Luke 19

Listen to Luke 19

Jesus and Zacchaeus

1 1He entered Jericho and was passing through.
2 And there was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector and was rich.
3 And 2he was seeking to see who Jesus was, but on account of the crowd he could not, because he was small of stature.
4 So he ran on ahead and climbed up into 3a sycamore tree to see him, for he was about to pass that way.
5 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up and said to him, "Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for 4I must stay at your house today."
6 So he hurried and came down and 5received him joyfully.
7 And when they saw it, they all 6grumbled, "He has gone in to be the guest of a man who is a sinner."
8 And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Behold, Lord, the half of my goods 7I give to the poor. And if I have 8defrauded anyone of anything, I restore it 9fourfold."
9 And Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, since 10he also is a son of Abraham.
10 For 11the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost."

The Parable of the Ten Minas

11 As they heard these things, he proceeded to tell a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem, and because 12they supposed that the kingdom of God was to appear immediately.
12 He said therefore, 13"A nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and then return.
13 Calling 14ten of his servants,[a] he gave them ten minas,[b] and said to them, 'Engage in business 15until I come.'
14 But 16his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, 'We do not want this man to reign over us.'
15 When he returned, having received the kingdom, he ordered these servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, that he might know what they had gained by doing business.
16 The first came before him, saying, 'Lord, your mina has made ten minas more.'
17 And he said to him, 'Well done, good servant![c] Because you have been 17faithful in a very little, 18you shall have authority over ten cities.'
18 And the second came, saying, 'Lord, your mina has made five minas.'
19 And he said to him, 'And you are to be over five cities.'
20 Then another came, saying, 'Lord, here is your mina, which I kept laid away in 19a handkerchief;
21 for I was afraid of you, because you are 20a severe man. You take 21what you did not deposit, and reap what you did not sow.'
22 He said to him, 22'I will condemn you with your own words, 23you wicked servant! You knew that I was 24a severe man, taking what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow?
23 Why then did you not put my money in the bank, and at my coming I might have collected it with interest?'
24 And he said to those who stood by, 'Take the mina from him, and give it to the one who has the ten minas.'
25 And they said to him, 'Lord, he has ten minas!'
26 'I tell you that 25to everyone who has, more will be given, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.
27 But 26as for these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and 27slaughter them before me.'"

The Triumphal Entry

28 And when he had said these things, 28he went on ahead, 29going up to Jerusalem.
29 30When he drew near to Bethphage and 31Bethany, at 32the mount that is called Olivet, he sent 33two of the disciples,
30 saying, "Go into the village in front of you, where on entering you will find a colt tied, 34on which no one has ever yet sat. Untie it and bring it here.
31 If anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying it?' you shall say this: 'The Lord has need of it.'"
32 So those who were sent went away and found it 35just as he had told them.
33 And as they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, "Why are you untying the colt?"
34 And they said, "The Lord has need of it."
35 And they brought it to Jesus, and throwing their cloaks on the colt, they set Jesus on it.
36 And as he rode along, they 36spread their cloaks on the road.
37 As he was drawing near--already on the way down the Mount of Olives--37the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice 38for all the mighty works that they had seen,
38 saying, 39"Blessed is 40the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and 41glory in the highest!"
39 42And some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples."
40 He answered, "I tell you, if these were silent, 43the very stones would cry out."

Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem

41 44And when he drew near and saw the city, 45he wept over it,
42 saying, 46"Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! But now 47they are hidden from your eyes.
43 For 48the days will come upon you, when your enemies 49will set up a barricade around you and 50surround you and hem you in on every side
44 51and tear you down to the ground, you and your children within you. And 52they will not leave one stone upon another in you, because you did not know 53the time of your 54visitation."

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

45 55And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold,
46 saying to them, "It is written, 56'My house shall be a house of prayer,' but 57you have made it a den of robbers."
47 58And he was teaching daily in the temple. 59The chief priests and the scribes and the principal men of the people were seeking to destroy him,
48 but they did not find anything they could do, for all the people were hanging on his words.

Luke 19 Commentary

Chapter 19

The conversion of Zaccheus. (1-10) The parable of the nobleman and his servants. (11-27) Christ enters Jerusalem. (28-40) Christ laments over Jerusalem. (41-48)

Verses 1-10 Those who sincerely desire a sight of Christ, like Zaccheus, will break through opposition, and take pains to see him. Christ invited himself to Zaccheus' house. Wherever Christ comes he opens the heart, and inclines it to receive him. He that has a mind to know Christ, shall be known of him. Those whom Christ calls, must humble themselves, and come down. We may well receive him joyfully, who brings all good with him. Zaccheus gave proofs publicly that he was become a true convert. He does not look to be justified by his works, as the Pharisee; but by his good works he will, through the grace of God, show the sincerity of his faith and repentance. Zaccheus is declared to be a happy man, now he is turned from sin to God. Now that he is saved from his sins, from the guilt of them, from the power of them, all the benefits of salvation are his. Christ is come to his house, and where Christ comes he brings salvation with him. He came into this lost world to seek and to save it. His design was to save, when there was no salvation in any other. He seeks those that sought him not, and asked not for him.

Verses 11-27 This parable is like that of the talents, ( Matthew 25 ) . Those that are called to Christ, he furnishes with gifts needful for their business; and from those to whom he gives power, he expects service. The manifestation of the Spirit is given to ( 1 Corinthians. 12:7 ) ( 1 Peter. 4:10 ) account required, resembles that in the parable of the talents; and the punishment of the avowed enemies of Christ, as well as of false professors, is shown. The principal difference is, that the pound given to each seems to point out the gift of the gospel, which is the same to all who hear it; but the talents, distributed more or less, seem to mean that God gives different capacities and advantages to men, by which this one gift of the gospel may be differently improved.

Verses 28-40 Christ has dominion over all creatures, and may use them as he pleases. He has all men's hearts both under his eye and in his hand. Christ's triumphs, and his disciples' joyful praises, vex proud Pharisees, who are enemies to him and to his kingdom. But Christ, as he despises the contempt of the proud, so he accepts the praises of the humble. Pharisees would silence the praises of Christ, but they cannot; for as God can out of stones raise up children unto Abraham, and turn the stony heart to himself, so he can bring praise out of the mouths of children. And what will be the feelings of men when the Lord returns in glory to judge the world!

Verses 41-48 Who can behold the holy Jesus, looking forward to the miseries that awaited his murderers, weeping over the city where his precious blood was about to be shed, without seeing that the likeness of God in the believer, consists much in good-will and compassion? Surely those cannot be right who take up any doctrines of truth, so as to be hardened towards their fellow-sinners. But let every one remember, that though Jesus wept over Jerusalem, he executed awful vengeance upon it. Though he delights not in the death of a sinner, yet he will surely bring to pass his awful threatenings on those who neglect his salvation. The Son of God did not weep vain and causeless tears, nor for a light matter, nor for himself. He knows the value of souls, the weight of guilt, and how low it will press and sink mankind. May he then come and cleanse our hearts by his Spirit, from all that defiles. May sinners, on every side, become attentive to the words of truth and salvation.

Cross References 59

  • 1. Luke 18:35; [Matthew 20:29; Mark 10:46]
  • 2. [John 12:21]
  • 3. 1 Kings 10:27; 1 Chronicles 27:28; Psalms 78:47; Isaiah 9:10
  • 4. [Luke 13:33]
  • 5. Luke 10:38
  • 6. See Luke 15:2
  • 7. [Luke 18:22]
  • 8. Luke 3:14
  • 9. Exodus 22:1; 2 Samuel 12:6
  • 10. John 8:33; Rom. 4:11, 12, 16; Galatians 3:7
  • 11. Ezekiel 34:11, 16; [Luke 15:4; Matthew 9:13; Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24; Matthew 18:12]
  • 12. [Luke 17:20; Acts 1:6]
  • 13. For ver. 12-27, [Matthew 25:14-30; Mark 13:34]
  • 14. Matthew 25:1
  • 15. [John 21:22, 23]
  • 16. [John 1:14]
  • 17. Luke 16:10; 1 Corinthians 4:2; [1 Timothy 3:13]
  • 18. [Matthew 24:47]
  • 19. John 11:44; John 20:7; Acts 19:12(Gk.)
  • 20. [1 Samuel 25:3]
  • 21. [2 Corinthians 8:12]
  • 22. 2 Samuel 1:16; Job 9:20; Job 15:6
  • 23. Matthew 18:32
  • 24. [See ver. 21 above]
  • 25. [Luke 12:48]; See Matthew 13:12
  • 26. [See ver. 14 above]
  • 27. Luke 20:16; Matthew 22:7; [1 Samuel 15:33]
  • 28. Mark 10:32
  • 29. See Luke 9:51; Luke 10:30
  • 30. For ver. 29-38, see Matthew 21:1-9; Mark 11:1-10; John 12:12-15; [Zechariah 9:9]
  • 31. Luke 24:50; Matthew 21:17; John 11:18
  • 32. Zechariah 14:4; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 26:30; [John 8:1]; [Acts 1:12]
  • 33. [Mark 14:13]
  • 34. [Luke 23:53]
  • 35. Luke 22:13
  • 36. 2 Kings 9:13
  • 37. [Luke 18:43]
  • 38. [John 12:17, 18]
  • 39. Luke 13:35; Cited from Psalms 118:26
  • 40. See Matthew 25:34; John 1:49
  • 41. Luke 2:14; [Psalms 148:1]
  • 42. [Matthew 21:15, 16]
  • 43. Habakkuk 2:11
  • 44. For ver. 41-44, [Luke 13:34, 35; Luke 23:28-31]
  • 45. [John 11:35; Hebrews 5:7]
  • 46. [Deuteronomy 32:29]
  • 47. [John 12:40]
  • 48. See Luke 17:22
  • 49. Isaiah 29:3; Isaiah 37:33; Jeremiah 6:6; Ezekiel 4:2; Ezekiel 26:8
  • 50. Luke 21:20
  • 51. [Psalms 137:9; Hosea 13:16; Nahum 3:10]
  • 52. Luke 21:6
  • 53. [Daniel 9:24]
  • 54. 1 Peter 2:12
  • 55. For ver. 45-47, see Matthew 21:12-16; Mark 11:15-18; [John 2:14-16]
  • 56. Cited from Isaiah 56:7
  • 57. Jeremiah 7:11
  • 58. Luke 20:1; See Matthew 26:55
  • 59. See Matthew 21:46

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Greek bondservants; also verse 15
  • [b]. A mina was about three months' wages for a laborer
  • [c]. Greek bondservant; also verse 22

Luke 19 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.