Mark 10

Listen to Mark 10

Teaching About Divorce

1 1And he left there and went 2to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan, and crowds gathered to him again. And again, as was his custom, he taught them.
2 And Pharisees came up and in order 3to test him asked, 4"Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?"
3 He answered them, "What did Moses command you?"
4 They said, 5"Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of divorce and to send her away."
5 And Jesus said to them, "Because of your 6hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.
6 But 7from the beginning of creation, 'God made them 8male and female.'
7 9'Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife,[a]
8 and 10the two shall become one flesh.' So they are no longer two but one flesh.
9 11What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate."
10 And in the house the disciples asked him again about this matter.
11 And he said to them, 12"Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her,
12 and 13if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery."

Let the Children Come to Me

13 14And they were bringing children to him that he might touch them, and the disciples 15rebuked them.
14 But when Jesus saw it, he was indignant and said to them, 16"Let the children come to me; 17do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God.
15 18Truly, I say to you, whoever does not 19receive the kingdom of God like a child shall not enter it."
16 And 20he took them in his arms and blessed them, 21laying his hands on them.

The Rich Young Man

17 22And as he was setting out on his journey, a man ran up and 23knelt before him and asked him, "Good Teacher, what must I do to 24inherit eternal life?"
18 And Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone.
19 You know the commandments: 25'Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.'"
20 And he said to him, "Teacher, 26all these I have kept from my youth."
21 And Jesus, 27looking at him, 28loved him, and said to him, "You lack one thing: go, 29sell all that you have and give to the poor, and you will have 30treasure in heaven; and come, follow me."
22 31Disheartened by the saying, he went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions.
23 And Jesus 32looked around and said to his disciples, 33"How difficult it will be for those who have wealth to enter 34the kingdom of God!"
24 And the disciples 35were amazed at his words. But Jesus said to them again, 36"Children, 37how difficult it is[b] to enter 38the kingdom of God!
25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter 39the kingdom of God."
26 And they were exceedingly astonished, and said to him,[c]"Then who can be saved?"
27 Jesus 40looked at them and said, 41"With man it is impossible, but not with God. For all things are possible with God."
28 Peter began to say to him, "See, 42we have left everything and followed you."
29 Jesus said, "Truly, I say to you, 43there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my sake and 44for the gospel,
30 who will not receive a hundredfold 45now in this time, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, 46with persecutions, and in 47the age to come eternal life.
31 But 48many who are first will be last, and the last first."

Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time

32 49And they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and 50Jesus was walking ahead of them. And 51they were amazed, and those who followed were afraid. And taking the twelve again, he began to tell them what was to happen to him,
33 saying, "See, 52we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will 53condemn him to death and 54deliver him over to the Gentiles.
34 And they will 55mock him and 56spit on him, and flog him and kill him. And 57after three days he will rise."

The Request of James and John

35 58And James and John, 59the sons of Zebedee, came up to him and said to him, "Teacher, we want you to do for us 60whatever we ask of you."
36 And he said to them, 61"What do you want me to do for you?"
37 And they said to him, "Grant us 62to sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, 63in your glory."
38 Jesus said to them, 64"You do not know what you are asking. Are you able 65to drink the cup that I drink, or 66to be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized?"
39 And they said to him, "We are able." And Jesus said to them, 67"The cup that I drink 68you will drink, and with the baptism with which I am baptized, 69you will be baptized,
40 but to sit at my right hand or at my left is not mine to grant, 70but it is for those for whom it has been 71prepared."
41 And when the ten heard it, they began to be indignant at James and John.
42 72And Jesus called them to him and said to them, "You know that those who are considered rulers of the Gentiles 73lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them.
43 But 74it shall not be so among you. But whoever would be great among you must be your servant,[d]
44 and whoever would be first among you must be 75slave[e] of all.
45 For even the Son of Man came not to be served but 76to serve, and 77to give his life as a ransom for 78many."

Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus

46 79And they came to Jericho. And 80as he was leaving Jericho with his disciples and a great crowd, Bartimaeus, 81a blind beggar, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the roadside.
47 And when he heard that it was 82Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!"
48 And many 83rebuked him, telling him to be silent. But he cried out all the more, "Son of David, have mercy on me!"
49 And Jesus stopped and said, "Call him." And they called the blind man, saying to him, 84"Take heart. Get up; he is calling you."
50 And throwing off his 85cloak, he sprang up and came to Jesus.
51 And Jesus said to him, 86"What do you want me to do for you?" And the blind man said to him, 87"Rabbi, let me recover my sight."
52 And Jesus said to him, "Go your way; 88your faith has 89made you well." And immediately he recovered his sight and followed him on the way.

Mark 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

The Pharisees' question concerning divorce. (1-12) Christ's love to little children. (13-16) Christ's discourse with the rich young man. (17-22) The hinderance of riches. (23-31) Christ foretells his sufferings. (32-45) Bartimeus healed. (46-52)

Verses 1-12 Wherever Jesus was, the people flocked after him in crowds, and he taught them. Preaching was Christ's constant practice. He here shows that the reason why Moses' law allowed divorce, was such that they ought not to use the permission; it was only for the hardness of their hearts. God himself joined man and wife together; he has fitted them to be comforts and helps for each other. The bond which God has tied, is not to be lightly untied. Let those who are for putting away their wives consider what would become of themselves, if God should deal with them in like manner.

Verses 13-16 Some parents or nurses brought little children to Christ, that he should touch them, in token of his blessing them. It does not appear that they needed bodily cures, nor were they capable of being taught: but those who had the care of them believed that Christ's blessing would do their souls good; therefore they brought them to him. Jesus ordered that they should be brought to him, and that nothing should be said or done to hinder it. Children should be directed to the Saviour as soon as they are able to understand his words. Also, we must receive the kingdom of God as little children; we must stand affected to Christ and his grace, as little children to their parents, nurses, and teachers.

Verses 17-22 This young ruler showed great earnestness. He asked what he should do now, that he might be happy for ever. Most ask for good to be had in this world; any good, ( Psalms 4:6 ) ; he asks for good to be done in this world, in order to enjoy the greatest good in the other world. Christ encouraged this address by assisting his faith, and by directing his practice. But here is a sorrowful parting between Jesus and this young man. He asks Christ what he shall do more than he has done, to obtain eternal life; and Christ puts it to him, whether he has indeed that firm belief of, and that high value for eternal life which he seems to have. Is he willing to bear a present cross, in expectation of future crown? The young man was sorry he could not be a follower of Christ upon easier terms; that he could not lay hold on eternal life, and keep hold of his worldly possessions too. He went away grieved. See ( Matthew 6:24 ) , Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

Verses 23-31 Christ took this occasion to speak to his disciples about the difficulty of the salvation of those who have abundance of this world. Those who thus eagerly seek the wealth of the world, will never rightly prize Christ and his grace. Also, as to the greatness of the salvation of those who have but little of this world, and leave it for Christ. The greatest trial of a good man's constancy is, when love to Jesus calls him to give up love to friends and relatives. Even when gainers by Christ, let them still expect to suffer for him, till they reach heaven. Let us learn contentment in a low state, and to watch against the love of riches in a high one. Let us pray to be enabled to part with all, if required, in Christ's service, and to use all we are allowed to keep in his service.

Verses 32-45 Christ's going on with his undertaking for the salvation of mankind, was, is, and will be, the wonder of all his disciples. Worldly honour is a glittering thing, with which the eyes of Christ's own disciples have many times been dazzled. Our care must be, that we may have wisdom and grace to know how to suffer with him; and we may trust him to provide what the degrees of our glory shall be. Christ shows them that dominion was generally abused in the world. If Jesus would gratify all our desires, it would soon appear that we desire fame or authority, and are unwilling to taste of his cup, or to have his baptism; and should often be ruined by having our prayers answered. But he loves us, and will only give his people what is good for them.

Verses 46-52 Bartimeus had heard of Jesus and his miracles, and learning that he was passing by, hoped to recover his eyesight. In coming to Christ for help and healing, we should look to him as the promised Messiah. The gracious calls Christ gives us to come to him, encourage our hope, that if we come to him we shall have what we come for. Those who would come to Jesus, must cast away the garment of their own sufficiency, must free themselves from every weight, and the sin that, like long garments, most easily besets them, ( Hebrews 12:1 ) . He begged that his eyes might be opened. It is very desirable to be able to earn our bread; and where God has given men limbs and senses, it is a shame, by foolishness and slothfulness, to make themselves, in effect, blind and lame. His eyes were opened. Thy faith has made thee whole: faith in Christ as the Son of David, and in his pity and power; not thy repeated words, but thy faith; Christ setting thy faith to work. Let sinners be exhorted to imitate blind Bartimeus. Where the gospel is preached, or the written words of truth circulated, Jesus is passing by, and this is the opportunity. It is not enough to come to Christ for spiritual healing, but, when we are healed, we must continue to follow him; that we may honour him, and receive instruction from him. Those who have spiritual eyesight, see that beauty in Christ which will draw them to run after him.

Cross References 89

  • 1. For ver. 1-12, see Matthew 19:1-9
  • 2. Luke 9:51; Luke 17:11; John 10:40; [Matthew 4:25]
  • 3. See John 8:6
  • 4. Matthew 5:31
  • 5. Deuteronomy 24:1-4
  • 6. Mark 16:14; [Mark 3:5; Mark 6:52; Hebrews 3:8]
  • 7. Mark 13:19; 2 Peter 3:4; [Romans 1:20]
  • 8. Cited from Genesis 1:27; Genesis 5:2
  • 9. Ephesians 5:31; Cited from Genesis 2:24
  • 10. 1 Corinthians 6:16; [Malachi 2:15]
  • 11. 1 Corinthians 7:10
  • 12. See Matthew 5:32
  • 13. 1 Corinthians 7:11, 13
  • 14. For ver. 13-16, see Matthew 19:13-15; Luke 18:15-17
  • 15. ver. 48
  • 16. Matthew 18:3
  • 17. [Mark 9:39]
  • 18. [John 3:3, 5]
  • 19. [Luke 8:13; James 1:21]
  • 20. Mark 9:36
  • 21. Revelation 1:17
  • 22. For ver. 17-30, see Matthew 19:16-29; Luke 18:18-30; [Luke 10:25-28]
  • 23. See Mark 1:40
  • 24. [Matthew 19:16]; See Matthew 25:34
  • 25. Romans 13:9; Cited from Exodus 20:12-16; Deuteronomy 5:16-20; [Matthew 5:21, 27]
  • 26. [Philippians 3:6]
  • 27. ver. 27; Luke 22:61; John 1:42; [Mark 3:5]
  • 28. [John 11:5; John 13:23]
  • 29. Luke 12:33; [Luke 16:9; Luke 19:8; Acts 2:45; Acts 4:34, 35; 1 Timothy 6:18, 19]
  • 30. Matthew 6:19, 20
  • 31. [Ezekiel 33:31]
  • 32. See Mark 3:5
  • 33. [1 Corinthians 1:26]; See Matthew 13:22
  • 34. See Matthew 12:28
  • 35. ver. 32
  • 36. Mark 2:5(Gk.); [John 13:33; John 21:5]
  • 37. Job 31:24; Psalms 49:6; Psalms 52:7; Proverbs 11:28; 1 Timothy 6:17
  • 38. [See ver. 23 above]
  • 39. [See ver. 23 above]
  • 40. ver. 23
  • 41. Mark 14:36; Genesis 18:14; Job 42:2; Jeremiah 32:17, 27; Luke 1:37
  • 42. Mark 1:18, 20; Matthew 4:20, 22
  • 43. [Luke 14:26]
  • 44. See Mark 8:35
  • 45. [Matthew 6:33]
  • 46. 2 Corinthians 12:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; 2 Timothy 3:11, 12; [John 15:20; Acts 14:22]
  • 47. Matthew 12:32; Ephesians 1:21; [Luke 20:35]
  • 48. See Matthew 19:30
  • 49. For ver. 32-34, see Matthew 20:17-19; Luke 18:31-33
  • 50. Luke 9:51; Luke 19:28
  • 51. ver. 24
  • 52. See Matthew 16:21
  • 53. Matthew 26:66; John 19:7
  • 54. Matthew 27:2; John 18:30, 31; Acts 3:13; [Acts 2:23; Acts 4:27; Acts 21:11]
  • 55. Matthew 27:26-31
  • 56. Mark 14:65; Mark 15:19; See Matthew 26:67
  • 57. See Mark 8:31
  • 58. For ver. 35-45, see Matthew 20:20-28
  • 59. Mark 1:19
  • 60. [Matthew 18:19]
  • 61. ver. 51
  • 62. [Matthew 19:28]
  • 63. [Luke 9:26]
  • 64. [Luke 9:33; Luke 23:34]
  • 65. Mark 14:36; Matthew 26:29, 42; Luke 22:42; John 18:11; [Isaiah 51:22]
  • 66. Luke 12:50
  • 67. [Romans 8:17; Philippians 3:10]
  • 68. Acts 12:2; Revelation 1:9
  • 69. [Romans 6:3]
  • 70. [Matthew 19:11]
  • 71. Matthew 25:34
  • 72. For ver. 42-45, [Mark 9:33-36; Luke 22:25-27]
  • 73. 1 Peter 5:3
  • 74. Matthew 23:11; [Luke 9:48]
  • 75. 2 Corinthians 4:5
  • 76. John 13:4, 13-15; Philippians 2:7; [2 Corinthians 8:9]
  • 77. Isaiah 53:10; Daniel 9:26; John 10:15; John 11:51, 52; Romans 4:25; Galatians 1:4; Galatians 2:20; 1 Timothy 2:6; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:18, 19
  • 78. Mark 14:24; Isaiah 53:11, 12; Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 9:28; [Romans 5:15; Revelation 5:9]
  • 79. For ver. 46-52, see Matthew 20:29-34; Luke 18:35-43
  • 80. [Luke 18:35; Luke 19:1]
  • 81. John 9:1, 8
  • 82. Mark 1:24
  • 83. Matthew 19:13
  • 84. John 16:33
  • 85. Mark 13:16(Gk.)
  • 86. ver. 36
  • 87. John 20:16
  • 88. Mark 5:34; Matthew 9:22; Luke 7:50; Luke 8:48; Luke 17:19
  • 89. Mark 5:23, 28; Mark 6:56

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. Some manuscripts omit and hold fast to his wife
  • [b]. Some manuscripts add for those who trust in riches
  • [c]. Some manuscripts to one another
  • [d]. Greek diakonos
  • [e]. Greek bondservant (doulos)

Mark 10 Commentaries