Genesis 34

Listen to Genesis 34

The Defiling of Dinah

1 Now 1Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the women of the land.
2 And when Shechem the son of 2Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her, he seized her and lay with her and humiliated her.
3 And his soul was drawn to Dinah the daughter of Jacob. He loved the young woman and spoke tenderly to her.
4 So Shechem 3spoke to his father Hamor, saying, "Get me this girl for my wife."
5 Now Jacob heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah. But his sons were with his livestock in the field, so Jacob held his peace until they came.
6 And Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him.
7 The sons of Jacob had come in from the field as soon as they heard of it, and the men were indignant and 4very angry, because he 5had done an outrageous thing in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter, 6for such a thing must not be done.
8 But Hamor spoke with them, saying, "The soul of my son Shechem longs for your[a] daughter. Please give her to him to be his wife.
9 Make marriages with us. Give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves.
10 You shall dwell with us, and 7the land shall be open to you. Dwell and 8trade in it, and 9get property in it."
11 Shechem also said to her father and to her brothers, 10"Let me find favor in your eyes, and whatever you say to me I will give.
12 Ask me for as great a 11bride price[b] and gift as you will, and I will give whatever you say to me. Only give me the young woman to be my wife."
13 The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully, because he had defiled their sister Dinah.
14 They said to them, "We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for 12that would be a disgrace to us.
15 Only on this condition will we agree with you--that you will become as we are by every male among you being circumcised.
16 Then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters to ourselves, and we will dwell with you and become one people.
17 But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter, and we will be gone."
18 Their words pleased Hamor and Hamor's son Shechem.
19 And the young man did not delay to do the thing, because he delighted in Jacob's daughter. Now 13he was the most honored of all his father's house.
20 So Hamor and his son Shechem 14came to the gate of their city and spoke to the men of their city, saying,
21 "These men are at peace with us; let them dwell in the land and 15trade in it, for behold, the land is large enough for them. Let us take their daughters as wives, and let us give them our daughters.
22 Only on this condition will the men agree to dwell with us to become one people--when every male among us is circumcised as they are circumcised.
23 Will not their livestock, their property and all their beasts be ours? Only let us agree with them, and they will dwell with us."
24 And all who went out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor and his son Shechem, and every male was circumcised, all who 16went out of the gate of his city.
25 On the third day, when they were sore, two of the sons of Jacob, 17Simeon and Levi, 18Dinah's brothers, took their swords and came against the city while it felt secure and killed all the males.
26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword and took Dinah out of Shechem's house and went away.
27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain and plundered the city, because they had defiled their sister.
28 They took their flocks and their herds, their donkeys, and whatever was in the city and in the field.
29 All their wealth, all their little ones and their wives, all that was in the houses, they captured and plundered.
30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, 19"You have brought trouble on me 20by making me stink to the inhabitants of the land, 21the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 22My numbers are few, and if they gather themselves against me and attack me, I shall be destroyed, both I and my household."
31 But they said, "Should he treat our sister like a prostitute?"

Cross References 22

  • 1. Genesis 30:21
  • 2. Acts 7:16
  • 3. [Judges 14:2]
  • 4. Genesis 49:7
  • 5. Joshua 7:15; Judges 20:6
  • 6. ver. 31; Genesis 20:9; 2 Samuel 13:12
  • 7. Genesis 13:9; Genesis 20:15
  • 8. ver. 21; Genesis 42:34
  • 9. Genesis 47:27
  • 10. See Genesis 33:15
  • 11. Exodus 22:16, 17; 1 Samuel 18:25; [Deuteronomy 22:29]
  • 12. Joshua 5:9
  • 13. [1 Chronicles 4:9]
  • 14. See Ruth 4:1
  • 15. ver. 10; Genesis 42:34
  • 16. [Genesis 23:10]
  • 17. See Genesis 49:5-7
  • 18. Genesis 29:33, 34; Genesis 30:21
  • 19. Joshua 7:25
  • 20. Exodus 5:21; 1 Samuel 13:4; 1 Samuel 27:12; 2 Samuel 10:6; 2 Samuel 16:21; 1 Chronicles 19:6(Heb.)
  • 21. Genesis 13:7; Genesis 15:20, 21
  • 22. 1 Chronicles 16:19; Psalms 105:12

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. The Hebrew for your is plural here
  • [b]. Or engagement present

Genesis 34 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.