Psalms 110

Listen to Psalms 110
1 1The LORD says to my Lord: 2"Sit at my right hand, 3until I make your enemies your 4footstool."
2 The LORD sends forth 5from Zion 6your mighty scepter. 7Rule in the midst of your enemies!
3 8Your people will 9offer themselves freely on the day of your 10power,[a] in 11holy garments;[b] from the womb of the morning, the dew of your youth will be yours.[c]
4 12The LORD has 13sworn and will 14not change his mind, 15"You are 16a priest 17forever after the order of 18Melchizedek."
5 The Lord is at your 19right hand; he will 20shatter kings on 21the day of his wrath.
6 He will 22execute judgment among the nations, 23filling them with corpses; he will 24shatter chiefs[d] over the wide earth.
7 He will 25drink from the brook by the way; therefore he will lift up his head.

Psalms 110 Commentary

Chapter 110

Christ's kingdom.

- Glorious things are here spoken of Christ. Not only he should be superior to all the kings of the earth, but he then existed in glory as the eternal Son of God. Sitting is a resting posture: after services and sufferings, to give law, to give judgment. It is a remaining posture: he sits like a king for ever. All his enemies are now in a chain, but not yet made his footstool. And his kingdom, being set up, shall be kept up in the world, in despite of all the powers of darkness. Christ's people are a willing people. The power of the Spirit, going with the power of the world, to the people of Christs, is effectual to make them willing. They shall attend him in the beautiful attire of holiness; which becomes his house for ever. And he shall have many devoted to him. The dew of our youth, even in the morning of our days, ought to be consecrated to our Lord Jesus. Christ shall not only be a King, but a Priest. He is God's Minister to us, and our Advocate with the Father, and so is the Mediator between God and man. He is a Priest of the order of Melchizedek, which was before that of Aaron, and on many accounts superior to it, and a more lively representation of Christ's priesthood. Christ's sitting at the right hand of God, speaks as much terror to his enemies as happiness to his people. The effect of this victory shall be the utter ruin of his enemies. We have here the Redeemer saving his friends, and comforting them. He shall be humbled; he shall drink of the brook in the way. The wrath of God, running in the curse of the law, may be considered as the brook in the way of his undertaking. Christ drank of the waters of affliction in his way to the throne of glory. But he shall be exalted. What then are we? Has the gospel of Christ been to us the power of God unto salvation? Has his kingdom been set up in our hearts? Are we his willing subjects? Once we knew not our need of his salvation, and we were not willing that he should reign over us. Are we willing to give up every sin, to turn from a wicked, insnaring world, and rely only on his merits and mercy, to have him for our Prophet, Priest, and King? and do we desire to be holy? To those who are thus changed, the Saviour's sacrifice, intercession, and blessing belong.

Cross References 25

  • 1. Cited Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42, 43; Acts 2:34, 35
  • 2. Cited Hebrews 1:13; [Matthew 26:64; Ephesians 1:20; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 12:2]
  • 3. Hebrews 10:13; [1 Corinthians 15:25; Ephesians 1:22; Hebrews 2:8; 1 Peter 3:22]
  • 4. [Psalms 8:6; Psalms 18:38; Joshua 10:24]
  • 5. [Psalms 68:35]
  • 6. Jeremiah 48:17; Ezekiel 19:14; [Psalms 45:6]
  • 7. Psalms 72:8; [Daniel 7:13, 14]
  • 8. Judges 5:2; Nehemiah 11:2
  • 9. [Exodus 35:29]
  • 10. [Isaiah 13:3, 4]
  • 11. [Revelation 19:14]; See 1 Chronicles 16:29
  • 12. Cited Hebrews 7:21
  • 13. Psalms 132:11; Hebrews 6:17, 18
  • 14. Numbers 23:19
  • 15. Cited Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 7:17, 21; [Hebrews 6:20]
  • 16. Zechariah 6:13
  • 17. Hebrews 7:24, 28; [John 12:34]
  • 18. Genesis 14:18
  • 19. See Psalms 16:8
  • 20. [Psalms 68:14]
  • 21. Romans 2:5; Revelation 6:17; [Psalms 2:5, 12]
  • 22. Isaiah 2:4; Joel 3:12; Micah 4:3
  • 23. See Ezekiel 39:17-19; Revelation 19:17, 18
  • 24. [Psalms 68:21]
  • 25. [Judges 7:5, 6]

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. Or on the day you lead your forces
  • [b]. Masoretic Text; some Hebrew manuscripts and Jerome on the holy mountains
  • [c]. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  • [d]. Or the head

Chapter Summary


\\<>\\. This psalm was written by David, as the title shows, and which is confirmed by our Lord Jesus Christ, Mt 22:43 and by the Apostle Peter, Ac 2:34 and was not written by anyone of the singers concerning him, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi; nor by Melchizedek, nor by Eliezer the servant of Abraham, concerning him, as Jarchi and others: for the former could not call Abraham his lord, since he was greater than he, Heb 7:7 and though the latter might, yet he could not assign his master a place at the right hand of God; nor say he was a priest after the order of Melchizedek: and as it was written by David, it could not be concerning himself, as the Targum, but some other; not of Hezekiah, to whom some of the Jews applied it, as Tertullian {m} affirms; but of the Messiah, as is clear from the quotation by Christ, Mt 22:43,44 and from the references to it by the apostle, \Ac 2:34 1Co 15:25 Heb 1:13\. And that this was the general sense of the ancient Jewish church is manifest from the silence of the Pharisees, when a passage out of it was objected to them by our Lord concerning the Messiah; and is the sense that some of the ancient Jews give of it; says R. Joden {n}, ``God will make the King Messiah sit at his right hand, &c:'' and the same is said by others {o}; and it is likewise owned by some of the more modern {p} ones; and we Christians can have no doubt about it. The psalm is only applicable to Christ, and cannot be accommodated to any other; no, not to David as a type, as some psalms concerning him may.

Psalms 110 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.