Job 9

1 Yes, I've heard all that before. 1
2 But how can a human being win a case against God?
3 How can anyone argue with him? He can ask a thousand questions that no one could ever answer.
4 God is so wise and powerful; no one can stand up against him.
5 Without warning he moves mountains and in anger he destroys them.
6 God sends earthquakes and shakes the ground; he rocks the pillars that support the earth.
7 He can keep the sun from rising, 2 and the stars from shining at night.
8 No one helped God spread out the heavens or trample the sea monster's back.
9 God hung the stars in the sky - the Dipper, 3 Orion, the Pleiades, and the stars of the south.
10 We cannot understand the great things he does, and to his miracles there is no end.
11 God passes by, but I cannot see him.
12 He takes what he wants, and no one can stop him; no one dares ask him, "What are you doing?"
13 God's anger is constant. He crushed his enemies who helped Rahab, the sea monster, oppose him.
14 So how can I find words to answer God?
15 Though I am innocent, all I can do is beg for mercy from God my judge.
16 Yet even then, if he lets me speak, I can't believe he would listen to me.
17 He sends storms to batter and bruise me without any reason at all.
18 He won't let me catch my breath; he has filled my life with bitterness.
19 Should I try force? Try force on God? Should I take him to court? Could anyone make him go?
20 I am innocent and faithful, but my words sound guilty, and everything I say seems to condemn me.
21 I am innocent, but I no longer care. I am sick of living.
22 Nothing matters; innocent or guilty, God will destroy us.
23 When an innocent person suddenly dies, God laughs.
24 God gave the world to the wicked. He made all the judges blind. And if God didn't do it, who did?
25 My days race by, not one of them good.
26 My life passes like the swiftest boat, as fast as an eagle swooping down on a rabbit.
27 If I smile and try to forget my pain, all my suffering comes back to haunt me;
28 I know that God does hold me guilty.
29 Since I am held guilty, why should I bother?
30 No soap can wash away my sins.
31 God throws me into a pit with filth, and even my clothes are ashamed of me.
32 If God were human, I could answer him; we could go to court to decide our quarrel.
33 But there is no one to step between us - no one to judge both God and me.
34 Stop punishing me, God! Keep your terrors away!
35 I am not afraid. I am going to talk because I know my own heart.

Job 9 Commentary

Chapter 9

Job acknowledges God's justice. (1-13) He is not able to contend with God. (14-21) Men not to be judged by outward condition. (22-24) Job complains of troubles. (25-35)

Verses 1-13 In this answer Job declared that he did not doubt the justice of God, when he denied himself to be a hypocrite; for how should man be just with God? Before him he pleaded guilty of sins more than could be counted; and if God should contend with him in judgment, he could not justify one out of a thousand, of all the thoughts, words, and actions of his life; therefore he deserved worse than all his present sufferings. When Job mentions the wisdom and power of God, he forgets his complaints. We are unfit to judge of God's proceedings, because we know not what he does, or what he designs. God acts with power which no creature can resist. Those who think they have strength enough to help others, will not be able to help themselves against it.

Verses 14-21 Job is still righteous in his own eyes, ch. 32:1 , and this answer, though it sets forth the power and majesty of God, implies that the question between the afflicted and the Lord of providence, is a question of might, and not of right; and we begin to discover the evil fruits of pride and of a self-righteous spirit. Job begins to manifest a disposition to condemn God, that he may justify himself, for which he is afterwards reproved. Still Job knew so much of himself, that he durst not stand a trial. If we say, We have no sin, we not only deceive ourselves, but we affront God; for we sin in saying so, and give the lie to the Scripture. But Job reflected on God's goodness and justice in saying his affliction was without cause.

Verses 22-24 Job touches briefly upon the main point now in dispute. His friends maintained that those who are righteous and good, always prosper in this world, and that none but the wicked are in misery and distress: he said, on the contrary, that it is a common thing for the wicked to prosper, and the righteous to be greatly afflicted. Yet there is too much passion in what Job here says, for God doth not afflict willingly. When the spirit is heated with dispute or with discontent, we have need to set a watch before our lips.

Verses 25-35 What little need have we of pastimes, and what great need to redeem time, when it runs on so fast towards eternity! How vain the enjoyments of time, which we may quite lose while yet time continues! The remembrance of having done our duty will be pleasing afterwards; so will not the remembrance of having got worldly wealth, when it is all lost and gone. Job's complaint of God, as one that could not be appeased and would not relent, was the language of his corruption. There is a Mediator, a Daysman, or Umpire, for us, even God's own beloved Son, who has purchased peace for us with the blood of his cross, who is able to save to the uttermost all who come unto God through him. If we trust in his name, our sins will be buried in the depths of the sea, we shall be washed from all our filthiness, and made whiter than snow, so that none can lay any thing to our charge. We shall be clothed with the robes of righteousness and salvation, adorned with the graces of the Holy Spirit, and presented faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy. May we learn the difference between justifying ourselves, and being thus justified by God himself. Let the tempest-tossed soul consider Job, and notice that others have passed this dreadful gulf; and though they found it hard to believe that God would hear or deliver them, yet he rebuked the storm, and brought them to the desired haven. Resist the devil; give not place to hard thoughts of God, or desperate conclusions about thyself. Come to Him who invites the weary and heavy laden; who promises in nowise to cast them out.

Cross References 3

  • 1. 9.2Job 4.17.
  • 2. +29.7, 8Baruch 3.34, 35.
  • 3. 9.9Job 38.31;Amos 5.8.

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. He can ask . . . answer; [or] Someone could ask him a thousand questions, and he would not answer.
  • [b]. trample the sea monster's back: [A reference to ancient stories in which a sea monster was killed and then trampled (see also 26.13).]
  • [c]. rahab: [A legendary sea monster which represented the forces of chaos and evil.]
  • [d]. [Probable text] make him go; [Hebrew] make me go.

Chapter Summary


This and the following chapter contain Job's answer to Bildad, and in this he asserts the strict justice at God; which is such, that no man can be just in his sight, not being able to answer to one charge, or for one sin, of a thousand he is guilty of, Job 9:1-3; and that such are his wisdom and power, that the most daring man cannot expect to succeed in an opposition to him, Job 9:4; instances are given of his power in the works of nature and providence, Job 9:5-10; notice is taken of the imperceptibleness of his actions and motions, and of his sovereignty in all his ways, Job 9:11,12; and of his fierce wrath and anger, which is such as obliges the proudest of men to stoop under him; and therefore Job chose not to contend in a judicial way with him, but in a suppliant manner would entreat him, since his hand was so heavy upon him, Job 9:13-21; he affirms, in direct opposition to Bildad and his friends, and insists upon it, that God afflicts both the righteous and the wicked; yea, gives the earth to the latter when he slays the former, Job 9:22-24; he then observes the shortness of his days, and complains of his heavy afflictions, Job 9:25-28; and concludes, that it was in vain for him to expect his cause to be heard before God, there being no daysman between them; and wishes that the dread of the Divine Majesty might be taken from him, and then he would freely and without fear speak unto him, Job 9:29-35.

Job 9 Commentaries