Joshua 8:1

The Fall of Ai

1 And the LORD said to Joshua, 1"Do not fear and do not be dismayed. Take all the fighting men with you, and arise, go up to Ai. See, 2I have given into your hand the king of Ai, and his people, his city, and his land.

Joshua 8:1 Meaning and Commentary

Joshua 8:1

And the Lord said unto Joshua
Immediately after the execution of Achan, the fierceness of his anger being turned away:

fear not, neither be thou dismayed;
on account of the defeat of his troops he had sent to take Ai:

take all the people of war with thee;
all above twenty years of age, which, with the forty thousand of the tribes on the other side Jordan he brought over with him, must make an arm, five hundred thousand men; these Joshua was to take with so much to animate and encourage him, or to terrify the enemy, nor because such a number was necessary for the reduction of Ai, which was but a small city; but that all might have a part in the spoil and plunder of it, which they were denied at Jericho, and chiefly to draw all the men out of the city, seeing such a numerous host approaching:

and arise, go up to Ai;
which lay high, and Joshua being now in the plains of Jericho, (See Gill on Joshua 7:2);

see, I have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and
his city, and his land;
this city, though a small one, had a king over it, as most cities in the land of Canaan had; the number of his people in it were twelve thousand, and his land were the fields about it; all which were given to Joshua by the Lord, and were as sure as if he had them already in his hand.

Joshua 8:1 In-Context

1 And the LORD said to Joshua, "Do not fear and do not be dismayed. Take all the fighting men with you, and arise, go up to Ai. See, I have given into your hand the king of Ai, and his people, his city, and his land.
2 And you shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king. Only its spoil and its livestock you shall take as plunder for yourselves. Lay an ambush against the city, behind it."
3 So Joshua and all the fighting men arose to go up to Ai. And Joshua chose 30,000 mighty men of valor and sent them out by night.
4 And he commanded them, "Behold, you shall lie in ambush against the city, behind it. Do not go very far from the city, but all of you remain ready.
5 And I and all the people who are with me will approach the city. And when they come out against us just as before, we shall flee before them.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Joshua 1:9; Joshua 10:25; Deuteronomy 1:21; Deuteronomy 7:18; Deuteronomy 31:8
  • 2. Joshua 2:24; Joshua 6:2