Jeremiah 52

The Fall of Jerusalem

1 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.
2 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim had done.
3 It was because of the LORD’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence. Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
4 So in the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon marched against Jerusalem with his whole army. They encamped outside the city and built siege works all around it.
5 The city was kept under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.
6 By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city had become so severe that there was no food for the people to eat.
7 Then the city wall was broken through, and the whole army fled. They left the city at night through the gate between the two walls near the king’s garden, though the Babylonians[a] were surrounding the city. They fled toward the Arabah,[b]
8 but the Babylonian[c] army pursued King Zedekiah and overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his soldiers were separated from him and scattered,
9 and he was captured. He was taken to the king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he pronounced sentence on him.
10 There at Riblah the king of Babylon killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes; he also killed all the officials of Judah.
11 Then he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he put him in prison till the day of his death.
12 On the tenth day of the fifth month, in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan commander of the imperial guard, who served the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.
13 He set fire to the temple of the LORD, the royal palace and all the houses of Jerusalem. Every important building he burned down.
14 The whole Babylonian army, under the commander of the imperial guard, broke down all the walls around Jerusalem.
15 Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard carried into exile some of the poorest people and those who remained in the city, along with the rest of the craftsmen[d] and those who had deserted to the king of Babylon.
16 But Nebuzaradan left behind the rest of the poorest people of the land to work the vineyards and fields.
17 The Babylonians broke up the bronze pillars, the movable stands and the bronze Sea that were at the temple of the LORD and they carried all the bronze to Babylon.
18 They also took away the pots, shovels, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes and all the bronze articles used in the temple service.
19 The commander of the imperial guard took away the basins, censers, sprinkling bowls, pots, lampstands, dishes and bowls used for drink offerings—all that were made of pure gold or silver.
20 The bronze from the two pillars, the Sea and the twelve bronze bulls under it, and the movable stands, which King Solomon had made for the temple of the LORD, was more than could be weighed.
21 Each pillar was eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumference[e] ; each was four fingers thick, and hollow.
22 The bronze capital on top of one pillar was five cubits[f] high and was decorated with a network and pomegranates of bronze all around. The other pillar, with its pomegranates, was similar.
23 There were ninety-six pomegranates on the sides; the total number of pomegranates above the surrounding network was a hundred.
24 The commander of the guard took as prisoners Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest next in rank and the three doorkeepers.
25 Of those still in the city, he took the officer in charge of the fighting men, and seven royal advisers. He also took the secretary who was chief officer in charge of conscripting the people of the land, sixty of whom were found in the city.
26 Nebuzaradan the commander took them all and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.
27 There at Riblah, in the land of Hamath, the king had them executed. So Judah went into captivity, away from her land.
28 This is the number of the people Nebuchadnezzar carried into exile: in the seventh year, 3,023 Jews;
29 in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year, 832 people from Jerusalem;
30 in his twenty-third year, 745 Jews taken into exile by Nebuzaradan the commander of the imperial guard. There were 4,600 people in all.

Jehoiachin Released

31 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the year Awel-Marduk became king of Babylon, on the twenty-fifth day of the twelfth month, he released Jehoiachin king of Judah and freed him from prison.
32 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a seat of honor higher than those of the other kings who were with him in Babylon.
33 So Jehoiachin put aside his prison clothes and for the rest of his life ate regularly at the king’s table.
34 Day by day the king of Babylon gave Jehoiachin a regular allowance as long as he lived, till the day of his death.

Jeremiah 52 Commentary

Chapter 52

The fate of Zedekiah. (1-11) The destruction of Jerusalem. (12-23) The captivities. (24-30) The advancement of Jehoiachin. (31-34)

Verses 1-11 This fruit of sin we should pray against above any thing; Cast me not away from thy presence, ( Psalms 51:11 ) . None are cast out of God's presence but those who by sin have first thrown themselves out. Zedekiah's flight was in vain, for there is no escaping the judgments of God; they come upon the sinner, and overtake him, let him flee where he will.

Verses 12-23 The Chaldean army made woful havoc. But nothing is so particularly related here, as the carrying away of the articles in the temple. The remembrance of their beauty and value shows us the more the evil of sin.

Verses 24-30 The leaders of the Jews caused them to err; but now they are, in particular, made monuments of Divine justice. Here is an account of two earlier captivities. This people often were wonders both of judgment and mercy.

Verses 31-34 ( 2 Kings. 25:27-30 ) Those under oppression will find it is not in vain for them to hope and quietly to wait for the salvation of the Lord. Our times are in God's hand, for the hearts of all we have to deal with are so. May we be enabled, more and more, to rest on the Rock of Ages, and to look forward with holy faith to that hour, when the Lord will bring again Zion, and overthrow all the enemies of the church.

Cross References 56

  • 1. S 2 Kings 24:17
  • 2. S Numbers 33:20; Joshua 10:29; 2 Kings 8:22
  • 3. S Jeremiah 36:30
  • 4. Isaiah 3:1
  • 5. S Genesis 4:14; S Exodus 33:15
  • 6. Ezekiel 17:12-16
  • 7. Zechariah 8:19
  • 8. Jeremiah 34:1; 2 Kings 25:1-7; Jeremiah 39:1
  • 9. S Jeremiah 6:6
  • 10. Ezekiel 24:1-2
  • 11. S Leviticus 26:26; S Isaiah 3:1; Lamentations 1:11
  • 12. Lamentations 4:19
  • 13. S Jeremiah 21:7; S Jeremiah 32:4
  • 14. S Numbers 34:11
  • 15. S Numbers 13:21
  • 16. S Jeremiah 22:30
  • 17. Jeremiah 34:4; Ezekiel 12:13; Ezekiel 17:16
  • 18. Zechariah 7:5; Zechariah 8:19
  • 19. ver 26; Jeremiah 39:9
  • 20. S 2 Chronicles 36:19; S Psalms 74:8; Lamentations 2:6
  • 21. S Deuteronomy 29:24; Psalms 79:1; Micah 3:12
  • 22. S Deuteronomy 13:16; S Jeremiah 19:13
  • 23. S Nehemiah 1:3; Lamentations 2:8
  • 24. S 2 Kings 24:1; S Jeremiah 1:3
  • 25. S Jeremiah 38:19
  • 26. Jeremiah 40:6
  • 27. S 1 Kings 7:15
  • 28. 1 Kings 7:27-37
  • 29. S 1 Kings 7:23
  • 30. Jeremiah 27:19-22
  • 31. S Numbers 4:14
  • 32. S Exodus 27:3; 1 Kings 7:45
  • 33. S Leviticus 10:1; S 1 Kings 7:50
  • 34. S Numbers 3:31
  • 35. Exodus 25:29
  • 36. S Numbers 4:7
  • 37. S Ezra 1:7; Daniel 5:2
  • 38. 1 Kings 7:25
  • 39. S 1 Kings 7:47
  • 40. S 1 Kings 7:15
  • 41. S 1 Kings 7:16
  • 42. S Exodus 28:33
  • 43. 1 Kings 7:20
  • 44. S ver 17; S Jeremiah 27:19
  • 45. S 2 Kings 25:18
  • 46. S 2 Kings 25:18; S Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 37:3
  • 47. S 2 Kings 12:9
  • 48. Jeremiah 36:10
  • 49. S ver 12
  • 50. S Numbers 34:11
  • 51. S Jeremiah 20:4
  • 52. S Deuteronomy 28:36; 2 Kings 24:14-16; S 2 Chronicles 36:20; S Nehemiah 1:2
  • 53. S Jeremiah 13:19
  • 54. S 2 Chronicles 36:9
  • 55. S 2 Samuel 9:7
  • 56. 2 Samuel 9:10

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Or "Chaldeans" ; also in verse 17
  • [b]. Or "the Jordan Valley"
  • [c]. Or "Chaldean" ; also in verse 14
  • [d]. Or "the populace"
  • [e]. That is, about 27 feet high and 18 feet in circumference or about 8.1 meters high and 5.4 meters in circumference
  • [f]. That is, about 7 1/2 feet or about 2.3 meters

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains the history of the besieging, taking, and destroying of Jerusalem; the moving cause of it, the wicked reign of Zedekiah, Jer 52:1-3; the instruments of it, the king of Babylon and his army, which besieged and took it, Jer 52:4-7; into whose hands the king of Judah, his sons, and the princes of Judah, fell; and were very barbarously and cruelly used by them, Jer 52:8-11. Then follows an account of the burning of the temple, the king's palace, and the houses in Jerusalem, and the breaking down of the walls of it, Jer 52:12-14; and of those that were carried captive, and of those that were left in the land by Nebuzaradan, Jer 52:15,16; and of the several vessels and valuable things in the temple, of gold, silver, and brass, it was plundered of, and carried to Babylon, Jer 52:17-23; and of the murder of several persons of dignity and character, Jer 52:24-27; and of the number of those that were carried captive at three different times, Jer 52:28-30; and the chapter is concluded with the exaltation of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and of the good treatment he met with from the king of Babylon to the day of his death, Jer 52:31-34.

Jeremiah 52 Commentaries

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