Job 23

Listen to Job 23

Job Replies: Where Is God?

1 Then Job answered and said:
2 "Today also my 1complaint is bitter;[a] my 2hand is heavy on account of my groaning.
3 Oh, 3that I knew where I might find him, that I might come even to his 4seat!
4 I would 5lay my case before him and fill my mouth with arguments.
5 I would know what he would answer me and understand what he would say to me.
6 Would he 6contend with me in the greatness of his power? No; he would pay attention to me.
7 There an upright man could argue with him, and I would be acquitted forever by my judge.
8 "Behold, 7I go forward, but he is not there, and backward, but I do not perceive him;
9 on the left hand when he is working, I do not behold him; he turns to the right hand, but I do not see him.
10 But he 8knows 9the way that I 10take; when he has 11tried me, I shall come out as gold.
11 My foot 12has held fast to his steps; I have kept his way and have 13not turned aside.
12 I have not departed from the commandment of his lips; I have 14treasured the words of his mouth more than my 15portion of food.
13 But he is unchangeable,[b] and 16who can turn him back? What he 17desires, that he does.
14 For he will complete what he 18appoints for me, and many such things are 19in his mind.
15 Therefore I am terrified at his presence; when I consider, I am in dread of him.
16 God has made my 20heart faint; the Almighty has terrified me;
17 yet I am not silenced because of the darkness, nor because thick darkness covers my face.

Images for Job 23

Job 23 Commentary

Chapter 23

Job complains that God has withdrawn. (1-7) He asserts his own integrity. (8-12) The Divine terrors. (13-17)

Verses 1-7 Job appeals from his friends to the just judgement of God. He wants to have his cause tried quickly. Blessed be God, we may know where to find him. He is in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself; and upon a mercy-seat, waiting to be gracious. Thither the sinner may go; and there the believer may order his cause before Him, with arguments taken from his promises, his covenant, and his glory. A patient waiting for death and judgment is our wisdom and duty, and it cannot be without a holy fear and trembling. A passionate wishing for death or judgement is our sin and folly, and ill becomes us, as it did Job.

Verses 8-12 Job knew that the Lord was every where present; but his mind was in such confusion, that he could get no fixed view of God's merciful presence, so as to find comfort by spreading his case before him. His views were all gloomy. God seemed to stand at a distance, and frown upon him. Yet Job expressed his assurance that he should be brought forth, tried, and approved, for he had obeyed the precepts of God. He had relished and delighted in the truths and commandments of God. Here we should notice that Job justified himself rather than God, or in opposition to him, ch. 32:2 . Job might feel that he was clear from the charges of his friends, but boldly to assert that, though visited by the hand of God, it was not a chastisement of sin, was his error. And he is guilty of a second, when he denies that there are dealings of Providence with men in this present life, wherein the injured find redress, and the evil are visited for their sins.

Verses 13-17 As Job does not once question but that his trials are from the hand of God, and that there is no such thing as chance, how does he account for them? The principle on which he views them is, that the hope and reward of the faithful servants of God are only laid up in another life; and he maintains that it is plain to all, that the wicked are not treated according to their deserts in this life, but often directly the reverse. But though the obtaining of mercy, the first-fruits of the Spirit of grace, pledges a God, who will certainly finish the work which he has began; yet the afflicted believer is not to conclude that all prayer and entreaty will be in vain, and that he should sink into despair, and faint when he is reproved of Him. He cannot tell but the intention of God in afflicting him may be to produce penitence and prayer in his heart. May we learn to obey and trust the Lord, even in tribulation; to live or die as he pleases: we know not for what good ends our lives may be shortened or prolonged.

Cross References 20

  • 1. Job 10:1; Job 21:4
  • 2. [Psalms 32:4]
  • 3. [Job 13:3; Job 16:21]
  • 4. [Psalms 9:7, 8; Isaiah 57:15, 16]
  • 5. See Job 33:5
  • 6. [Job 9:34; Job 13:21]
  • 7. Job 9:11; Job 35:14
  • 8. Psalms 139:1-3
  • 9. Psalms 139:24
  • 10. [Job 9:35]
  • 11. Psalms 17:3; Psalms 26:2; Psalms 66:10; Psalms 139:23; Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:3; 1 Peter 1:7; Revelation 3:18; [James 1:12]
  • 12. Psalms 17:5; Psalms 44:18
  • 13. Psalms 125:5
  • 14. [Psalms 119:11]
  • 15. [Psalms 119:103; John 4:32, 34]
  • 16. [Job 9:12; Job 12:14]
  • 17. Psalms 115:3
  • 18. [1 Thessalonians 3:3]
  • 19. [Job 10:13; Job 27:11]
  • 20. Deuteronomy 20:3; [Psalms 22:14]

Footnotes 2

Chapter Summary


This and the following chapter contain Job's reply to the last oration of Eliphaz; in this he first declares his present sorrowful estate and condition, Job 23:1,2; wishes he knew where to find God, as a judge sitting on a throne, before whom he might lay his cause, and plead it, and have his judgment and final decision passed upon it; when he doubted not but he would deal favourably with him, and both admit him and strengthen him, to plead his own cause, and would acquit him for ever from the charges laid against him, Job 23:3-7; in order to which he sought for him everywhere, but could not find him, but contents himself with this, that God knew his way; and that, after trial of him, he should shine like pure gold, and appear to be no apostate from him, but one sincerely obedient to his commands, and a true lover of his word, Job 23:8-12; and as for his afflictions, they were the result of the unalterable purposes and appointments of God: but what gave him the greatest uneasiness was, that there were more of that sort yet to come, which filled him with fears and faintings, with trouble and darkness, Job 23:13-17.

Job 23 Commentaries