Matthew 2

Listen to Matthew 2

The Visit of the Wise Men

1 Now 1after Jesus was born in 2Bethlehem of Judea 3in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men[a] from 4the east came to Jerusalem,
2 saying, "Where is he who has been born 5king of the Jews? For we saw 6his star when it rose[b] and have come to 7worship him."
3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him;
4 and assembling all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where 8the Christ was to be born.
5 They told him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for so it is written by the prophet:
6 9"'And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will 10shepherd my people Israel.'"
7 Then Herod summoned the wise men secretly and ascertained from them what time the star had appeared.
8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, "Go and search diligently for the child, and when you have found him, bring me word, that I too may come and worship him."
9 After listening to the king, they went on their way. And behold, the star that they had seen when it rose went before them until it came to rest over the place where the child was.
10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy.
11 And going into the house they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Then, opening their treasures, 11they offered him gifts, 12gold and 13frankincense and 14myrrh.
12 And 15being warned 16in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way.

The Flight to Egypt

13 Now when they had departed, behold, 17an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, "Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him."
14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt
15 and remained there until the death of Herod. 18This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, 19"Out of Egypt I called my son."

Herod Kills the Children

16 Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, became furious, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time that he had ascertained from the wise men.
17 20Then was fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Jeremiah:
18 21"A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and loud lamentation, Rachel weeping for her children; she refused to be comforted, because they 22are no more."

The Return to Nazareth

19 But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
20 saying, "Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for 23those who sought the child's life are dead."
21 And he rose and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel.
22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and 24being warned in a dream he withdrew to the district of Galilee.
23 And he went and lived in a city called 25Nazareth, 26that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled: "He shall be called a Nazarene."

Images for Matthew 2

Matthew 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

The wise men's search after Christ. (1-8) The wise men worship Jesus. (9-12) Jesus carried into Egypt. (13-15) Herod causes the infants of Bethlehem to be massacred. (16-18) Death of Herod, Jesus brought to Nazareth. (19-23)

Verses 1-8 Those who live at the greatest distance from the means of grace often use most diligence, and learn to know the most of Christ and his salvation. But no curious arts, or mere human learning, can direct men unto him. We must learn of Christ by attending to the word of God, as a light that shineth in a dark place, and by seeking the teaching of the Holy Spirit. And those in whose hearts the day-star is risen, to give them any thing of the knowledge of Christ, make it their business to worship him. Though Herod was very old, and never had shown affection for his family, and was not himself likely to live till a new-born infant had grown up to manhood, he began to be troubled with the dread of a rival. He understood not the spiritual nature of the Messiah's kingdom. Let us beware of a dead faith. A man may be persuaded of many truths, and yet may hate them, because they interfere with his ambition, or sinful indulgences. Such a belief will make him uneasy, and the more resolved to oppose the truth and the cause of God; and he may be foolish enough to hope for success therein.

Verses 9-12 What joy these wise men felt upon this sight of the star, none know so well as those who, after a long and melancholy night of temptation and desertion, under the power of a spirit of bondage, at length receive the Spirit of adoption, witnessing with their spirits that they are the children of God. We may well think what a disappointment it was to them, when they found a cottage was his palace, and his own poor mother the only attendant he had. However, these wise men did not think themselves baffled; but having found the King they sought, they presented their gifts to him. The humble inquirer after Christ will not be stumbled at finding him and his disciples in obscure cottages, after having in vain sought them in palaces and populous cities. Is a soul busy, seeking after Christ? Would it worship him, and does it say, Alas! I am a foolish and poor creature, and have nothing to offer? Nothing! Hast thou not a heart, though unworthy of him, dark, hard, and foul? Give it to him as it is, and be willing that he use and dispose of it as it pleases him; he will take it, and will make it better, and thou shalt never repent having given it to him. He shall frame it to his own likeness, and will give thee himself, and be thine for ever. The gifts the wise men presented were gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Providence sent these as a seasonable relief to Joseph and Mary in their present poor condition. Thus our heavenly Father, who knows what his children need, uses some as stewards to supply the wants of others, and can provide for them, even from the ends of the earth.

Verses 13-15 Egypt had been a house of bondage to Israel, and particularly cruel to the infants of Israel; yet it is to be a place of refuge to the holy Child Jesus. God, when he pleases, can make the worst of places serve the best of purposes. This was a trial of the faith of Joseph and Mary. But their faith, being tried, was found firm. If we and our infants are at any time in trouble, let us remember the straits in which Christ was when an infant. ( 16-18 ) Herod killed all the male children, not only in Bethlehem, but in all the villages of that city. Unbridled wrath, armed with an unlawful power, often carries men to absurd cruelties. It was no unrighteous thing with God to permit this; every life is forfeited to his justice as soon as it begins. The diseases and deaths of little children are proofs of original sin. But the murder of these infants was their martyrdom. How early did persecution against Christ and his kingdom begin! Herod now thought that he had baffled the Old Testament prophecies, and the efforts of the wise men in finding Christ; but whatever crafty, cruel devices are in men's hearts, the counsel of the Lord shall stand.

Verses 19-23 Egypt may serve to sojourn in, or take shelter in, for awhile, but not to abide in. Christ was sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, to them he must return. Did we but look upon the world as our Egypt, the place of our bondage and banishment, and heaven only as our Canaan, our home, our rest, we should as readily arise and depart thither, when we are called for, as Joseph did out of Egypt. The family must settle in Galilee. Nazareth was a place held in bad esteem, and Christ was crucified with this accusation, Jesus the Nazarene. Wherever Providence allots the bounds of our habitation, we must expect to share the reproach of Christ; yet we may glory in being called by his name, sure that if we suffer with him, we shall also be glorified with him.

Cross References 26

  • 1. Luke 2:4-7
  • 2. Luke 2:15; John 7:42
  • 3. Luke 1:5
  • 4. [Genesis 25:6; 1 Kings 4:30]
  • 5. Matthew 27:11, 37; Jeremiah 23:5; Jeremiah 30:9; Zechariah 9:9
  • 6. [Numbers 24:17; Revelation 22:16]
  • 7. See Matthew 8:2
  • 8. See Matthew 1:17
  • 9. Cited from Micah 5:2
  • 10. Ezekiel 34:23; John 21:15-17; [2 Samuel 5:2; Revelation 7:17]
  • 11. [1 Samuel 9:7; Psalms 72:10]
  • 12. Isaiah 60:6
  • 13. Revelation 18:13
  • 14. Exodus 30:23; Psalms 45:8; John 19:39
  • 15. ver. 22; [ver. 13, 19]
  • 16. [Matthew 27:19; Genesis 20:6; Genesis 31:11; Numbers 12:6; Job 33:15]
  • 17. ver. 19; Matthew 1:20; [ver. 12, 22]
  • 18. See Matthew 1:22
  • 19. Cited from Hosea 11:1
  • 20. Matthew 27:9; [Matthew 1:22]
  • 21. Cited from Jeremiah 31:15
  • 22. Genesis 42:13, 36; Lamentations 5:7
  • 23. [Exodus 4:19]
  • 24. See ver. 12
  • 25. Matthew 4:13; Mark 1:9; Luke 1:26; Luke 2:39; Luke 4:16; John 1:45
  • 26. See Matthew 1:22

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Greek magi; also verses 7, 16
  • [b]. Or in the east; also verse 9

Matthew 2 Commentaries