Deuteronomy 11

Listen to Deuteronomy 11

Love and Serve the Lord

1 1"You shall therefore love the LORD your God and 2keep his charge, his statutes, his rules, and his commandments always.
2 And consider today (since I am not speaking to 3your children who have not known or seen it), consider the discipline[a] of the LORD your God, 4his greatness, 5his mighty hand and his outstretched arm,
3 6his signs and his deeds that he did in Egypt to Pharaoh the king of Egypt and to all his land,
4 and what he did to the army of Egypt, to their horses and to their chariots, 7how he made the water of the Red Sea flow over them as they pursued after you, and how the LORD has destroyed them to this day,
5 and 8what he did to you in the wilderness, until you came to this place,
6 and 9what he did to Dathan and Abiram the sons of Eliab, son of Reuben, how the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, with their households, their tents, and every living thing that followed them, in the midst of all Israel.
7 For your eyes have seen 10all the great work of the LORD that he did.
8 "You shall therefore keep the whole commandment that I command you today, that you may 11be strong, and go in and take possession of the land that you are going over to possess,
9 and 12that you may live long in the land 13that the LORD swore to your fathers to give to them and to their offspring, 14a land flowing with milk and honey.
10 For the land that you are entering to take possession of it is not like the land of Egypt, from which you have come, where you sowed your seed and irrigated it,[b] like a garden of vegetables.
11 15But the land that you are going over to possess is a land of hills and valleys, which drinks water by the rain from heaven,
12 a land that the LORD your God cares for. 16The eyes of the LORD your God are always upon it, from the beginning of the year to the end of the year.
13 "And if you will indeed obey my commandments that I command you today, 17to love the LORD your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul,
14 18he[c] will give the rain for your land in its season, 19the early rain and the later rain, that you may gather in your grain and your wine and your oil.
15 20And he will give grass in your fields for your livestock, and 21you shall eat and be full.
16 Take care 22lest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and 23serve other gods and worship them;
17 then 24the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you, and he 25will shut up the heavens, so that there will be no rain, and the land will yield no fruit, and 26you will perish quickly off the good land that the LORD is giving you.
18 27"You shall therefore lay up these words of mine in your heart and in your soul, and 28you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.
19 You shall teach them to your children, talking of them when you are sitting in your house, and when you are walking by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise.
20 29You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates,
21 30that your days and the days of your children may be multiplied in the land that the LORD swore to your fathers to give them, 31as long as the heavens are above the earth.
22 For if 32you will be careful to do all this commandment that I command you to do, loving the LORD your God, walking in all his ways, and 33holding fast to him,
23 then the LORD 34 will drive out all these nations before you, and you will 35dispossess nations greater and mightier than yourselves.
24 36Every place on which the sole of your foot treads shall be yours. Your territory shall be 37from the wilderness to[d] the Lebanon and from the River, the river Euphrates, to the western sea.
25 38No one shall be able to stand against you. The LORD your God will lay 39the fear of you and the dread of you on all the land that you shall tread, 40as he promised you.
26 41"See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse:
27 42the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you today,
28 and 43the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside from the way that I am commanding you today, 44to go after other gods that you have not known.
29 And when the LORD your God brings you into the land that you are entering to take possession of it, you shall set 45the blessing on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ebal.
30 Are they not beyond the Jordan, west of the road, toward the going down of the sun, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the 46Arabah, opposite Gilgal, beside 47the oak[e] of Moreh?
31 For you are 48to cross over the Jordan to go in to take possession of the land that the LORD your God is giving you. And when you possess it and live in it,
32 you shall be careful 49to do all the statutes and the rules that I am setting before you today.

Deuteronomy 11 Commentary

Chapter 11

The great work God wrought for Israel. (1-7) Promises and threatenings. (8-17) Careful study of God's word requisite. (18-25) The blessings and the curse set forth. (26-32)

Verses 1-7 Observe the connexion of these two; Thou shalt love the Lord, and keep his charge. Love will work in obedience, and that only is acceptable obedience which flows from a principle of ( 1 John. 5:3 ) works of God which their eyes had seen. What our eyes have seen, especially in our early days, should affect us, and make us better long afterwards.

Verses 8-17 Moses sets before them, for the future, life and death, the blessing and the curse, according as they did or did not keep God's commandment. Sin tends to shorten the days of all men, and to shorten the days of a people's prosperity. God will bless them with an abundance of all good things, if they would love him and serve him. Godliness has the promise of the life that now is; but the favour of God shall put gladness into the heart, more than the increase of corn, and wine, and oil. Revolt from God to idols would certainly be their ruin. Take heed that your hearts be not deceived. All who forsake God to set their affection upon any creature, will find themselves wretchedly deceived, to their own destruction; and this will make it worse, that it was for want of taking heed.

Verses 18-25 Let all be directed by the three rules here given. 1. Let our hearts be filled with the word of God. There will not be good practices in the life, unless there be good thoughts, good affections, and good principles in the heart. 2. Let our eyes be fixed upon the word of God, having constant regard to it as the guide of our way, as the rule of our work, ( Psalms 119:30 ) . 3. Let our tongues be employed about the word of God. Nor will any thing do more to cause prosperity, and keeping up religion in a nation, than the good education of children.

Verses 26-32 Moses sums up all the arguments for obedience in two words, the blessing and the curse. He charged the people to choose which they would have. Moses then appointed a public and solemn proclamation of the blessing and curse, to be made upon the two mountains of Gerizim and Ebal. We have broken the law, and are under its curse, without remedy from ourselves. In mercy, the gospel again sets before us a blessing and a curse. A blessing, if we obey the call to repentance, to faith in Christ, and newness of heart and life through him; an awful curse, if we neglect so great salvation. Let us thankfully welcome these glad tidings of great joy; and let us not harden our hearts, but hear this voice of God while it is called to-day, and while he invites us to come to him upon a mercy-seat. Let us be diligent to make our calling and election sure.

Cross References 49

  • 1. See Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 2. [Ezekiel 44:16]; See Leviticus 8:35
  • 3. Deuteronomy 31:13
  • 4. Deuteronomy 3:24; Deuteronomy 5:24
  • 5. See Deuteronomy 4:34
  • 6. Deuteronomy 6:22; Deuteronomy 7:19
  • 7. Exodus 14:27, 28; Exodus 15:9, 10; Psalms 106:11
  • 8. See Psalms 78:14-40
  • 9. Numbers 16:1, 31; Numbers 27:3; Psalms 106:17
  • 10. Judges 2:7
  • 11. Deuteronomy 31:6, 7; Josh. 1:6, 7, 9, 18
  • 12. See Deuteronomy 4:40
  • 13. See Genesis 50:24
  • 14. Exodus 3:8
  • 15. Deuteronomy 8:7
  • 16. [1 Kings 9:3; Jeremiah 24:6]
  • 17. See Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 18. Deuteronomy 28:12; Leviticus 26:4
  • 19. [Job 29:23; Jeremiah 5:24; Hosea 6:3; Joel 2:23; James 5:7]
  • 20. Psalms 104:14
  • 21. Deuteronomy 6:11; [Joel 2:19]
  • 22. [Job 31:27]
  • 23. ver. 28; See Deuteronomy 6:14
  • 24. Deuteronomy 6:15
  • 25. 1 Kings 8:35; 2 Chronicles 6:26; 2 Chronicles 7:13; [Deuteronomy 28:23, 24; Leviticus 26:19, 20; Amos 4:7; Zechariah 14:17; Revelation 11:6]
  • 26. Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 30:18; Joshua 23:15, 16
  • 27. See Deuteronomy 6:6
  • 28. See Deuteronomy 6:8
  • 29. Deuteronomy 6:9
  • 30. See Deuteronomy 4:40
  • 31. Psalms 89:29
  • 32. Deuteronomy 6:17
  • 33. See Deuteronomy 10:20
  • 34. See Deuteronomy 4:38
  • 35. Deuteronomy 9:1
  • 36. Joshua 1:3; [Joshua 14:9]
  • 37. See Exodus 23:31
  • 38. See Deuteronomy 7:24
  • 39. Deuteronomy 2:25
  • 40. Exodus 23:27
  • 41. Deuteronomy 30:1, 15, 19
  • 42. See Deuteronomy 28:2-14
  • 43. See Deuteronomy 28:15-45
  • 44. See Deuteronomy 6:14
  • 45. Deuteronomy 27:12, 13; Joshua 8:33
  • 46. See Deuteronomy 1:1
  • 47. Judges 7:1
  • 48. Deuteronomy 9:1; Deuteronomy 12:10; Joshua 1:11
  • 49. Deuteronomy 5:32; Deuteronomy 12:32

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. Or instruction
  • [b]. Hebrew watered it with your feet
  • [c]. Samaritan, Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew I; also verse 15
  • [d]. Hebrew and
  • [e]. Septuagint, Syriac; see Genesis 12:6. Hebrew oaks, or terebinths

Chapter Summary


In this chapter, the exhortation to love the Lord, and keep his commands, is repeated and urged again and again from various considerations; as not only from the chastisement of Pharaoh and the wicked Egyptians, but of such Israelites who offended the Lord, and transgressed his law, De 12:1-7, from the goodness and excellency of the land they were going to inherit, De 11:8-11, from the blessing of rain that would come upon it, and be productive of all good things for man and beast, in case of obedience, and a restraint of it in case of disobedience, De 11:12-17, from the continuance of them and their offspring in the land, should they be careful to observe the commands themselves, and teach them their children, De 11:18-21, and from the extensiveness of their conquests and dominions, De 11:22-25 and from the different issue and effects of their conduct and behaviour, a blessing upon them if obedient, but a curse if disobedient, De 11:26-28 and the chapter is concluded with an exhortation to pronounce the blessing on Mount Gerizim, and the curse on Mount Ebal; the situation of which places is described when they should come into the land of Canaan, of which they are assured, De 11:29-32.

Deuteronomy 11 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.