Nehemiah 3

Listen to Nehemiah 3

Rebuilding the Wall

1 Then 1Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brothers the priests, and they built 2the Sheep Gate. They consecrated it and 3set its doors. They consecrated it as far as the Tower of the Hundred, as far as the 4Tower of Hananel.
2 And next to him 5the men of Jericho built. And next to them[a] Zaccur the son of Imri built.
3 The sons of Hassenaah built 6the Fish Gate. 7They laid its beams and 8set its doors, its bolts, and its bars.
4 And next to them 9Meremoth the son of Uriah, son of Hakkoz repaired. And next to them 10Meshullam the son of Berechiah, son of Meshezabel repaired. And next to them Zadok the son of Baana repaired.
5 And next to them 11the Tekoites repaired, but their nobles would not stoop to serve their Lord.[b]
6 Joiada the son of Paseah and Meshullam the son of Besodeiah 12repaired the Gate of Yeshanah.[c]13They laid its beams and 14set its doors, its bolts, and its bars.
7 And next to them repaired Melatiah the Gibeonite and Jadon the Meronothite, the men of Gibeon and of Mizpah, the seat of 15the governor of the province Beyond the River.
8 Next to them Uzziel the son of Harhaiah, goldsmiths, repaired. Next to him Hananiah, one of the perfumers, repaired, and they restored Jerusalem as far as 16the Broad Wall.
9 Next to them Rephaiah the son of Hur, 17ruler of half the district of[d] Jerusalem, repaired.
10 Next to them Jedaiah the son of Harumaph repaired opposite his house. And next to him Hattush the son of Hashabneiah repaired.
11 Malchijah the son of Harim and Hasshub the son of Pahath-moab repaired another section and 18the Tower of the Ovens.
12 Next to him Shallum the son of Hallohesh, 19ruler of half the district of Jerusalem, repaired, he and his daughters.
13 Hanun and the inhabitants of Zanoah repaired 20the Valley Gate. They rebuilt it and 21set its doors, its bolts, and its bars, and repaired a thousand cubits[e] of the wall, as far as 22the Dung Gate.
14 Malchijah the son of Rechab, ruler of the district of 23Beth-haccherem, repaired 24the Dung Gate. He rebuilt it and 25set its doors, its bolts, and its bars.
15 And Shallum the son of Col-hozeh, ruler of the district of Mizpah, repaired 26the Fountain Gate. He rebuilt it and covered it and 27set its doors, its bolts, and its bars. And he built the wall of 28the Pool of Shelah of 29the king's garden, as far as 30the stairs that go down from the city of David.
16 After him Nehemiah the son of Azbuk, ruler of half the district of Beth-zur, repaired to a point opposite 31the tombs of David, as far as 32the artificial pool, and as far as the house of the mighty men.
17 After him the Levites repaired: Rehum the son of Bani. Next to him Hashabiah, ruler of half the district of Keilah, repaired for his district.
18 After him their brothers repaired: Bavvai the son of Henadad, ruler of half the district of Keilah.
19 Next to him Ezer the son of Jeshua, ruler of Mizpah, repaired another section opposite the ascent to the armory at 33the buttress.[f]
20 After him Baruch the son of Zabbai repaired another section from the buttress to the door of the house of 34Eliashib the high priest.
21 After him 35Meremoth the son of Uriah, son of Hakkoz repaired another section from the door of the house of Eliashib to the end of the house of Eliashib.
22 After him the priests, the men of 36the surrounding area, repaired.
23 After them Benjamin and Hasshub repaired opposite their house. After them Azariah the son of Maaseiah, son of Ananiah repaired beside his own house.
24 After him Binnui the son of Henadad repaired another section, from the house of Azariah to the buttress
25 and to 37the corner. Palal the son of Uzai repaired opposite the buttress and the tower projecting from the upper house of the king at 38the court of the guard. After him Pedaiah the son of Parosh
26 39and the temple servants living on 40Ophel repaired to a point opposite 41the Water Gate on the east and the projecting tower.
27 After him 42the Tekoites repaired another section opposite the great projecting tower as far as the wall of Ophel.
28 Above 43the Horse Gate the priests repaired, each one opposite his own house.
29 After them Zadok the son of Immer repaired opposite his own house. After him Shemaiah the son of Shecaniah, the keeper of the East Gate, repaired.
30 After him Hananiah the son of Shelemiah and Hanun the sixth son of Zalaph repaired another section. After him 44Meshullam the son of Berechiah repaired opposite 45his chamber.
31 After him Malchijah, one of the goldsmiths, repaired as far as the house of the temple servants and of the merchants, opposite the Muster Gate,[g] and to the upper chamber of the corner.
32 And between the upper chamber of the corner and 46the Sheep Gate the goldsmiths and the merchants repaired.

Nehemiah 3 Commentary

Chapter 3

The rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem.

- The work was divided, so that every one might know what he had to do, and mind it, with a desire to excel; yet without contention, or separate interests. No strife appears among them, but which should do most for the public good. Every Israelite should lend a hand toward the building up of Jerusalem. Let not nobles think any thing below them, by which they may advance the good of their country. Even some females helped forward the work. Some repaired over against their houses, and one repaired over against his chamber. When a general good work is to be done, each should apply himself to that part which is within his reach. If every one will sweep before his own door, the street will be clean; if every one will mend one, we shall all be mended. Some that had first done helped their fellows. The walls of Jerusalem, in heaps of rubbish, represent the desperate state of the world around, while the number and malice of those who hindered the building, give some faint idea of the enemies we have to contend with, while executing the work of God. Every one must begin at home; for it is by getting the work of God advanced in our own souls that we shall best contribute to the good of the church of Christ. May the Lord thus stir up the hearts of his people, to lay aside their petty disputes, and to disregard their worldly interests, compared with building the walls of Jerusalem, and defending the cause of truth and godliness against the assaults of avowed enemies.

Cross References 46

  • 1. ver. 20, 21; Nehemiah 13:4, 7, 28
  • 2. ver. 32; Nehemiah 12:39; John 5:2
  • 3. Nehemiah 6:1; Nehemiah 7:1
  • 4. Jeremiah 31:38; Zechariah 14:10
  • 5. Ezra 2:34
  • 6. Nehemiah 12:39; 2 Chronicles 33:14; Zephaniah 1:10
  • 7. [Nehemiah 2:8]
  • 8. [See ver. 1 above]
  • 9. ver. 21; Ezra 8:33
  • 10. ver. 30; Ezra 8:16
  • 11. ver. 27; [2 Samuel 14:2]
  • 12. Nehemiah 12:39
  • 13. [See ver. 3 above]
  • 14. [See ver. 1 above]
  • 15. Nehemiah 2:7, 9
  • 16. Nehemiah 12:38
  • 17. ver. 12
  • 18. Nehemiah 12:38
  • 19. ver. 9
  • 20. Nehemiah 2:13, 15; 2 Chronicles 26:9
  • 21. See ver. 1
  • 22. Nehemiah 2:13; Nehemiah 12:31
  • 23. Jeremiah 6:1
  • 24. [See ver. 13 above]
  • 25. [See ver. 13 above]
  • 26. Nehemiah 2:14
  • 27. [See ver. 13 above]
  • 28. [Luke 13:4; John 9:7, 11]
  • 29. 2 Kings 25:4
  • 30. Nehemiah 12:37
  • 31. 1 Kings 2:10; Acts 2:29
  • 32. 2 Kings 20:20; Isaiah 22:11
  • 33. 2 Chronicles 26:9
  • 34. ver. 1
  • 35. ver. 4
  • 36. Nehemiah 12:28
  • 37. [2 Kings 14:13]
  • 38. Jeremiah 32:2; Jeremiah 33:1; Jeremiah 37:21; Jeremiah 38:6, 13, 28; Jeremiah 39:14; [Nehemiah 12:39]
  • 39. Nehemiah 11:21
  • 40. 2 Chronicles 27:3
  • 41. Nehemiah 8:1, 3, 16; Nehemiah 12:37
  • 42. ver. 5
  • 43. See 2 Chronicles 23:15
  • 44. ver. 4
  • 45. [Nehemiah 12:44; Nehemiah 13:7]
  • 46. See ver. 1

Footnotes 7

  • [a]. Hebrew him
  • [b]. Or lords
  • [c]. Or of the old city
  • [d]. Or foreman of half the portion assigned to; also verses 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18
  • [e]. A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
  • [f]. Or corner; also verses 20, 24, 25
  • [g]. Or Hammiphkad Gate

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains the names of the builders of the wall of Jerusalem, the order in which they worked, where they began, and where they ended, which was the sheep gate, Ne 3:1-32.

Nehemiah 3 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.