Joshua 14

Listen to Joshua 14

The Inheritance West of the Jordan

1 These are the inheritances that the people of Israel received in the land of Canaan, which 1Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun and the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the people of Israel gave them to inherit.
2 Their inheritance was 2by lot, just as the LORD had commanded by the hand of Moses for the nine and one-half tribes.
3 3For Moses had given an inheritance to the two and one-half tribes beyond the Jordan, 4but to the Levites he gave no inheritance among them.
4 For 5the people of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim. And no portion was given to the Levites in the land, but only cities to dwell in, with their pasturelands for their livestock and their substance.
5 The people of Israel did 6as the LORD commanded Moses; they allotted the land.

Caleb's Request and Inheritance

6 Then the people of Judah came to Joshua at Gilgal. And Caleb the son of Jephunneh the 7Kenizzite said to him, "You know 8what the LORD said to Moses the man of God in Kadesh-barnea concerning you and me.
7 I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the LORD 9sent me from Kadesh-barnea to spy out the land, and I brought him word again as it was in my heart.
8 But 10my brothers who went up with me made the heart of the people melt; yet I wholly followed the LORD my God.
9 And Moses swore on that day, saying, 11'Surely the land 12on which your foot has trodden shall be an inheritance for you and your children forever, because you have wholly followed the LORD my God.'
10 And now, behold, the LORD has kept me alive, 13just as he said, these 14forty-five years since the time that the LORD spoke this word to Moses, while Israel walked in the wilderness. And now, behold, I am this day 15eighty-five years old.
11 16I am still as strong today as I was in the day that Moses sent me; my strength now is as my strength was then, for war and 17for going and coming.
12 So now give me this hill country of which the LORD spoke on that day, for you heard on that day how the 18Anakim were there, with great fortified cities. It may be that the LORD will be with me, and I shall drive them out just as the LORD said."
13 Then Joshua 19blessed him, and he gave 20Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh for an inheritance.
14 Therefore Hebron became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite to this day, 21because he wholly followed the LORD, the God of Israel.
15 22Now the name of Hebron formerly was Kiriath-arba.[a] (Arba[b] was the greatest man among the Anakim.) 23And the land had rest from war.

Joshua 14 Commentary

Chapter 14

The nine tribes and a half to have their inheritance. (1-5) Caleb obtains Hebron. (6-15)

Verses 1-5 The Israelites must occupy the new conquests. Canaan would have been subdued in vain, if it had not been inhabited. Yet every man might not go and settle where he pleased. God shall choose our inheritance for us. Let us survey our heritage of present mercy, our prospect for the land of promise, eternal in the heavens. Is God any respecter of persons? Is it not better that our place, as to earthly good or sorrow, should be determined by the infinite wisdom of our heavenly Father, than by our own ignorance? Should not those for whom the great mystery of godliness was exhibited, those whose redemption was purchased by Jesus Christ, thankfully refer their earthly concerns to his appointment?

Verses 6-15 Caleb's request is, "Give me this mountain," or Hebron, because it was formerly in God's promise to him, and he would let Israel knows how much he valued the promise. Those who live by faith value that which is given by God's promise, far above what is given by his providence only. It was now in the Anakims' possession, and Caleb would let Israel know how little he feared the enemy, and that he would encourage them to push on their conquests. Caleb answered to his name, which signifies "all heart." Hebron was settled on Caleb and his heirs, because he wholly followed the Lord God of Israel. Happy are we if we follow him. Singular piety shall be crowned with singular favour.

Cross References 23

  • 1. Joshua 17:4; Joshua 21:1; Numbers 34:17, 18
  • 2. Numbers 26:56; Numbers 33:54; Numbers 34:13
  • 3. See Joshua 13:8
  • 4. See Joshua 13:33
  • 5. Genesis 48:5; 1 Chronicles 5:1, 2
  • 6. Joshua 21:2; Numbers 35:1, 2
  • 7. ver. 13, 14; Numbers 32:12; [Joshua 15:17]
  • 8. Numbers 14:24, 30; Deuteronomy 1:36, 38
  • 9. Num. 13:6, 16, 30; Numbers 14:6-9
  • 10. Deuteronomy 1:28; See Numbers 13:31-33
  • 11. Numbers 14:24; Deuteronomy 1:36
  • 12. Joshua 1:3
  • 13. Numbers 14:30
  • 14. [ver. 7]
  • 15. [ver. 7]
  • 16. [Deuteronomy 34:7]
  • 17. Deuteronomy 31:2
  • 18. Numbers 13:28, 33
  • 19. Joshua 22:6
  • 20. Joshua 10:36, 37; Joshua 15:13, 14; Joshua 21:11, 12; Judges 1:20; 1 Chronicles 6:55, 56
  • 21. ver. 8, 9
  • 22. ver. 13; Genesis 23:2; Genesis 35:27; Judges 1:10; See Joshua 10:36
  • 23. See Joshua 11:23

Footnotes 2

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO JOSHUA 14

This chapter proceeds to give an account of the countries divided to the children of Israel in the land of Canaan, Jos 14:1-5; but previous to that division relates the claim of Caleb to Hebron, through a promise made unto him by Moses forty five years ago, upon his report of the good land, whither he was sent a spy by him, Jos 14:6-12; and the grant which Joshua made of it to him, with his blessing, Jos 14:13-15.

Joshua 14 Commentaries