Job 4

Listen to Job 4

Eliphaz Speaks: The Innocent Prosper

1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2 "If one ventures a word with you, will you be impatient? Yet who can keep from speaking?
3 Behold, you have instructed many, and you have 1strengthened the weak hands.
4 Your words have upheld him who was stumbling, and you have 2made firm the feeble knees.
5 But now it has come to you, and you are impatient; it touches you, and you are dismayed.
6 3Is not your fear of God[a] your 4confidence, and the integrity of your ways your hope?
7 "Remember: 5who that was innocent ever perished? Or where were the upright cut off?
8 As I have seen, those who 6plow iniquity and sow trouble reap the same.
9 By 7the breath of God they perish, and by 8the blast of his anger they are consumed.
10 The roar of the lion, the voice of the fierce lion, 9the teeth of the young lions are broken.
11 The strong lion perishes for lack of prey, and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.
12 "Now a word was brought to me stealthily; my ear received 10the whisper of it.
13 Amid 11thoughts from 12visions of the night, when 13deep sleep falls on men,
14 dread came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones shake.
15 A spirit glided past my face; the hair of my flesh stood up.
16 It stood still, but I could not discern its appearance. 14A form was before my eyes; there was silence, then I heard 15a voice:
17 16'Can mortal man be in the right before[b] God? Can a man be pure before his Maker?
18 Even in his servants 17he puts no trust, and his angels he charges with error;
19 how much more those who dwell in houses of 18clay, whose foundation is in 19the dust, who are crushed like 20the moth.
20 Between 21morning and evening they are beaten to pieces; they perish forever 22without anyone regarding it.
21 Is not their tent-cord plucked up within them, 23do they not die, and that without wisdom?'

Job 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

Eliphaz reproves Job. (1-6) And maintains that God's judgments are for the wicked. (7-11) The vision of Eliphaz. (12-21)

Verses 1-6 Satan undertook to prove Job a hypocrite by afflicting him; and his friends concluded him to be one because he was so afflicted, and showed impatience. This we must keep in mind if we would understand what passed. Eliphaz speaks of Job, and his afflicted condition, with tenderness; but charges him with weakness and faint-heartedness. Men make few allowances for those who have taught others. Even pious friends will count that only a touch which we feel as a wound. Learn from hence to draw off the mind of a sufferer from brooding over the affliction, to look at the God of mercies in the affliction. And how can this be done so well as by looking to Christ Jesus, in whose unequalled sorrows every child of God soonest learns to forget his own?

Verses 7-11 Eliphaz argues, 1. That good men were never thus ruined. But there is one event both to the righteous and to the wicked, ( Ecclesiastes 9:2 ) , both in life and death; the great and certain difference is after death. Our worst mistakes are occasioned by drawing wrong views from undeniable truths. 2. That wicked men were often thus ruined: for the proof of this, Eliphaz vouches his own observation. We may see the same every day.

Verses 12-21 Eliphaz relates a vision. When we are communing with our own hearts, and are still, ( Psalms 4:4 ) , then is a time for the Holy Spirit to commune with us. This vision put him into very great fear. Ever since man sinned, it has been terrible to him to receive communications from Heaven, conscious that he can expect no good tidings thence. Sinful man! shall he pretend to be more just, more pure, than God, who being his Maker, is his Lord and Owner? How dreadful, then, the pride and presumption of man! How great the patience of God! Look upon man in his life. The very foundation of that cottage of clay in which man dwells, is in the dust, and it will sink with its own weight. We stand but upon the dust. Some have a higher heap of dust to stand upon than others but still it is the earth that stays us up, and will shortly swallow us up. Man is soon crushed; or if some lingering distemper, which consumes like a moth, be sent to destroy him, he cannot resist it. Shall such a creature pretend to blame the appointments of God? Look upon man in his death. Life is short, and in a little time men are cut off. Beauty, strength, learning, not only cannot secure them from death, but these things die with them; nor shall their pomp, their wealth, or power, continue after them. Shall a weak, sinful, dying creature, pretend to be more just than God, and more pure than his Maker? No: instead of quarrelling with his afflictions, let him wonder that he is out of hell. Can a man be cleansed without his Maker? Will God justify sinful mortals, and clear them from guilt? or will he do so without their having an interest in the righteousness and gracious help of their promised Redeemer, when angels, once ministering spirits before his throne, receive the just recompence of their sins? Notwithstanding the seeming impunity of men for a short time, though living without God in the world, their doom is as certain as that of the fallen angels, and is continually overtaking them. Yet careless sinners note it so little, that they expect not the change, nor are wise to consider their latter end.

Cross References 23

  • 1. Isaiah 35:3; [Hebrews 12:12]
  • 2. [See ver. 3 above]
  • 3. Job 1:1
  • 4. Job 31:24; Proverbs 3:26
  • 5. [Psalms 37:25]
  • 6. Hosea 10:13; [Psalms 7:14; Proverbs 22:8; Galatians 6:7, 8]
  • 7. Isaiah 30:33
  • 8. Job 15:30; Exodus 15:8; Psalms 18:15; [Isaiah 11:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:8]
  • 9. Psalms 58:6; [Job 29:17; Psalms 3:7]
  • 10. Job 26:14
  • 11. Job 20:2
  • 12. Job 33:15; Genesis 2:21; Genesis 15:12; 1 Samuel 26:12; Isaiah 29:10
  • 13. Job 33:15; Genesis 2:21; Genesis 15:12; 1 Samuel 26:12; Isaiah 29:10
  • 14. Numbers 12:8
  • 15. [1 Kings 19:12]
  • 16. Job 9:2; Job 10:4; Job 25:4; Job 32:2
  • 17. Job 15:15
  • 18. Job 10:9; Job 13:12; Job 33:6; Isaiah 64:8; 2 Corinthians 4:7; 2 Corinthians 5:1
  • 19. Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19; Genesis 18:27
  • 20. [Job 13:28]
  • 21. [Psalms 90:5, 6; Isaiah 38:12]
  • 22. [Isaiah 42:25; Isaiah 57:1]
  • 23. Job 36:12; Proverbs 5:23; Proverbs 10:21; [Hosea 4:6]

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Hebrew lacks of God
  • [b]. Or more than; twice in this verse

Chapter Summary


Job's sore afflictions, and his behaviour under them, laid the foundation of a dispute between him and his three friends, which begins in this chapter, and is carried on to the end of the thirty first; when Elihu starts up as a moderator between them, and the controversy is at last decided by God himself. Eliphaz first enters the list with Job, Job 4:1; introduces what he had to say in a preface, with some show of tenderness, friendship, and respect, Job 4:2; observes his former conduct in his prosperity, by instructing many, strengthening weak hands and feeble knees, and supporting stumbling and falling ones, Job 4:3,4; with what view all this is observed may be easily seen, since he immediately takes notice of his present behaviour, so different from the former, Job 4:5; and insults his profession of faith and hope in God, and fear of him, Job 4:6; and suggests that he was a bad man, and an hypocrite; and which he grounds upon this supposition, that no good man was ever destroyed by the Lord; for the truth of which he appeals to Job himself, Job 4:7; and confirms it by his own experience and observation, Job 4:8-11; and strengthens it by a vision he had in the night, in which the holiness and justice of God, and the mean and low condition of men, are declared, Job 4:12-21; and therefore it was wrong in Job to insinuate any injustice in God or in his providence, and a piece of weakness and folly to contend with him.

Job 4 Commentaries