Numbers 2

Listen to Numbers 2

Arrangement of the Camp

1 The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,
2 1"The people of Israel shall camp each by his own standard, with the banners of their fathers' houses. They shall camp facing the tent of meeting on every side.
3 Those to camp on the east side toward the sunrise shall be of the standard of the camp of Judah by their companies, the chief of the people of Judah being 2Nahshon the son of Amminadab,
4 his company as listed being 74,600.
5 Those to camp next to him shall be the tribe of Issachar, the chief of the people of Issachar being Nethanel the son of Zuar,
6 his company as listed being 54,400.
7 Then the tribe of Zebulun, the chief of the people of Zebulun being Eliab the son of Helon,
8 his company as listed being 57,400.
9 All those listed of the camp of Judah, by their companies, were 186,400. 3They shall set out first on the march.
10 "On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben by their companies, the chief of the people of Reuben being Elizur the son of Shedeur,
11 his company as listed being 46,500.
12 And those to camp next to him shall be the tribe of Simeon, the chief of the people of Simeon being Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai,
13 his company as listed being 59,300.
14 Then the tribe of Gad, the chief of the people of Gad being Eliasaph the son of 4Reuel,
15 his company as listed being 45,650.
16 All those listed of the camp of Reuben, by their companies, were 151,450. 5They shall set out second.
17 6"Then the tent of meeting shall set out, with the camp of the Levites in the midst of the camps; as they camp, so shall they set out, each in position, standard by standard.
18 "On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim by their companies, the chief of the people of Ephraim being Elishama the son of Ammihud,
19 his company as listed being 40,500.
20 And next to him shall be the tribe of Manasseh, the chief of the people of Manasseh being Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur,
21 his company as listed being 32,200.
22 Then the tribe of Benjamin, the chief of the people of Benjamin being Abidan the son of Gideoni,
23 his company as listed being 35,400.
24 All those listed of the camp of Ephraim, by their companies, were 108,100. 7They shall set out third on the march.
25 "On the north side shall be the standard of the camp of Dan by their companies, the chief of the people of Dan being Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai,
26 his company as listed being 62,700.
27 And those to camp next to him shall be the tribe of Asher, the chief of the people of Asher being Pagiel the son of Ochran,
28 his company as listed being 41,500.
29 Then the tribe of Naphtali, the chief of the people of Naphtali being Ahira the son of Enan,
30 his company as listed being 53,400.
31 All those listed of the camp of Dan were 157,600. 8They shall set out last, standard by standard."
32 These are the people of Israel as listed by their fathers' houses. All those listed in the camps by their companies were 9 603,550.
33 But 10the Levites were not listed among the people of Israel, as the LORD commanded Moses.
34 Thus did the people of Israel. According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, 11so they camped by their standards, and so they set out, each one in his clan, according to his fathers' house.

Numbers 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

The order of the tribes in their tents.

- The tribes were to encamp about the tabernacle, which was to be in the midst of them. It was a token of God's gracious presence. Yet they were to pitch their tents afar off, in reverence to the sanctuary. The children of Israel put themselves in their posts, without murmuring or disputing; and as it was their safety, so it was their beauty. It is our duty and interest to be contented with the place allotted to us, and to endeavour to occupy it in a proper manner, without envying or murmuring; without ambition or covetousness. Thus the gospel church ought to be compact, according to the Scripture model, every one knowing and keeping his place; and then all that wish well to the church rejoice, beholding their order, ( Colossians 2:5 ) .

Cross References 11

  • 1. Numbers 1:52
  • 2. See Exodus 6:23
  • 3. Numbers 10:14-16
  • 4. [Numbers 7:42, 47; Numbers 10:20]
  • 5. Numbers 10:18-20
  • 6. Numbers 10:17, 21
  • 7. Numbers 10:22-24; [Psalms 80:2]
  • 8. Numbers 10:25-27
  • 9. See Numbers 1:46
  • 10. See Numbers 1:47
  • 11. [Numbers 24:2, 5, 6]

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS 2

This chapter contains the order of the encampment and march of the tribes of Israel in their proper places about the tabernacle; the general direction for the same is in Nu 1:1,2; the particulars follow; on the cast of the tabernacle the camp of Judah was to pitch, and under his standard the tribes of Issachar and Zebulun, Nu 1:3-9; on the south side of it the camp of Reuben, and under his standard the tribes of Simeon and Gad, Nu 1:10-16; then the tabernacle, with the camp of the Levites round it, were next, to stand or set forward, Nu 1:17; and on the west side the camp of Ephraim, and under his standard the tribes of Manasseh and Benjamin, Nu 1:18-24; and on the north side the camp of Dan, and under his standard the tribes of Asher and Naphtali, Nu 1:25-31; the sum total of the numbers of which camps are given, exclusive of the camp of Levi, Nu 1:32,33; and the chapter is concluded with observing, that all was done according to the commandment of God, Nu 1:34.

Numbers 2 Commentaries