Ezekiel 45:9-12

9 “ ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: You have gone far enough, princes of Israel! Give up your violence and oppression and do what is just and right. Stop dispossessing my people, declares the Sovereign LORD.
10 You are to use accurate scales, an accurate ephah[a] and an accurate bath.[b]
11 The ephah and the bath are to be the same size, the bath containing a tenth of a homer and the ephah a tenth of a homer; the homer is to be the standard measure for both.
12 The shekel[c] is to consist of twenty gerahs. Twenty shekels plus twenty-five shekels plus fifteen shekels equal one mina.[d]

Ezekiel 45:9-12 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter treats of the division of the land in future time, and the persons and uses for which it is to be made; one part being for the sanctuary, and the priests that serve in it, and for their houses for them to dwell in, Eze 45:1-4, another for the Levites and their chambers, Eze 45:5, and another for the city, for the Israelites in common, Eze 45:6, and the last for the prince; and of the situation and extent of it, Eze 45:7,8 and of the righteous administration of civil government in the time of the spiritual reign of Christ, in abstinence from violence and exactions, and doing justice, for which orders and directions are given, Eze 45:9-12, then of the oblations of the people of the land, Eze 45:13-16, and next of those that are to be prepared by the prince, Eze 45:17, and the times of the offering of them, at the beginning of the year, on the feasts of the passover and tabernacles, Eze 45:18-25, the rules for which are so different from the Mosaic law, as show the abrogation of that; and that all this is to be understood in a spiritual and evangelic sense.

Cross References 6

  • 1. Psalms 12:5
  • 2. S Jeremiah 22:3; Zechariah 7:9-10; Zechariah 8:16
  • 3. Deuteronomy 25:15; S Proverbs 11:1; Amos 8:4-6; Micah 6:10-11
  • 4. S Leviticus 19:36
  • 5. Isaiah 5:10
  • 6. Exodus 30:13; Leviticus 27:25; Numbers 3:47

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. An ephah was a dry measure having the capacity of about 3/5 bushel or about 22 liters.
  • [b]. A bath was a liquid measure equaling about 6 gallons or about 22 liters.
  • [c]. A shekel weighed about 2/5 ounce or about 12 grams.
  • [d]. That is, 60 shekels; the common mina was 50 shekels. Sixty shekels were about 1 1/2 pounds or about 690 grams.
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