2 Kings 24

Listen to 2 Kings 24
1 1In his days, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him.
2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the 2Chaldeans and 3bands of the Syrians and bands of the Moabites and bands of the Ammonites, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, 4according to the word of the LORD that he spoke by his servants the prophets.
3 Surely this came upon Judah at the command of the LORD, to remove them out of his sight, 5for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done,
4 and also 6for the innocent blood that he had shed. For he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, and the LORD would not pardon.
5 7Now the rest of the deeds of Jehoiakim and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?
6 So Jehoiakim 8slept with his fathers, and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.
7 9And the king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, 10for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt 11from the Brook of Egypt to the river Euphrates.

Jehoiachin Reigns in Judah

8 12Jehoiachin was 13eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
9 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, 14according to all that his father had done.

Jerusalem Captured

10 At that time the servants of 15Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up to Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.
11 And 16Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to the city while his servants were besieging it,
12 17and Jehoiachin the king of Judah gave himself up to the king of Babylon, himself and his mother and his servants and his officials and his palace officials. 18The king of Babylon took him prisoner 19in the eighth year of his reign
13 and carried off all the treasures of the house of the LORD 20and the treasures of the king's house, 21and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold in the temple of the LORD, 22which Solomon king of Israel had made, 23as the LORD had foretold.
14 24He carried away all Jerusalem and all the officials and all the mighty men of valor, 25 10,000 captives, 26and all the craftsmen and the smiths. None remained, 27except the poorest people of the land.
15 28And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon. The king's mother, the king's wives, his officials, and the chief men of the land he took into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.
16 And the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon all the men of valor, 29 7,000, and the craftsmen and the metal workers, 1,000, all of them strong and fit for war.
17 30And the king of Babylon 31made Mattaniah, 32Jehoiachin's uncle, king in his place, 33and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Zedekiah Reigns in Judah

18 34Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was 35Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
19 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, 36according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
20 For because of the anger of the LORD it came to the point in Jerusalem and Judah that he cast them out from his presence. 37And Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

2 Kings 24 Commentary

Chapter 24

Jehoiakim subdued by Nebuchadnezzar. (1-7) Jehoiachim captive in Babylon. (8-20)

Verses 1-7 If Jehoiakim had served the Lord, he had not been servant to Nebuchadnezzar. If he had been content with his servitude, and true to his word, his condition had been no worse; but, rebelling against Babylon, he plunged himself into more trouble. See what need nations have to lament the sins of their fathers, lest they smart for them. Threatenings will be fulfilled as certainly as promises, if the sinner's repentance prevent not.

Verses 8-20 Jehoiachin reigned but three months, yet long enough to show that he justly smarted for his fathers' sins, for he trod in their steps. His uncle was intrusted with the government. This Zedekiah was the last of the kings of Judah. Though the judgments of God upon the three kings before him might have warned him, he did that which was evil, like them. When those intrusted with the counsels of a nation act unwisely, and against their true interest, we ought to notice the displeasure of God in it. It is for the sins of a people that God hides from them the things that belong to the public peace. And in fulfilling the secret purposes of his justice, the Lord needs only leave men to the blindness of their own minds, or to the lusts of their own hearts. The gradual approach of Divine judgments affords sinners space for repentance, and believers leisure to prepare for meeting the calamity, while it shows the obstinacy of those who will not forsake their sins.

Cross References 37

  • 1. 2 Chronicles 36:6; Jeremiah 25:1, 9; Daniel 1:1
  • 2. 2 Kings 25:4; Jeremiah 32:28, 29; Jeremiah 35:11; [Ezekiel 19:8]
  • 3. Jeremiah 35:11
  • 4. 2 Kings 20:17; 2 Kings 21:12-14; 2 Kings 23:27
  • 5. 2 Kings 21:11; 2 Kings 23:26
  • 6. 2 Kings 21:16
  • 7. 2 Chronicles 36:8
  • 8. [2 Chronicles 36:6; Jeremiah 22:18, 19; Jeremiah 36:30]
  • 9. Jeremiah 37:5-7
  • 10. [Jer. 46:2, 20, 24, 26]
  • 11. See Numbers 34:5
  • 12. [1 Chronicles 3:16; Esther 2:6; Jeremiah 22:24, 28; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 37:1]
  • 13. [2 Chronicles 36:9]
  • 14. 2 Kings 23:37
  • 15. Daniel 1:1
  • 16. [See ver. 10 above]
  • 17. [Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:1, 2; Ezekiel 17:12]
  • 18. [2 Chronicles 36:10]
  • 19. [2 Kings 25:27]
  • 20. 2 Kings 20:17; Isaiah 39:6
  • 21. 2 Chronicles 36:7; Ezra 1:7; Daniel 1:2; Daniel 5:2, 3
  • 22. See 1 Kings 7:48-50
  • 23. Jeremiah 20:5
  • 24. Jeremiah 24:1
  • 25. [ver. 16; Jeremiah 52:28]
  • 26. Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:2; [1 Samuel 13:19, 22]
  • 27. 2 Kings 25:12
  • 28. 2 Chronicles 36:10; Esther 2:6; [Jeremiah 22:24-26]
  • 29. [ver. 14]
  • 30. For ver. 17-20, see 2 Chronicles 36:10-13
  • 31. [Jeremiah 37:1]
  • 32. [1 Chronicles 3:15]
  • 33. [2 Kings 23:34; 2 Chronicles 36:4]
  • 34. For ch. 24:18 - 25:21, see Jeremiah 52:1-7
  • 35. 2 Kings 23:31
  • 36. 2 Kings 23:37
  • 37. [Ezekiel 17:18]

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates the rebellion of Jehoiakim against the king of Babylon, which prepared the way for the ruin of the kingdom of Judah, according to the decree of God, and also the death of Jehoiakim, and the conquest the king of Babylon made of part of the land of the king of Egypt, 2Ki 24:1-7 and the short and wicked reign of Jehoiachin his son, when he and the royal family, with great numbers of the inhabitants of the land, were carried captive to Babylon, 2Ki 24:8-16, and his uncle was made king in his room, 2Ki 24:17-20.

2 Kings 24 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.