mer-a-tha'-im (merathayim "double rebellion"):

A name used for Babylon in Jeremiah 50:21. According to Delitzsch it may be equivalent to the Babylonian Marratun, i.e. land by the nar Marratu, "the bitter river" (Persian Gulf) = Southern Babylonia (OHL, under the word).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'MERATHAIM'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.