Psalms 21

The King's Victory

1

For the choir director. A Davidic psalm.

1 Lord, the king finds joy in Your strength. How greatly he rejoices in Your victory!
2 You have given him his heart's desire and have not denied the request of his lips. Selah
3 For You meet him with rich blessings; You place a crown of pure gold on his head.
4 He asked You for life, and You gave it to him- length of days forever and ever.
5 His glory is great through Your victory; You confer majesty and splendor on him.
6 You give him blessings forever; You cheer him with joy in Your presence.
7 For the king relies on the Lord; through the faithful love of the Most High he is not shaken.
8 Your hand will capture all your enemies; your right hand will seize those who hate you.
9 You will make them [burn] like a fiery furnace when you appear; the Lord will engulf them in His wrath, and fire will devour them.
10 You will wipe their descendants from the earth and their offspring from the human race.
11 Though they intend to harm[a] you and devise a wicked plan, they will not prevail.
12 Instead, you will put them to flight when you aim your bow[b] at their faces.
13 Be exalted, Lord, in Your strength; we will sing and praise Your might.

Psalms 21 Commentary

Chapter 21

Thanksgiving for victory. (1-6) Confidence of further success. (7-13)

Verses 1-6 Happy the people whose king makes God's strength his confidence, and God's salvation his joy; who is pleased with all the advancements of God kingdom, and trusts God to support him in all he does for the service of it. All our blessings are blessings of goodness, and are owing, not to any merit of ours, but only to God's goodness. But when God's blessings come sooner, and prove richer than we imagine; when they are given before we prayed for them, before we were ready for them, nay, when we feared the contrary; then it may be truly said that he prevented, or went before us, with them. Nothing indeed prevented, or went before Christ, but to mankind never was any favour more preventing than our redemption by Christ. Thou hast made him to be a universal, everlasting blessing to the world, in whom the families of the earth are, and shall be blessed; and so thou hast made him exceeding glad with the countenance thou hast given to his undertaking, and to him in the prosecution of it. The Spirit of prophecy rises from what related to the king, to that which is peculiar to Christ; none other is blessed for ever, much less a blessing for ever.

Verses 7-13 The psalmist teaches to look forward with faith, and hope, and prayer upon what God would further do. The success with which God blessed David, was a type of the total overthrow of all Christ's enemies. Those who might have had Christ to rule and save them, but rejected him and fought against him, shall find the remembrance of it a worm that dies not. God makes sinners willing by his grace, receives them to his favour, and delivers them from the wrath to come. May he exalt himself, by his all-powerful grace, in our hearts, destroying all the strong-holds of sin and Satan. How great should be our joy and praise to behold our Brother and Friend upon the throne, and for all the blessings we may expect from him! yet he delights in his exalted state, as enabling him to confer happiness and glory on poor sinners, who are taught to love and trust in him.

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Lit they stretch out evil against
  • [b]. Lit aim with your bowstrings

Chapter Summary

Psalms 21 Commentaries