Jonah 3:1-5

Jonah Goes to Nineveh

1 Then the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying,
2 "Arise, go to 1Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it the message that I tell you."
3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now 2Nineveh was an exceedingly great city,[a] three days' journey in breadth.[b]
4 Jonah began to go into the city, going a day's journey. And he called out, "Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!"
5 3And the people of Nineveh believed God. 4They called for a fast and 5put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them.

Jonah 3:1-5 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO JONAH 3

This chapter gives an account of the renewal of Jonah's message to Nineveh, and of his faithful execution of it, Jon 3:1-4; and of the fruit and effect of it, the conversion of the Ninevites, their faith in God, repentance of their sins, and reformation from them, Jon 3:5-9; and of God's approbation thereof, by revoking the sentence he had pronounced upon them, Jon 3:10.

Jonah 3:1-5 In-Context

1 Then the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying,
2 "Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it the message that I tell you."
3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, three days' journey in breadth.
4 Jonah began to go into the city, going a day's journey. And he called out, "Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!"
5 And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them.
6 The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.
7 And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, "By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Let them not feed or drink water,
8 but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.
9 Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish."

Cross References 5

  • 1. See Jonah 1:2
  • 2. [See ver. 2 above]
  • 3. [Matthew 12:41; Luke 11:32]
  • 4. See 2 Chronicles 20:3
  • 5. See 2 Samuel 3:31

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Hebrew a great city to God
  • [b]. Or a visit was a three days' journey
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.