Genesis 10:2-3

The Japhethites

2 The sons[a] of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras.
3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.

Genesis 10:2 in Other Translations

KJV
2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
ESV
2 The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
NLT
2 The descendants of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
MSG
2 The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, Tiras.
CSB
2 Japheth's sons: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

Genesis 10:2-3 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS 10

This chapter gives an account of the posterity of the three sons of Noah, by whom the world was peopled after the flood, Ge 10:1 of the posterity of Japheth, Ge 10:2-5 of the posterity of Ham, Ge 10:6-20 and of the posterity of Shem, Ge 10:21-32.

Genesis 10:2-3 In-Context

1 This is the account of Shem, Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, who themselves had sons after the flood.
2 The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras.
3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.
4 The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.
5 (From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)
6 The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.

Cross References 7

  • 1. Ezekiel 38:6
  • 2. Ezekiel 38:2; Ezekiel 39:6; Revelation 20:8
  • 3. Ezekiel 27:19
  • 4. Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:13; Ezekiel 32:26
  • 5. Ezekiel 39:1
  • 6. Jeremiah 51:27
  • 7. Ezekiel 27:14; Ezekiel 38:6

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. "Sons" may mean "descendants" or "successors" or "nations" ; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31.
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.