Ezra 8

1 Now these are the heads of their fathers' [houses], and this is the genealogy of those who went up with me from Bavel, in the reign of Artachshasta the king:
2 Of the sons of Pinechas, Gershom. Of the sons of Itamar, Daniyel. Of the sons of David, Hattush.
3 Of the sons of Shekhanyahu, of the sons of Par`osh, Zekharyah; and with him were reckoned by genealogy of the males one hundred fifty.
4 Of the sons of Pachat-Mo'av, Elyeho`enai the son of Zerachyah; and with him two hundred males.
5 Of the sons of Shekhanyahu, the son of Yachazi'el; and with him three hundred males.
6 Of the sons of `Adin, `Eved the son of Yonatan; and with him fifty males.
7 Of the sons of `Elam, Yesha`yah the son of `Atalyah; and with him seventy males.
8 Of the sons of Shefatyah, Zevadyah the son of Mikha'el; and with him eighty males.
9 Of the sons of Yo'av, `Ovadyah the son of Yechi'el; and with him two hundred and eighteen males.
10 Of the sons of Shelomit, the son of Yosifyah; and with him one hundred sixty males.
11 Of the sons of Bevai, Zekharyah the son of Bevai; and with him twenty-eight males.
12 Of the sons of Azgad, Yochanan the son of Katan; and with him one hundred ten males.
13 Of the sons of Adonikam, [who were] the last; and these are their names: Elifelet, Ye`u'el, and Shemayah; and with them sixty males.
14 Of the sons of Bigvai, `Utai and Zakkur; and with them seventy males.
15 I gathered them together to the river that runs to Ahava; and there we encamped three days: and I viewed the people, and the Kohanim, and found there none of the sons of Levi.
16 Then sent I for Eli`ezer, for Ari'el, for Shemayah, and for Elnatan, and for Yariv, and for Elnatan, and for Natan, and for Zekharyah, and for Meshullam, chief men; also for Yoiariv, and for Elnatan, who were teachers.
17 I sent them forth to `Iddo the chief at the place Kasifyah; and I told them what they should tell `Iddo, [and] his brothers the temple servants, at the place Kasifyah, that they should bring to us ministers for the house of our God.
18 According to the good hand of our God on us they brought us a man of discretion, of the sons of Machli, the son of Levi, the son of Yisra'el; and Sherevyah, with his sons and his brothers, eighteen;
19 and Hashavyah, and with him Yesha`yah of the sons of Merari, his brothers and their sons, twenty;
20 and of the temple servants, whom David and the princes had given for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty temple servants: all of them were mentioned by name.
21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God, to seek of him a straight way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance.
22 For I was ashamed to ask of the king a band of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy in the way, because we had spoken to the king, saying, The hand of our God is on all those who seek him, for good; but his power and his wrath is against all those who forsake him.
23 So we fasted and begged our God for this: and he was entreated of us.
24 Then I set apart twelve of the chiefs of the Kohanim, even Sherevyah, Hashavyah, and ten of their brothers with them,
25 and weighed to them the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, even the offering for the house of our God, which the king, and his counselors, and his princes, and all Yisra'el there present, had offered:
26 I weighed into their hand six hundred fifty talents of silver, and silver vessels one hundred talents; of gold one hundred talents;
27 and twenty bowls of gold, of one thousand darics; and two vessels of fine bright brass, precious as gold.
28 I said to them, You are holy to the LORD, and the vessels are holy; and the silver and the gold are a freewill-offering to the LORD, the God of your fathers.
29 Watch you, and keep them, until you weigh them before the chiefs of the Kohanim and the Levites, and the princes of the fathers' [houses] of Yisra'el, at Yerushalayim, in the chambers of the house of the LORD.
30 So the Kohanim and the Levites received the weight of the silver and the gold, and the vessels, to bring them to Yerushalayim to the house of our God.
31 Then we departed from the river Ahava on the twelfth [day] of the first month, to go to Yerushalayim: and the hand of our God was on us, and he delivered us from the hand of the enemy and the bandit by the way.
32 We came to Yerushalayim, and abode there three days.
33 On the fourth day the silver and the gold and the vessels were weighed in the house of our God into the hand of Meremot the son of Uriyah the Kohen; and with him was El`azar the son of Pinechas; and with them was Yozavad the son of Yeshua, and No`adyah the son of Binnui, the Levite;
34 the whole by number and by weight: and all the weight was written at that time.
35 The children of the captivity, who had come out of exile, offered burnt offerings to the God of Yisra'el, twelve bulls for all Yisra'el, ninety-six rams, seventy-seven lambs, and twelve male goats for a sin-offering: all this was a burnt offering to the LORD.
36 They delivered the king's commissions to the king's satraps, and to the governors beyond the River: and they furthered the people and the house of God.

Ezra 8 Commentary

Chapter 8

The companions of Ezra. (1-20) Ezra implores God's blessing. (21-23) Treasures committed to the priests. (24-30) Ezra arrives at Jerusalem. (31-36)

Verses 1-20 Ezra assembles the outcasts of Israel, and the dispersed of Judah. God raised up the spirits of a small remnant to accompany him. What a pity that good men should omit a good work, for want of being spoken to!

Verses 21-23 Ezra procured Levites to go with him; but what will that avail, unless he have God with him? Those who seek God, are safe under the shadow of his wings, even in their greatest dangers; but those who forsake him, are always exposed. When entering upon any new state of life, our care should be, to bring none of the guilt of the sins of our former condition into it. When we are in any peril, let us be at peace with God, and then nothing can do us any real hurt. All our concerns about ourselves, our families, and our estates, it is our wisdom and duty, by prayer to commit to God, and to leave the care of them with him. And, on some occasions, we should decline advantages which are within our reach, lest we should cause others to stumble, and so our God be dishonoured. Let us ask wisdom of God, that we may know how to use or to refuse lawful things. We shall be no losers by venturing, suffering, or giving up for the Lord's sake. Their prayers were answered, and the event declared it. Never have any that sought God in earnest, found that they sought him in vain. In times of difficulty and danger, to set a season apart for secret or for social prayer, is the best method for relief we can take.

Verses 24-30 Do we expect that God should, by his providence, keep that which belongs to us, let us, by his grace, keep that which belongs to him. Let God's honour and interest be our care; and then we may expect that our lives and comforts will be his.

Verses 31-36 Enemies laid wait for the Jews, but God protected them. Even the common perils of journeys, call us to go out with prayer, and to return with praise and thanksgiving. But what shall we render when the Lord has led us safely through the pilgrimage of life, through the gloomy vale of death, out of the reach of all our enemies, into everlasting happiness! Among their sacrifices they had a sin-offering. The atonement sweetens and secures every mercy to us, which will not be truly comfortable, unless sin be taken away, and our peace made with God. Then had the church rest. The expressions here used, direct us to the deliverance of sinners from spiritual bondage, and their pilgrimage to the heavenly Jerusalem, under the care and protection of their God and Saviour.

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we are told who and how many went up with Ezra to Jerusalem, Ezr 8:1-14, the gathering of them together at a river, from whence he sent to Babylon for Levites to come to him, who did, Ezr 8:15-20, the proclaiming a fast for a safe and prosperous journey, Ezr 8:21-23, the delivery of the vessels and money given him into the hands of priests, to take the care and charge thereof, Ezr 8:24-30, their safe arrival at Jerusalem, where they deposited the gifts in the temple, offered sacrifices to God, and delivered the king's commissions to his lieutenants and governors, Ezr 8:31-36.

Ezra 8 Commentaries

The Hebrew Names Version is in the public domain.