Numbers 26:2

Overview - Numbers 26
The sum of all Israel is taken in the plains of Moab.
52 The law of dividing among them the inheritance of the land.
57 The families and number of the Levites.
63 None was left of them which were numbered at Sinai, but Caleb and Joshua.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 26:2  (King James Version)
Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, throughout their fathers' house, all that are able to go to war in Israel.

The plague having swept away the last of that devoted generation, which provoked the Lord to "swear in his wrath that they should not enter" Canaan; he now, after an interval of 38 years, commands another census of the Israelites to be made, to preserve the distinction of families, and to regulate the tribes previous to their entry into the promised land, as well as to ascertain the proportion of land which should be allotted to each tribe. For, though the whole was divided by lot, yet the portions were so disposed, that a numerous tribe did not draw where the lots assigned small inheritances, or the contrary.
Numbers 1:2 Numbers 1:3 Exodus 30:12 ; Exodus 38:25 Exodus 38:26