "strange" incense is to be offered. This speaks of simulated or purely formal worship.
(2) No "strange" fire was permitted. This refers to the excitation of "religious" feelings by merely sensuous means, and to the substitution for devotion to Christ of any other devotion, as to religious causes, or sects. (Cf) 1 Corinthians 1:11-13 ; Colossians 2:8 Colossians 2:16-19 . (See Scofield "Exodus 30:38") .
30:13 This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.
(See Scofield "Exodus 29:33") .
30:18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
This they shall give
30:31 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.
Laver, type of Christ cleansing us from defilement, and from "every spot or wrinkle or any such thing" John 13:2-10 ; Ephesians 5:25-27 . It is significant that the priests could not enter the holy place after serving at the brazen altar till hands and feet were cleansed.
30:34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight:
Anointing oil, type of the Holy Spirit for service Acts 1:8 .
30:38 Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.
Frankincense is not to be confounded with incense (to which it was to be added), as it is often used apart from incense. We are told what composed the incense--never in Scripture what the frankincense was. All speaks of Christ--the sweet spices of those perfections which we may apprehend, the frankincense of that which God saw in Jesus ineffable.