Psalms 105

Listen to Psalms 105
1 1Oh give thanks to the LORD; 2call upon his name; 3make known his deeds among the peoples!
2 Sing to him, sing praises to him; 4tell of all his wondrous works!
3 Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice!
4 Seek the LORD and his 5strength; 6seek his presence continually!
5 Remember the 7wondrous works that he has done, his miracles, and 8the judgments he uttered,
6 O offspring of 9Abraham, his servant, children of Jacob, his 10chosen ones!
7 He is the LORD our God; his 11judgments are in all the earth.
8 He 12remembers his covenant forever, the word that he commanded, for 13a thousand generations,
9 14the covenant that he made with Abraham, his 15sworn promise to Isaac,
10 which he confirmed to 16Jacob as a statute, to Israel as an everlasting covenant,
11 saying, 17"To you I will give the land of Canaan as 18your portion for an inheritance."
12 When they were 19few in number, of little account, and 20sojourners in it,
13 wandering from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another people,
14 he 21allowed no one to oppress them; he 22rebuked kings on their account,
15 saying, 23"Touch not my anointed ones, do my prophets no harm!"
16 When he 24summoned a famine on the land and 25broke all supply[a] of bread,
17 he had 26sent a man ahead of them, Joseph, who was 27sold as a slave.
18 His 28feet were hurt with fetters; his neck was put in a collar of iron;
19 until 29what he had said came to pass, the word of the LORD 30tested him.
20 31The king sent and 32released him; the ruler of the peoples set him free;
21 he 33made him lord of his house and ruler of all his possessions,
22 to bind[b] his princes at his pleasure and to teach his elders wisdom.
23 Then 34Israel came to Egypt; Jacob 35sojourned in 36the land of Ham.
24 And the LORD 37 made his people very fruitful and made them stronger than their foes.
25 He 38turned their hearts to hate his people, to 39deal craftily with his servants.
26 He 40sent Moses, his servant, and Aaron, 41whom he had chosen.
27 42They performed his signs among them and miracles in 43the land of Ham.
28 He 44sent darkness, and made the land dark; they 45did not rebel[c] against his words.
29 He turned their waters into blood and 46caused their fish to die.
30 Their land swarmed with frogs, even in 47the chambers of their kings.
31 He spoke, and there came 48swarms of flies, 49and gnats throughout their country.
32 He gave them hail for rain, and fiery 50lightning bolts through their land.
33 He struck down their vines and fig trees, and 51shattered the trees of their country.
34 He spoke, and the 52locusts came, young locusts without number,
35 which devoured all the vegetation in their land and ate up the fruit of their ground.
36 He 53struck down all the firstborn in their land, 54the firstfruits of all their strength.
37 Then he brought out Israel with 55silver and gold, and there was none among his tribes who stumbled.
38 56Egypt was glad when they departed, for 57dread of them had fallen upon it.
39 He 58spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light by night.
40 59They asked, and he 60brought quail, and gave them 61bread from heaven in abundance.
41 He opened the rock, and 62water gushed out; it flowed through 63the desert like a river.
42 For he 64remembered his holy promise, and 65Abraham, his servant.
43 So he brought his people out with joy, his 66chosen ones with 67singing.
44 And he 68gave them the lands of the nations, and they took possession of the fruit of the peoples' toil,
45 that they might 69keep his statutes and 70observe his laws. 71Praise the LORD!

Images for Psalms 105

Psalms 105 Commentary

Chapter 105

A solemn call to praise and serve the Lord. (1-7) His gracious dealings with Israel. (8-23) Their deliverance from Egypt, and their settlement in Canaan. (24-45)

Verses 1-7 Our devotion is here stirred up, that we may stir up ourselves to praise God. Seek his strength; that is, his grace; the strength of his Spirit to work in us that which is good, which we cannot do but by strength derived from him, for which he will be sought. Seek to have his favour to eternity, therefore continue seeking it while living in this world; for he will not only be found, but he will reward those that diligently seek him.

Verses 8-23 Let us remember the Redeemer's marvellous works, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth. Though true Christians are few number, strangers and pilgrims upon earth, yet a far better inheritance than Canaan is made sure to them by the covenant of God; and if we have the anointing of the Holy Spirit, none can do us any harm. Afflictions are among our mercies. They prove our faith and love, they humble our pride, they wean us from the world, and quicken our prayers. Bread is the staff which supports life; when that staff is broken, the body fails and sinks to the earth. The word of God is the staff of spiritual life, the food and support of the soul: the sorest judgment is a famine of hearing the word of the Lord. Such a famine was sore in all lands when Christ appeared in the flesh; whose coming, and the blessed effect of it, are shadowed forth in the history of Joseph. At the appointed time Christ was exalted as Mediator; all the treasures of grace and salvation are at his disposal, perishing sinners come to him, and are relieved by him.

Verses 24-45 As the believer commonly thrives best in his soul when under the cross; so the church also flourishes most in true holiness, and increases in number, while under persecution. Yet instruments shall be raised up for their deliverance, and plagues may be expected by persecutors. And see the special care God took of his people in the wilderness. All the benefits bestowed on Israel as a nation, were shadows of spiritual blessings with which we are blessed in Christ Jesus. Having redeemed us with his blood, restored our souls to holiness, and set us at liberty from Satan's bondage, he guides and guards us all the way. He satisfies our souls with the bread of heaven, and the water of life from the Rock of salvation, and will bring us safely to heaven. He redeems his servants from all iniquity, and purifies them unto himself, to be a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Cross References 71

  • 1. Psalms 106:1; 1 Chronicles 16:34; Isaiah 12:4; For ver. 1-15, see 1 Chronicles 16:8-22
  • 2. Psalms 99:6; Psalms 116:13, 17; [Genesis 4:26]
  • 3. Ps. 145:4, 5, 11, 12
  • 4. Psalms 77:12
  • 5. See Psalms 78:61
  • 6. [Psalms 27:8]
  • 7. Psalms 77:11; See Psalms 72:18
  • 8. Exodus 6:6; Exodus 7:4
  • 9. ver. 42
  • 10. ver. 43; Psalms 106:5; [Psalms 135:4]
  • 11. Isaiah 26:9
  • 12. ver. 42; Psalms 106:45; Psalms 111:5; Luke 1:72
  • 13. Deuteronomy 7:9
  • 14. Genesis 17:2; See Genesis 22:15-18
  • 15. Genesis 26:3
  • 16. Genesis 28:13, 14; Genesis 35:11, 12
  • 17. Genesis 13:15; Genesis 15:18
  • 18. Psalms 78:55
  • 19. Genesis 34:30; Deuteronomy 7:7; Deuteronomy 26:5
  • 20. Hebrews 11:9
  • 21. [Genesis 35:5]
  • 22. Genesis 12:17; Genesis 20:3
  • 23. Genesis 20:6, 7; [Genesis 26:11]
  • 24. Genesis 41:54; [2 Kings 8:1; Haggai 1:11]
  • 25. Leviticus 26:26; Isaiah 3:1; Ezekiel 4:16; [Psalms 104:15]
  • 26. Genesis 45:5; Genesis 50:20
  • 27. Genesis 37:28, 36; Acts 7:9
  • 28. [Genesis 39:20]
  • 29. Genesis 40:20, 21; Genesis 41:53, 54
  • 30. [Judges 7:4]
  • 31. Genesis 41:14
  • 32. Psalms 146:7
  • 33. Genesis 41:40
  • 34. Genesis 46:6; Acts 7:15
  • 35. Acts 13:17
  • 36. Psalms 106:22; [Psalms 78:51]
  • 37. Exodus 1:7; Deuteronomy 26:5
  • 38. [Exodus 9:12; Romans 11:8]; See Exodus 1:8-14
  • 39. Exodus 1:10; Acts 7:19
  • 40. Exodus 3:10; Exodus 4:12
  • 41. Numbers 16:5; Numbers 17:5
  • 42. For ver. 27-36, see Psalms 78:43-51
  • 43. [See ver. 23 above]
  • 44. Exodus 10:21-23
  • 45. Psalms 99:7
  • 46. Exodus 7:21
  • 47. Exodus 8:3
  • 48. Exodus 8:21
  • 49. Exodus 8:16
  • 50. Exodus 9:23
  • 51. Exodus 9:25
  • 52. See Exodus 10:12-15
  • 53. See Psalms 78:51
  • 54. See Psalms 78:51
  • 55. Exodus 12:35, 36
  • 56. Exodus 12:23
  • 57. Exodus 15:16
  • 58. [Job 36:20; Isaiah 4:5]; See Exodus 13:21
  • 59. Psalms 78:18, 27
  • 60. Exodus 16:13
  • 61. Psalms 78:24, 25; [John 6:31]
  • 62. See Psalms 78:15
  • 63. See Psalms 63:1
  • 64. ver. 8, 9; Exodus 2:24
  • 65. [Genesis 15:14]; See ver. 6
  • 66. [See ver. 42 above]
  • 67. [Isaiah 35:10]; See Exodus 15:1-21
  • 68. Joshua 24:13; [Psalms 78:55]
  • 69. Deuteronomy 4:1, 40
  • 70. Psalms 78:7
  • 71. See Psalms 104:35

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Hebrew staff
  • [b]. Septuagint, Syriac, Jerome instruct
  • [c]. Septuagint, Syriac omit not

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 105

This psalm was penned by David, and sung at the time when the ark was brought from the house of Obededom to the place which David had prepared for it; at least the first fifteen verses of it, the other part being probably added afterwards by the same inspired penman, as appears from 1Ch 16:1-7. The subject matter of the psalm is the special and distinguishing goodness of God to the children of Israel, and to his church and people, of which they were typical: the history of God's regard to and care of their principal ancestors, Abraham, Jacob, Joseph and of the whole body of the people, in bringing them out of Egypt, leading them through the wilderness, and settling them in the land of Canaan, is here recited, as an argument for praise and thankfulness.

Psalms 105 Commentaries