2 Chronicles 9

Listen to 2 Chronicles 9

The Queen of Sheba

1 1Now when 2the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to Jerusalem to test him with hard questions, having a very great retinue and camels bearing spices and very much gold and precious stones. And when she came to Solomon, she told him all that was on her mind.
2 And Solomon answered all her questions. There was nothing hidden from Solomon that he could not explain to her.
3 And when 3the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, the house that he had built,
4 the food of his table, the seating of his officials, and the attendance of his servants, and their clothing, his cupbearers, and their clothing, and his burnt offerings that he offered at the house of the LORD, there was no more breath in her.
5 And she said to the king, "The report was true that I heard in my own land of your words and of your wisdom,
6 but I did not believe the[a] reports until I came and my own eyes had seen it. And behold, half the greatness of your wisdom was not told me; you surpass the report that I heard.
7 Happy are your wives![b] Happy are these your servants, who continually stand before you and hear your wisdom!
8 Blessed be the LORD your God, who has delighted in you 4and set you on his throne as king for the LORD your God! 5Because your God loved Israel and would establish them forever, he has made you king over them, that you may execute justice and righteousness."
9 Then she gave the king 120 talents[c] of gold, and a very great quantity of spices, and precious stones. There were no spices such as those that the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
10 Moreover, the servants of Hiram and the servants of Solomon, 6who brought gold from Ophir, brought algum wood and precious stones.
11 And the king made from the algum wood 7supports for the house of the LORD and for the king's house, lyres also and harps for the singers. There never was seen the like of them before in the land of Judah.
12 And King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all that she desired, whatever she asked 8besides what she had brought to the king. So she turned and went back to her own land with her servants.

Solomon's Wealth

13 9Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was 666 talents of gold,
14 besides that which the explorers and merchants brought. 10And all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the land brought gold and silver to Solomon.
15 King Solomon made 200 large shields of beaten gold; 600 shekels[d] of beaten gold went into each shield.
16 And he made 300 shields of beaten gold; shekels of gold went into each shield; and the king put them in the House of the Forest of Lebanon.
17 The king also made a great ivory throne and overlaid it with pure gold.
18 The throne had six steps and a footstool of gold, which were attached to the throne, and on each side of the seat were armrests and two lions standing beside the armrests,
19 while twelve lions stood there, one on each end of a step on the six steps. Nothing like it was ever made for any kingdom.
20 All King Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the House of the Forest of Lebanon were of pure gold. Silver was not considered as anything in the days of Solomon.
21 For the king's ships went to 11Tarshish with the servants of Hiram. Once every three years the ships of Tarshish used to come bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.[e]
22 Thus King Solomon 12excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.
23 And all the kings of the earth sought the presence of Solomon to hear his wisdom, which God had put into his mind.
24 Every one of them brought his present, articles of silver and of gold, garments, myrrh, spices, horses, and mules, so much year by year.
25 And Solomon had 13 4,000 stalls for horses and chariots, and 12,000 horsemen, whom he stationed in the chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem.
26 14And he ruled over all the kings 15from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt.
27 16And the king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stone, and he made cedar as plentiful as the sycamore of the Shephelah.
28 17And horses were imported for Solomon from Egypt and from all lands.

Solomon's Death

29 18Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, from 19first to last, are they not written in the history of 20Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of 21Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of 22Iddo 23the seer concerning Jeroboam the son of Nebat?
30 Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years.
31 And Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried in 24the city of David his father, and Rehoboam his son reigned in his place.

2 Chronicles 9 Commentary

Chapter 9

The queen of Sheba. (1-12) Solomon's riches, and his death. (13-31)

Verses 1-12 ( 1 Kings 10 ) our Saviour has proposed it as an example in seeking after him, ( Matthew 12:42 ) , we must not pass it over without observing, that those who know the worth of true wisdom will grudge no pains or cost to obtain it. The queen of Sheba put herself to a great deal of trouble and expense to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and yet, learning from him to serve God, and do her duty, she thought herself well paid for her pains. Heavenly wisdom is that pearl of great price, for which, if we part with all, we make a good bargain.

Verses 13-31 The imports here mentioned, would show that prosperity drew the minds of Solomon and his subjects to the love of things curious and uncommon, though useless in themselves. True wisdom and happiness are always united together; but no such alliance exists between wealth and the enjoyment of the things of this life. Let us then acquaint ourselves with the Saviour, that we may find rest for our souls. Here is Solomon reigning in wealth and power, in ease and fulness, the like of which could never since be found; for the most known of the great princes of the earth were famed for their wars; whereas Solomon reigned forty years in profound peace. The promise was fulfilled, that God would give him riches and honour, such as no kings have had or shall have. The lustre wherein he appeared, was typical of the spiritual glory of the kingdom of the Messiah, and but a faint representation of His throne, which is above every throne. Here is Solomon dying, and leaving all his wealth and power to one who he knew would be a fool! ( ecclesiastes 2:18 ecclesiastes 2:19 ) . This was not only vanity, but vexation of spirit. Neither power, wealth, nor wisdom, can ward off or prepare for the stroke of death. But thanks be to God who giveth the victory to the true believer, even over this dreaded enemy, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Cross References 25

  • 1. For ver. 1-12, see 1 Kings 10:1-13
  • 2. [Matthew 12:42; Luke 11:31]
  • 3. [See ver. 1 above]
  • 4. 1 Chronicles 29:23
  • 5. 2 Chronicles 2:11
  • 6. 2 Chronicles 8:18
  • 7. [1 Kings 10:12]
  • 8. [1 Kings 10:13]
  • 9. For ver. 13-28, see 1 Kings 10:14-28
  • 10. Psalms 68:29; Psalms 72:10
  • 11. [1 Kings 10:17]
  • 12. 2 Chronicles 20:36, 37
  • 13. 1 Kings 3:13
  • 14. [2 Chronicles 1:14; 1 Kings 4:26; 1 Kings 10:26]
  • 15. 1 Kings 4:21
  • 16. Genesis 15:18; Exodus 23:31; Psalms 72:8
  • 17. 2 Chronicles 1:15
  • 18. 2 Chronicles 1:16
  • 19. For ver. 29-31, see 1 Kings 11:41-43
  • 20. 1 Chronicles 29:29
  • 21. 2 Samuel 12:1
  • 22. 1 Kings 11:29
  • 23. 2 Chronicles 12:15; 2 Chronicles 13:22
  • 24. 2 Samuel 24:11; See 1 Samuel 9:9
  • 25. [1 Kings 2:10]

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. Hebrew their
  • [b]. Septuagint (compare 1 Kings 10:8); Hebrew men
  • [c]. A talent was about 75 pounds or 34 kilograms
  • [d]. A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
  • [e]. Or baboons

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 9 & 10

The ninth chapter is the same with 1Ki 10:1-29 excepting 2Ch 9:26, which agrees with 1Ki 4:21,29-31, the same with 1Ki 11:41-43, only in 2Ch 9:29 it is more largely expressed that the acts of Solomon's reign were written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer, against Jeroboam the son of Nebat; or rather "concerning Jeroboam", as the Septuagint and some other versions {b}, in which Iddo is called Joel; and by Theodoret said to be the same that prophesied of Jeroboam and his altar, \\see Gill on "1Ki 13:1"\\; the books mentioned are since lost.

{b} le peri Sept. de, Junius & Tremellias, Piscator. 19324-950110-2138-2Ch9.2

2 Chronicles 9 Commentaries