2 Samuel 5

Listen to 2 Samuel 5

David Anointed King of Israel

1 Then all the tribes of Israel 1came to David at Hebron and said, "Behold, 2we are your bone and flesh.
2 In times past, when Saul was king over us, 3it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the LORD said to you, 4'You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over Israel.'"
3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, 5and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron 6before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel.
4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and 7he reigned forty years.
5 8At Hebron he reigned over Judah 9seven years and six months, and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.[a]
6 10And the king and his men went to Jerusalem 11against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, "You will not come in here, but the blind and the lame will ward you off"--thinking, "David cannot come in here."
7 Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, 12that is, the city of David.
8 And David said on that day, "Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him get up the water shaft to attack 'the lame and the blind,' who are hated by David's soul." Therefore it is said, "The blind and the lame shall not come into the house."
9 And David lived in the stronghold and called it 13the city of David. And David built the city all around from the 14Millo inward.
10 And David became greater and greater, for the LORD, the God of hosts, was with him.
11 15And 16Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, also carpenters and masons who built David a house.
12 And David knew that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.
13 And David took more 17concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David.
14 18And these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,
15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,
16 Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.

David Defeats the Philistines

17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. But David heard of it and went down 19to the stronghold.
18 Now the Philistines had come and spread out in 20the Valley of Rephaim.
19 And David 21inquired of the LORD, "Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will you give them into my hand?" And the LORD said to David, "Go up, for I will certainly give the Philistines into your hand."
20 And David came to Baal-perazim, and David defeated them there. And he said, "The LORD has burst through my enemies before me like a bursting flood."22Therefore the name of that place is called Baal-perazim.[b]
21 And the Philistines left their idols there, and David and his men carried them away.
22 And the Philistines came up yet again 23and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.
23 24And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, "You shall not go up; go around to their rear, and come against them opposite the balsam trees.
24 And 25when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then rouse yourself, 26for then the LORD has gone out before you to strike down the army of the Philistines."
25 And David did as the LORD commanded him, and struck down the Philistines from Geba 27to Gezer.

2 Samuel 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

David king over all Israel. (1-5) He takes the strong-hold of Zion. (6-10) David's kingdom established. (11-16) He defeats the Philistines. (17-25)

Verses 1-5 David was anointed king a third time. His advances were gradual, that his faith might be tried, and that he might gain experience. Thus his kingdom typified that of the Messiah, which was to come to its height by degrees. Thus Jesus became our Brother, took upon him our nature, dwelt in it that he might become our Prince and Saviour: thus the humbled sinner takes encouragement from the endearing relation, applies for his salvation, submits to his authority, and craves his protection.

Verses 6-10 The enemies of God's people are often very confident of their own strength, and most secure when their day to fall draws nigh. But the pride and insolence of the Jebusites animated David, and the Lord God of hosts was with him. Thus in the day of God's power, Satan's strong-hold, the human heart, is changed into a habitation of God through the Spirit, and into a throne on which the Son of David rules, and brings every thought into obedience to himself. May He thus come, and claim, and cleanse, each of our hearts; and, destroying every idol, may he reign there for ever!

Verses 11-16 David's house was not the worse, nor the less fit to be dedicated to God, for being built by the sons of the stranger. It is prophesied of the gospel church, The sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee, ( Isaiah 60:10 ) . David's government was rooted and built up. David was established king; so is the Son of David, and all who, through him, are made to our God kings and priests. Never had the nation of Israel appeared so great as it began now to be. Many have the favour and love of God, yet do not perceive it, and so want the comfort of it; but to be exalted to that, and to perceive it, is happiness. David owned it was for his people's sake God had done great things for him; that he might be a blessing to them, and that they might be happy under him.

Verses 17-25 The Philistines considered not that David had the presence of God with him, which Saul had forfeited and lost. The kingdom of the Messiah, as soon as it was set up in the world, was thus attacked by the powers of darkness. The heathen raged, and the kings of the earth set themselves to oppose it; but all in vain, ( Psalm 2:1 ) . The destruction will turn, as this did, upon Satan's own kingdom. David owns dependence on God for victory; and refers himself to the good pleasure of God, Wilt thou do it? The assurance God has given us of victory over our spiritual enemies, should encourage us in our spiritual conflicts. David waited till God moved; he stirred then, but not till then. He was trained up in dependence on God and his providence. God performed his promise, and David failed not to improve his advantages. When the kingdom of the Messiah was to be set up, the apostles, who were to beat down the devil's kingdom, must not attempt any thing till they received the promise of the Spirit; who came with a sound from heaven, as of a rushing, mighty wind, ( Acts 2:2 ) .

Cross References 27

  • 1. For ver. 1-3, see 1 Chronicles 11:1-3
  • 2. See Genesis 29:14
  • 3. [1 Samuel 18:13]
  • 4. 2 Samuel 7:7; 1 Chronicles 17:6; Psalms 78:71, 72; [Matthew 2:6]
  • 5. 2 Samuel 3:12, 13, 21; [2 Kings 11:17]
  • 6. Judges 11:11; 1 Samuel 23:18
  • 7. 1 Kings 2:11; 1 Chronicles 3:4; 1 Chronicles 29:27
  • 8. [See ver. 4 above]
  • 9. 2 Samuel 2:11
  • 10. For ver. 6-10, see 1 Chronicles 11:4-9
  • 11. Judges 19:11; [Joshua 15:63; Judges 1:21]
  • 12. 2 Samuel 6:12, 16
  • 13. [See ver. 7 above]
  • 14. 1 Kings 9:15, 24; 1 Kings 11:27; 2 Kings 12:20; 2 Chronicles 32:5
  • 15. For ver. 11-25, see 1 Chronicles 14:1-16
  • 16. 1 Kings 5; 1 Kings 6
  • 17. [1 Chronicles 3:9]
  • 18. [1 Chronicles 3:5-8]
  • 19. 2 Samuel 23:14; 1 Samuel 22:4, 5
  • 20. ver. 22; 2 Samuel 23:13; Joshua 15:8; Joshua 18:16; [Joshua 17:15]
  • 21. See 2 Samuel 2:1
  • 22. Isaiah 28:21
  • 23. ver. 18
  • 24. See 1 Samuel 22:10
  • 25. [2 Kings 7:6]
  • 26. [Judges 4:14]
  • 27. Joshua 10:33

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Dead Sea Scroll lacks verses 4-5
  • [b]. Baal-perazim means lord of bursting through

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have an account of all the tribes of Israel coming to Hebron, and anointing David king over them, 2Sa 5:1-5; of his expedition against the Jebusites in Jerusalem, and taking from them the strong hold of Zion, 2Sa 5:6-10; of his building an house for himself, and of his building up his family, by taking more wives and concubines, and having more children, whose names are given, 2Sa 5:11-16; and of an invasion of the land by the Philistines, and David's victory over them, 2Sa 5:17-25.

2 Samuel 5 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.