Leviticus 15; Leviticus 16; Matthew 27:1-26

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Leviticus 15

1 The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron,
2 "Tell the Israelites: If a man has a discharge from his penis, his discharge is unclean.
3 He is unclean because of the discharge from his penis. Whether it is chronic or not makes no difference; he is still unclean.
4 "The man who has a discharge makes everything he lies on or sits on unclean.
5 Those who touch his bed must wash their clothes and their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.
6 Those who sit on anything he sat on must wash their clothes and their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.
7 Those who touch a man who has a discharge must wash their clothes and their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.
8 If a man who has a discharge spits on anyone who is clean, the person he spits on must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening.
9 When a man who has a discharge sits on a saddle, it becomes unclean.
10 Those who carry such things must wash their clothes and their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.
11 If a man who has a discharge touches anyone without first rinsing his hands, the person he touched must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening.
12 When a man who has a discharge touches pottery, it must be broken, and any wooden bucket he touches must be rinsed.
13 "When a man's discharge stops, he must wait seven days to be cleansed. He must wash his clothes and his body in fresh water. Then he will be clean.
14 On the eighth day he must take two mourning doves or two pigeons and come into the LORD's presence at the entrance to the tent of meeting. He will give these birds to the priest.
15 The priest will sacrifice one as an offering for sin and the other as a burnt offering. So in the LORD's presence, the priest will make peace with the LORD for the man who had a discharge.
16 "If a man has an emission of semen, he must bathe his whole body. He will be unclean until evening.
17 Any clothes or any leather with semen on it must be washed. It will be unclean until evening.
18 "When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman and has an emission of semen, they must wash themselves. They will be unclean until evening.
19 "When a woman has her monthly period, she will be unclean for seven days. Those who touch her will be unclean until evening.
20 Everything she lies on or sits on during her period will be unclean.
21 Those who touch her bed must wash their clothes and their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.
22 Those who touch anything she sits on must wash their clothes and their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.
23 If her blood touches anything on the bed or anything she sits on, it will be unclean until evening.
24 If a man has sexual intercourse with her while she has her period, he will be unclean for seven days. Any bed he lies on will become unclean.
25 "If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days other than her monthly period, she is unclean. If her period lasts longer than usual, she will be unclean as long as she has a discharge. It is like her period.
26 As long as she has a discharge, any bed she lies on or anything she sits on is unclean. It is like her period.
27 Those who touch these things are unclean and must wash their clothes and their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.
28 "When her discharge stops, she must wait seven days. After that, she will be clean.
29 On the eighth day she must take two mourning doves or two pigeons and bring them to the priest at the entrance to the tent of meeting.
30 The priest will offer one as an offering for sin and the other as a burnt offering. So in the LORD's presence the priest will make peace with the LORD for the woman who had an unclean discharge.
31 "You must separate the Israelites from anything that keeps them from being presentable to me. Otherwise, they will die because they make my tent, which is among them, unclean.
32 "These are the instructions for any man who has a discharge or an emission of semen that makes him unclean,
33 for any woman who has her period, for any man or woman who has a discharge, or for any man who has sexual intercourse with a woman when she is unclean."

Leviticus 16

1 The LORD spoke to Moses after Aaron's two sons had come into the LORD's presence and died.
2 The LORD said, "Tell your brother Aaron that he cannot go into the holy place whenever he wants to. If he goes up to the canopy and stands in front of the throne of mercy on the ark, he will die, because I appear in the smoke above the throne of mercy.
3 "This is what Aaron must do in order to come into the holy place: He must take a bull as an offering for sin and a ram as a burnt offering.
4 He must put on a holy linen robe and wear linen undergarments. He must wear a linen belt and turban. These are holy clothes. He must wash his body and put them on.
5 He will take two male goats from the congregation of Israel as an offering for sin and a ram as a burnt offering.
6 "Aaron must sacrifice the bull as his own offering for sin. By doing this, he will make peace with the LORD for himself and his family.
7 He must take the two male goats and bring them into the LORD's presence at the entrance to the tent of meeting.
8 Then Aaron must throw lots for the two goats. One lot will be for the LORD and the other for Azazel.
9 Aaron must sacrifice the goat chosen by lot for the LORD as an offering for sin.
10 But he must bring the goat chosen by lot for Azazel into the LORD's presence. He will release it in the desert to Azazel in order to make peace with the LORD for himself and his family.
11 "Aaron will bring the bull. He will then slaughter it as his own offering for sin. By doing this he will make peace with the LORD for himself and his family.
12 He will take an incense burner full of burning coals from the altar, which is in the LORD's presence, and two handfuls of finely ground, sweet-smelling incense. He will bring them up to the canopy.
13 Then he will put the incense on the fire in the LORD's presence. The cloud of incense will cover the throne of mercy, which is over the words of God's promise, so that he will not die.
14 He will take some of the bull's blood and sprinkle it with his finger on the east side of the throne of mercy. Then he will sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times in front of the throne of mercy.
15 "Next, Aaron will slaughter the goat for the people's offering for sin. He will take the blood inside, go up to the canopy, and sprinkle it on the throne of mercy and in front of it, as he did with the bull's blood.
16 So he will make peace with the LORD for all the sins the Israelites committed against the holy place. These sins happened because the Israelites were unclean and because they committed rebellious acts. He will do the same for the tent of meeting which is among an unclean people.
17 No one may be in the tent of meeting from the time Aaron enters the holy place to do this until he comes out. Aaron will make peace with the LORD for his own sins, his family's sins, and the sins of the entire assembly of Israel.
18 Then he will go out to the altar that is in the LORD's presence and make peace with the LORD there for the sins committed. He will take some of the blood from the bull and some of the goat's blood and put it all around the horns of the altar.
19 With his finger he will sprinkle some of the blood on it seven times. Because the Israelites made it unclean, he will cleanse it and declare it holy.
20 "When he finishes making peace with the LORD at the holy place, the tent of meeting, and the altar, he will bring the living goat forward.
21 Aaron will place both hands on its head. He will confess over it all the sins, all the rebellious acts, and all the things the Israelites did wrong. He will transfer them to the goat's head. A man will be appointed to release the goat in the desert.
22 The goat will take all their sins away to a deserted place. The man must release the goat in the desert.
23 "Then Aaron will go to the tent of meeting, take off the linen clothes he had put on to go into the holy place, and leave them there.
24 He will wash his body in the holy place and put on his other clothes. Then he will come out and sacrifice the burnt offering for himself and for the people to make peace with the LORD for his own sins and the sins of the people.
25 He will burn the fat of the offering for sin on the altar.
26 "The man who released the goat to Azazel must wash his clothes and his body. Then he may return to the camp.
27 He must take the bull and the goat outside the camp. These animals were the offering for sin whose blood was brought into the holy place to make peace with the LORD for sins. The skin, meat, and excrement from the animals must be burned.
28 Whoever burns them must wash his clothes and his body. Then he may return to the camp.
29 "This will be a permanent law for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month both native Israelites and foreigners must humble themselves. They must do no work.
30 On this day Aaron will make peace with the LORD to make you clean. Then you will be clean from all your sins in the LORD's presence.
31 This is the most important worship festival there is for you. You will humble yourselves. It is a permanent law.
32 The priest who is anointed and ordained to serve as chief priest in his father's place will pay for sins. He will put on the holy linen clothes
33 and will make peace with the LORD at the holy place, the tent of meeting, and the altar. He will make peace with the LORD for the priests and all the worshipers.
34 "This permanent law tells you how to make peace with the LORD once a year for all the sins the Israelites committed." Aaron did as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Matthew 27:1-26

1 Early in the morning all the chief priests and the leaders of the people decided to execute Jesus.
2 They tied him up, led him away, and handed him over to Pilate, the governor.
3 Then Judas, who had betrayed Jesus, regretted what had happened when he saw that Jesus was condemned. He brought the 30 silver coins back to the chief priests and leaders.
4 He said, "I've sinned by betraying an innocent man." They replied, "What do we care? That's your problem."
5 So he threw the money into the temple, went away, and hanged himself.
6 The chief priests took the money and said, "It's not right to put it into the temple treasury, because it's blood money."
7 So they decided to use it to buy a potter's field for the burial of strangers.
8 That's why that field has been called the Field of Blood ever since.
9 Then what the prophet Jeremiah had said came true, "They took the 30 silver coins, the price the people of Israel had placed on him,
10 and used the coins to buy a potter's field, as the Lord had directed me."
11 Jesus stood in front of the governor, [Pilate]. The governor asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" "Yes, I am," Jesus answered.
12 While the chief priests and leaders were accusing him, he said nothing.
13 Then Pilate asked him, "Don't you hear how many charges they're bringing against you?"
14 But Jesus said absolutely nothing to him in reply, so the governor was very surprised.
15 At every Passover festival the governor would free one prisoner whom the crowd wanted.
16 At that time there was a well-known prisoner by the name of Barabbas.
17 So when the people gathered, Pilate asked them, "Which man do you want me to free for you? Do you want me to free Barabbas or Jesus, who is called Christ?"
18 Pilate knew that they had handed Jesus over to him because they were jealous.
19 While Pilate was judging the case, his wife sent him a message. It said, "Leave that innocent man alone. I've been very upset today because of a dream I had about him."
20 But the chief priests and leaders persuaded the crowd to ask for the release of Barabbas and the execution of Jesus.
21 The governor asked them, "Which of the two do you want me to free for you?" They said, "Barabbas."
22 Pilate asked them, "Then what should I do with Jesus, who is called Christ?" "He should be crucified!" they all said.
23 Pilate asked, "Why? What has he done wrong?" But they began to shout loudly, "He should be crucified!"
24 Pilate saw that he was not getting anywhere. Instead, a riot was breaking out. So Pilate took some water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. He said, "I won't be guilty of killing this man. Do what you want!"
25 All the people answered, "The responsibility for killing him will rest on us and our children."
26 Then Pilate freed Barabbas for the people. But he had Jesus whipped and handed over to be crucified.