Luke 10

Listen to Luke 10

Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two

1 After this the Lord appointed 1seventy-two[a] others and 2sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go.
2 3And he said to them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few. 4Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.
3 Go your way; 5behold, I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves.
4 6Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and 7greet no one on the road.
5 Whatever house you enter, first say, 8'Peace be to this house!'
6 And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, 9it will return to you.
7 And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for 10the laborer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house.
8 Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you.
9 Heal the sick in it and say to them, 11'The kingdom of God has come near to you.'
10 But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say,
11 12'Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that 13the kingdom of God has come near.'
12 I tell you, 14it will be more bearable on 15that day for Sodom than for that town.

Woe to Unrepentant Cities

13 16"Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works done in you had been done in 17Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
14 18But it will be more bearable in the judgment for 19Tyre and Sidon than for you.
15 And you, Capernaum, 20will you be exalted to heaven? You shall be brought down to 21Hades.
16 22"The one who hears you hears me, and 23the one who rejects you rejects me, and 24the one who rejects me rejects him who sent me."

The Return of the Seventy-Two

17 25The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, "Lord, 26even the demons are subject to us in your name!"
18 And he said to them, 27"I saw Satan 28fall like lightning from heaven.
19 Behold, I have given you authority 29to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of 30the enemy, and 31nothing shall hurt you.
20 32Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that 33your names are written in heaven."

Jesus Rejoices in the Father's Will

21 34In that same hour 35he rejoiced 36in the Holy Spirit and said, "I thank you, Father, 37Lord of heaven and earth, that 38you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and 39revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for 40such was your gracious will.[b]
22 41All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is 42except the Father, or who the Father is 43except the Son and anyone 44to whom the Son chooses to reveal him."
23 Then turning to the disciples he said privately, 45"Blessed are the eyes that see what you see!
24 For I tell you 46that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it."

The Parable of the Good Samaritan

25 47And behold, a 48lawyer stood up to 49put him to the test, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to 50inherit eternal life?"
26 He said to him, "What is written in the Law? How do you read it?"
27 And he answered, 51"You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and 52your neighbor as yourself."
28 And he said to him, "You have answered correctly; 53do this, and you will live."
29 But he, 54desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"
30 Jesus replied, "A man 55was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead.
31 Now by chance a 56priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side.
32 So likewise 57a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side.
33 But a 58Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion.
34 He went to him and 59bound up his wounds, pouring on 60oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him.
35 And the next day he took out two 61denarii[c] and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, 'Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.'
36 Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?"
37 He said, "The one who showed him mercy." And Jesus said to him, "You go, and do likewise."

Martha and Mary

38 Now as they went on their way, Jesus[d] entered a village. And a woman named 62Martha 63welcomed him into her house.
39 And she had a sister called 64Mary, who 65sat at the Lord's feet and listened to his teaching.
40 But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, "Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me."
41 But the Lord answered her, "Martha, Martha, you are 66anxious and troubled about many things,
42 but one thing is necessary.[e] Mary has chosen 67the good portion, which will not be taken away from her."

Luke 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

Seventy disciples sent forth. (1-16) The blessedness of Christ's disciples. (17-24) The good Samaritan. (25-37) Jesus at the house of Martha and Mary. (38-42)

Verses 1-16 Christ sent the seventy disciples, two and two, that they might strengthen and encourage one another. The ministry of the gospel calls men to receive Christ as a Prince and a Saviour; and he will surely come in the power of his Spirit to all places whither he sends his faithful servants. But the doom of those who receive the grace of God in vain, will be very fearful Those who despise the faithful ministers of Christ, who think meanly of them, and look scornfully upon them, will be reckoned as despisers of God and Christ.

Verses 17-24 All our victories over Satan, are obtained by power derived from Jesus Christ, and he must have all the praise. But let us beware of spiritual pride, which has been the destruction of many. Our Lord rejoiced at the prospect of the salvation of many souls. It was fit that particular notice should be taken of that hour of joy; there were few such, for He was a man of sorrows: in that hour in which he saw Satan fall, and heard of the good success of his ministers, in that hour he rejoiced. He has ever resisted the proud, and given grace to the humble. The more simply dependent we are on the teaching, help, and blessing of the Son of God, the more we shall know both of the Father and of the Son; the more blessed we shall be in seeing the glory, and hearing the words of the Divine Saviour; and the more useful we shall be made in promoting his cause.

Verses 25-37 If we speak of eternal life, and the way to it, in a careless manner, we take the name of God in vain. No one will ever love God and his neighbour with any measure of pure, spiritual love, who is not made a partaker of converting grace. But the proud heart of man strives hard against these convictions. Christ gave an instance of a poor Jew in distress, relieved by a good Samaritan. This poor man fell among thieves, who left him about to die of his wounds. He was slighted by those who should have been his friends, and was cared for by a stranger, a Samaritan, of the nation which the Jews most despised and detested, and would have no dealings with. It is lamentable to observe how selfishness governs all ranks; how many excuses men will make to avoid trouble or expense in relieving others. But the true Christian has the law of love written in his heart. The Spirit of Christ dwells in him; Christ's image is renewed in his soul. The parable is a beautiful explanation of the law of loving our neighbour as ourselves, without regard to nation, party, or any other distinction. It also sets forth the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward sinful, miserable men. We were like this poor, distressed traveller. Satan, our enemy, has robbed us, and wounded us: such is the mischief sin has done us. The blessed Jesus had compassion on us. The believer considers that Jesus loved him, and gave his life for him, when an enemy and a rebel; and having shown him mercy, he bids him go and do likewise. It is the duty of us all , in our places, and according to our ability, to succour, help, and relieve all that are in distress and necessity.

Verses 38-42 A good sermon is not the worse for being preached in a house; and the visits of our friends should be so managed, as to make them turn to the good of their souls. Sitting at Christ's feet, signifies readiness to receive his word, and submission to the guidance of it. Martha was providing for the entertainment of Christ, and those that came with him. Here were respect to our Lord Jesus and right care of her household affairs. But there was something to be blamed. She was for much serving; plenty, variety, and exactness. Worldly business is a snare to us, when it hinders us from serving God, and getting good to our souls. What needless time is wasted, and expense often laid out, even in entertaining professors of the gospel! Though Martha was on this occasion faulty, yet she was a true believer, and in her general conduct did not neglect the one thing needful. The favour of God is needful to our happiness; the salvation of Christ is needful to our safety. Where this is attended to, all other things will be rightly pursued. Christ declared, Mary hath chosen the good part. For one thing is needful, this one thing that she has done, to give up herself to the guidance of Christ. The things of this life will be taken away from us, at the furthest, when we shall be taken away from them; but nothing shall separate from the love of Christ, and a part in that love. Men and devils cannot take it away from us, and God and Christ will not. Let us mind the one thing needful more diligently.

Cross References 67

  • 1. Exodus 24:1, 9; Numbers 11:16
  • 2. [Luke 9:2, 52]
  • 3. Matthew 9:37, 38; John 4:35
  • 4. [2 Thessalonians 3:1]
  • 5. Matthew 10:16; [John 17:18]
  • 6. For ver. 4-12, [Luke 9:1-5; Luke 22:35; Matthew 10:9-15; Mark 6:8-11]
  • 7. 2 Kings 4:29
  • 8. 1 Samuel 25:6
  • 9. [Psalms 35:13(Heb.)]
  • 10. See 1 Timothy 5:18
  • 11. ver. 11; See Matthew 3:2
  • 12. Acts 13:51; [Nehemiah 5:13; Acts 18:6]
  • 13. ver. 9
  • 14. See Matthew 10:15
  • 15. Matthew 7:22
  • 16. For ver. 13-15, see Matthew 11:21-23
  • 17. [Isaiah 23; Ezekiel 28:2-24; Amos 1:9, 10]
  • 18. [Luke 12:47, 48]
  • 19. [See ver. 13 above]
  • 20. Cited from Isaiah 14:13-15
  • 21. Luke 16:23; Acts 2:27
  • 22. See Matthew 10:40
  • 23. John 12:48; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; [Matthew 25:45]
  • 24. John 5:23
  • 25. ver. 1
  • 26. See Mark 16:17
  • 27. [John 12:31; John 16:11; Colossians 2:15; Revelation 12:8, 9]
  • 28. [Isaiah 14:12; Revelation 9:1]
  • 29. Psalms 91:13; Mark 16:18; Acts 28:5
  • 30. Matthew 13:39
  • 31. Luke 21:18; [Romans 8:28, 39]
  • 32. [Matthew 7:22, 23]
  • 33. Exodus 32:32, 33; Psalms 69:28; Isaiah 4:3; Ezekiel 13:9; Daniel 12:1; Philippians 4:3; Hebrews 12:23
  • 34. For ver. 21, 22, see Matthew 11:25-27
  • 35. [Isaiah 53:11]
  • 36. [Mark 12:36]
  • 37. See Acts 17:24
  • 38. Job 37:24; 1 Corinthians 1:19-27; 2 Corinthians 3:14
  • 39. Psalms 8:2; Matthew 21:16; [Luke 8:10; Matthew 16:17]
  • 40. [Luke 12:32]
  • 41. John 1:18; John 6:46; John 7:29; John 8:19; John 10:15; John 17:25; See Matthew 28:18
  • 42. John 1:18; John 6:46; John 7:29; John 8:19; John 10:15; John 17:25; See Matthew 28:18
  • 43. John 1:18; John 6:46; John 7:29; John 8:19; John 10:15; John 17:25; See Matthew 28:18
  • 44. [John 17:26]
  • 45. Matthew 13:16, 17; [Matthew 16:17]
  • 46. Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 1:10-12; [John 8:56]
  • 47. For ver. 25-28, [Luke 18:18-20; Matthew 19:16-19; Matthew 22:34-39; Mark 10:17-19]
  • 48. See Luke 7:30
  • 49. See John 8:6
  • 50. Matthew 19:29; Matthew 25:34, 46
  • 51. Matthew 22:37; Mark 12:30; Cited from Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 52. Cited from Leviticus 19:18; See Matthew 19:19
  • 53. Leviticus 18:5; Nehemiah 9:29; Ezekiel 20:11; Romans 10:5; Galatians 3:12
  • 54. Luke 16:15
  • 55. [Luke 18:31; Luke 19:28]
  • 56. John 1:19; [Numbers 8:19]
  • 57. [See ver. 31 above]
  • 58. See Matthew 10:5
  • 59. Isaiah 1:6
  • 60. Isaiah 1:6
  • 61. See Matthew 18:28
  • 62. John 11:1, 19, 20; John 12:2, 3
  • 63. Luke 19:6
  • 64. [See ver. 38 above]
  • 65. Luke 8:35; [Acts 22:3]
  • 66. [1 Corinthians 7:32-34]; See Luke 12:22
  • 67. Psalms 16:5

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. Some manuscripts seventy; also verse 17
  • [b]. Or for so it pleased you well
  • [c]. A denarius was a day's wage for a laborer
  • [d]. Greek he
  • [e]. Some manuscripts few things are necessary, or only one

Luke 10 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.