Job 37

Listen to Job 37

Elihu Proclaims God's Majesty

1 "At this also my heart trembles and leaps out of its place.
2 Keep listening to the thunder of his voice and the rumbling that comes from his mouth.
3 Under the whole heaven he lets it go, and his 1lightning to the 2corners of the earth.
4 After it 3his voice roars; 4he thunders with his majestic voice, and he does not restrain the lightnings[a] when his voice is heard.
5 God thunders wondrously with his voice; he does 5great things that we cannot 6comprehend.
6 For to 7the snow he says, 'Fall on the earth,' likewise to the downpour, his mighty downpour.
7 He 8seals up the hand of every man, that all men whom he made may 9know it.
8 Then the beasts go into their 10lairs, and remain in their 11dens.
9 From 12its chamber 13comes the whirlwind, and 14cold from the scattering winds.
10 By the breath of God 15ice is given, and 16the broad waters are frozen fast.
11 He loads the thick cloud with moisture; the clouds scatter his lightning.
12 They 17turn around and around by his 18guidance, 19to accomplish all that he commands them on the face of 20the habitable world.
13 Whether for 21correction or for his 22land or for 23love, he causes it to happen.
14 "Hear this, O Job; stop and 24consider the wondrous works of God.
15 Do you know how God lays his command upon them and causes the lightning of his cloud to shine?
16 Do you know the balancings[b] of the clouds, the wondrous works of him who is 25perfect in knowledge,
17 you whose garments are hot when the earth is still because of the south wind?
18 Can you, like him, 26spread out the skies, hard as a cast metal 27mirror?
19 Teach us what we shall say to him; we cannot draw up our case because of 28darkness.
20 Shall it be told him that I would speak? Did a man ever wish that he would be swallowed up?
21 "And now no one looks on the light when it is bright in the skies, when the wind has passed and cleared them.
22 Out of the north comes golden splendor; God is clothed with 29awesome majesty.
23 The Almighty--we 30cannot find him; he is 31great in power; 32justice and abundant righteousness he will not 33violate.
24 Therefore men 34fear him; he does not regard any who are 35wise in their own conceit."[c]

Job 37 Commentary

Chapter 37

Elihu observes the power of God. (1-13) Job required to explain the works of nature. (14-20) God is great, and is to be feared. (21-24)

Verses 1-13 The changes of the weather are the subject of a great deal of our thoughts and common talk; but how seldom do we think and speak of these things, as Elihu, with a regard to God, the director of them! We must notice the glory of God, not only in the thunder and lightning, but in the more common and less awful changes of the weather; as the snow and rain. Nature directs all creatures to shelter themselves from a storm; and shall man only be unprovided with a refuge? Oh that men would listen to the voice of God, who in many ways warns them to flee from the wrath to come; and invites them to accept his salvation, and to be happy. The ill opinion which men entertain of the Divine direction, peculiarly appears in their murmurs about the weather, though the whole result of the year proves the folly of their complaints. Believers should avoid this; no days are bad as God makes them, though we make many bad by our sins.

Verses 14-20 Due thoughts of the works of God will help to reconcile us to all his providences. As God has a powerful, freezing north wind, so he has a thawing, composing south wind: the Spirit is compared to both, because he both convinces and comforts, So. 4:16 . The best of men are much in the dark concerning the glorious perfections of the Divine nature and the Divine government. Those who, through grace, know much of God, know nothing, in comparison with what is to be known, and of what will be known, when that which is perfect is come.

Verses 21-24 Elihu concludes his discourse with some great sayings concerning the glory of God. Light always is, but is not always to be seen. When clouds come between, the sun is darkened in the clear day. The light of God's favour shines ever towards his faithful servants, though it be not always seen. Sins are clouds, and often hinder us from seeing that bright light which is in the face of God. Also, as to those thick clouds of sorrow which often darken our minds, the Lord hath a wind which passes and clears them away. What is that wind? It is his Holy Spirit. As the wind dispels and sweeps away the clouds which are gathered in the air, so the Spirit of God clears our souls from the clouds and fogs of ignorance and unbelief, of sin and lust. From all these clouds the Holy Spirit of God frees us in the work of regeneration. And from all the clouds which trouble our consciences, the Holy Spirit sets us free in the work of consolation. Now that God is about to speak, Elihu delivers a few words, as the sum of all his discourse. With God is terrible majesty. Sooner or later all men shall fear him.

Cross References 35

  • 1. Job 36:30, 32
  • 2. Job 38:13; [Isaiah 11:12; Ezekiel 7:2]
  • 3. Job 40:9; Psalms 68:33; See Psalms 29:3-9
  • 4. Psalms 18:13
  • 5. See Job 5:9
  • 6. Job 36:26
  • 7. Psalms 147:16, 17
  • 8. Daniel 12:9; [Job 14:17]
  • 9. Psalms 109:27
  • 10. Job 38:40
  • 11. Psalms 104:22
  • 12. Job 9:9
  • 13. Isaiah 21:1; [Job 1:19]
  • 14. Psalms 147:17
  • 15. Job 38:29, 30; Psalms 147:17
  • 16. [Job 36:16]
  • 17. Genesis 3:24
  • 18. Psalms 148:8
  • 19. Psalms 148:8
  • 20. [Proverbs 8:31]
  • 21. Exodus 9:18, 23; 1 Samuel 12:18, 19; Ezra 10:9; [Job 36:31; Job 38:22, 23]
  • 22. Job 38:26, 27
  • 23. 1 Kings 18:45
  • 24. [Psalms 111:2]
  • 25. Job 36:4; [1 Samuel 2:3]
  • 26. Isaiah 42:5; Isaiah 44:24; [Genesis 1:6]
  • 27. [Exodus 38:8]
  • 28. Isaiah 60:2; [Ephesians 4:18]
  • 29. [Psalms 104:1]
  • 30. 1 Timothy 6:16
  • 31. Job 36:5
  • 32. Psalms 99:4
  • 33. Lamentations 3:33
  • 34. Psalms 130:4; [Matthew 10:28]
  • 35. [Isaiah 5:21; Matthew 11:25; 1 Corinthians 1:26]

Footnotes 3

Chapter Summary


Elihu in this chapter proceeds to show the greatness of God as it appears in other of his works of nature, which greatly affected him, and to an attention to which he exhorts others, Job 37:1,2; particularly thunder and lightning, the direction, extent, and order of which he observes, Job 37:3,4; and then suggests that besides these there are other great things done by him, incomprehensible and unknown in various respects; as the snow, and rain, lesser and greater, which come on the earth at his command, and have such effect on men as to seal up their hands, and on the beasts of the field as to cause them to retire to their dens, and there remain, Job 37:5-8; and then he goes on to take notice of wind, and frost, and the clouds, and dispersion of them; their use and ends, whether in judgment or mercy, Job 37:9-13; and then calls on Job to consider these wondrous works of God, and remark how ignorant men are of the disposition of clouds for the rainbow; of the balancing of them; of the heat and quietness that come by the south wind, and of the firmness of the sky, Job 37:14-21; and from all this he concludes the terrible majesty, unsearchable nature of God, the excellency of his power and justice; and that men therefore should and do fear him, who is no respecter of persons, Job 37:21-23.

Job 37 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.