2 Chronicles 30

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Passover Celebrated

1 Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the LORD at Jerusalem to keep the Passover to the LORD, the God of Israel.
2 For the king and his princes and all the assembly in Jerusalem had taken counsel to keep the Passover 1in the second month--
3 for they could not keep it 2at that time 3because the priests had not consecrated themselves in sufficient number, nor had the people assembled in Jerusalem--
4 and the plan seemed right to the king and all the assembly.
5 So they decreed to make a proclamation throughout all Israel, 4from Beersheba to Dan, that the people should come and keep the Passover to the LORD, the God of Israel, at Jerusalem, for they had not kept it as often as prescribed.
6 5So couriers went throughout all Israel and Judah with letters from the king and his princes, as the king had commanded, saying, "O people of Israel, 6return to the LORD, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that he may turn again to the remnant of you who have escaped from the hand of 7the kings of Assyria.
7 8Do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who were faithless to the LORD God of their fathers, so that he made them a desolation, as you see.
8 9Do not now be stiff-necked as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to the LORD and come to his sanctuary, which he has consecrated forever, and serve the LORD your God, 10that his fierce anger may turn away from you.
9 For 11if you return to the LORD, your brothers and your children 12will find compassion with their captors and return to this land. For 13the LORD your God is gracious and merciful and will not turn away his face from you, 14if you return to him."
10 15So the couriers went from city to city through the country of 16Ephraim and Manasseh, and as far as Zebulun, but 17they laughed them to scorn and mocked them.
11 However, 18some men of Asher, of Manasseh, and of Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem.
12 The hand of God was also on Judah to give them one heart to do what the king and the princes commanded 19by the word of the LORD.
13 And many people came together in Jerusalem to keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread 20in the second month, a very great assembly.
14 They set to work and removed 21the altars that were in Jerusalem, and all the altars for burning incense they took away 22and threw into the Kidron Valley.
15 23And they slaughtered the Passover lamb on the fourteenth day of the second month. 24And the priests and the Levites were ashamed, 25so that they consecrated themselves and brought burnt offerings into the house of the LORD.
16 26They took their accustomed posts according to the Law of Moses 27the man of God. The priests threw the blood that they received from the hand of the Levites.
17 For there were many in the assembly who had not consecrated themselves. Therefore the Levites had to slaughter the Passover lamb for everyone who was not clean, to consecrate it to the LORD.
18 For a majority of the people, 28many of them from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise 29than as prescribed. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, "May the good LORD pardon everyone
19 30who sets his heart to seek God, the LORD, the God of his fathers, even though not according to the sanctuary's rules of cleanness."[a]
20 And the LORD heard Hezekiah and healed the people.
21 And the people of Israel who were present at Jerusalem kept 31the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with great gladness, and the Levites and the priests praised the LORD day by day, singing with all their might[b] to the LORD.
22 And Hezekiah spoke 32encouragingly to all the Levites who showed good skill in the service of the LORD. So they ate the food of the festival for seven days, sacrificing 33peace offerings and giving thanks to the LORD, the God of their fathers.
23 Then the whole assembly agreed together to keep the feast 34for another seven days. So they kept it for another seven days with gladness.
24 For Hezekiah king of Judah 35gave the assembly 1,000 bulls and 7,000 sheep for offerings, and the princes gave the assembly 1,000 bulls and 10,000 sheep. And the priests 36consecrated themselves in great numbers.
25 The whole assembly of Judah, and the priests and the Levites, 37and the whole assembly that came out of Israel, and the sojourners who came out of the land of Israel, and the sojourners who lived in Judah, rejoiced.
26 So there was great joy in Jerusalem, for 38since the time of Solomon the son of David king of Israel there had been nothing like this in Jerusalem.
27 Then 39the priests and the Levites arose and 40blessed the people, and their voice was heard, and their prayer came to 41his holy habitation in heaven.

2 Chronicles 30 Commentary

Chapter 30

Hezekiah's passover. (1-12) The passover celebrated. (13-20) The feast of unleavened bread. (21-27)

Verses 1-12 Hezekiah made Israel as welcome to the passover, as any of his own subjects. Let us yield ourselves unto the Lord. Say not, you will do what you please, but resolve to do what he pleases. We perceive in the carnal mind a stiffness, an obstinacy, an unaptness to compel with God; we have it from our fathers: this must be overcome. Those who, through grace, have turned to God themselves, should do all they can to bring others to him. Numbers will be scorners, but some will be humbled and benefited; perhaps where least expected. The rich mercy of God is the great argument by which to enforce repentance; the vilest who submit and yield themselves to the Lord, seek his grace, and give themselves to his service, shall certainly be saved. Oh that messengers were sent forth to carry these glad tidings to every city and every village, through every land!

Verses 13-20 The great thing needful in attendance upon God in solemn ordinances, is, that we make heart-work of it; all is nothing without this. Where this sincerity and fixedness of heart are, there may yet be many things short of the purification of the sanctuary. These defects need pardoning, healing grace; for omissions in duty are sins, as well as omissions of duty. If God should deal with us in strict justice, even as to the very best of our doings, we should be undone. The way to obtain pardon, is to seek it of God by prayer; it must be gotten by petition through the blood of Christ. Yet every defect is sin, and needs forgiveness; and should be matter to humble, but not to discourage us, though nothing can make up for the want of a heart prepared to seek the Lord.

Verses 21-27 Many prayers were put up to God with the peace-offerings. In these Israel looked to God as the God of their fathers, a God in covenant with them. There was also abundance of good preaching. The Levites read and explained the Scriptures. Faith cometh by hearing, and true religion preaching has abounded. They sang psalms every day: praising God should be much of our work in religious assemblies. Having kept the seven days of the feast in this religious manner, they had so much comfort in it, that they kept other seven days also. This they did with gladness. Holy duties should be done with holy gladness. And when sinners humble themselves before the Lord, they may expect gladness in his ordinances. Those who taste this happiness will not soon grow weary of it, but will be glad to prolong their enjoyment.

Cross References 41

  • 1. ver. 13, 15; Numbers 9:10, 11
  • 2. [2 Chronicles 29:17; Exodus 12:6, 18]
  • 3. 2 Chronicles 29:34; [ver. 24]
  • 4. See 2 Samuel 3:10
  • 5. [Esther 3:13, 15; Esther 8:10, 14; Jeremiah 51:31]
  • 6. Jeremiah 4:1; Joel 2:12, 13
  • 7. 2 Kings 15:19, 29
  • 8. [Ezekiel 20:18]
  • 9. Exodus 32:9; Deuteronomy 9:6; Deuteronomy 10:16; 2 Kings 17:14; Nehemiah 9:16, 29; Jeremiah 7:26; Jeremiah 17:23; [Acts 7:51]
  • 10. 2 Chronicles 29:10
  • 11. [See ver. 6 above]
  • 12. [Psalms 106:46]
  • 13. Exodus 34:6; Daniel 9:9
  • 14. See 1 Samuel 7:3
  • 15. [See ver. 6 above]
  • 16. ver. 1
  • 17. [2 Chronicles 36:16]
  • 18. ver. 18, 21, 25
  • 19. [2 Chronicles 29:15]
  • 20. ver. 2
  • 21. 2 Chronicles 28:24
  • 22. [2 Chronicles 15:16; 2 Kings 23:6]
  • 23. 2 Chronicles 35:11
  • 24. [2 Chronicles 29:34]
  • 25. [Ezra 6:20]
  • 26. 2 Chronicles 35:10
  • 27. Deuteronomy 33:1
  • 28. ver. 11, 25
  • 29. See Exodus 12:43-49
  • 30. 2 Chronicles 19:3
  • 31. Exodus 12:15; Exodus 13:6; Ezra 6:22
  • 32. 2 Chronicles 32:6; Isaiah 40:2
  • 33. [Leviticus 5]
  • 34. [1 Kings 8:65]
  • 35. [2 Chronicles 35:7-9]
  • 36. ver. 3; 2 Chronicles 29:34
  • 37. ver. 11, 18
  • 38. See 2 Chronicles 7:8-10
  • 39. 2 Chronicles 5:5; 2 Chronicles 23:18
  • 40. See Numbers 6:23-27
  • 41. Deuteronomy 26:15; Psalms 68:5

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Hebrew not according to the cleanness of holiness
  • [b]. Compare 1 Chronicles 13:8; Hebrew with instruments of might

Chapter Summary


Hezekiah having consulted his nobles about keeping the passover the second month, and determined upon it, sent messengers throughout Israel and Judah, to acquaint them with it, at which some mocked, and others seriously attended to it, 2Ch 30:1-12 so it was celebrated in a solemn manner, though some were not qualified for it according to the law, and for whose pardon Hezekiah prayed, and it was granted, 2Ch 30:13-20, also the feast of unleavened bread was kept seven days, and a festival of seven days more was likewise observed with great joy and gladness, 2Ch 30:21-27.

messengers to them, not only to the subjects of his own kingdom, Judah, but to all the Israelites that dwelt in it, who were come thither for the sake of religion, and the worship of God:

\\and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh\\; which are put for all the ten tribes, as appears from 2Ch 30:10,11 and are distinguished from Israel in the preceding clause:

\\that they should come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem\\; not that he laid his commands upon them to come, they not being his subjects, namely, those of the ten tribes; but he hereby admonished them of their duty, and gave them a kind invitation, signifying the doors of the temple were open for them, and they were welcome to come thither:

\\to keep the passover unto the Lord God of Israel\\; to the glory of his name, who was the common Lord of them all, and whose command it was to keep the passover, and that at Jerusalem, and nowhere else, see De 16:1-6. 19787-950128-1141-2Ch30.2

2 Chronicles 30 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.