Luke 9

1 Then he called his twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority over all the demons and to cure diseases.
2 And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick.
3 And he said unto them, Take nothing for your journey: neither staves nor provision bag, neither bread, neither money, neither have two coats apiece.
4 And whatever house ye enter into, abide there and depart from there.
5 And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet for a testimony against them.
6 And they departed and went through the towns, preaching the gospel and healing every where.
7 Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him, and he was perplexed because it was said of some that John was risen from the dead,
8 and of some, that Elijah had appeared, and of others, that one of the old prophets was risen again.
9 And Herod said, I have beheaded John, but who is this of whom I hear such things? And he desired to see him.
10 And the apostles, when they were returned, told him all that they had done. And he took them and went aside privately into a desert place belonging to the city called Bethsaida.
11 And the people, when they knew it, followed him, and he received them and spoke unto them of the kingdom of God and healed those that had need of healing.
12 And when the day began to wear away, then came the twelve and said unto him, Send the multitude away that they may go into the towns and country round about and lodge and get victuals, for we are here in a desert place.
13 But he said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they said, We have no more than five loaves and two fishes, unless we should go and buy food for all these people.
14 For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down in companies of fifty.
15 And they did so and made them all sit down.
16 Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them and broke and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude.
17 And they ate and were all filled, and there was taken up of fragments that remained to them twelve baskets.
18 And it came to pass as he was alone praying, his disciples were with him, and he asked them, saying, Who do the people say that I am?
19 They answering said, John the Baptist; but some say, Elijah; and others say that one of the old prophets is risen again.
20 He said unto them, But who do ye say that I am? Peter answering said, The Christ of God.
21 And he straitly charged them and commanded them not to tell anyone this,
22 saying, The Son of man must suffer many things and be rejected of the elders and of the princes of the priests and scribes and be slain and be raised the third day.
23 And he said to them all, If anyone will come after me, let them deny themself and take up their cross {Gr. stauros – stake} daily and follow me.
24 For whosoever desires to save his soul shall lose it, but whosoever will lose his soul for my sake, the same shall save it.
25 For what is a man advantaged if he gains the whole world, having destroyed himself or having suffered the loss of himself?
26 For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed when he shall come in his own glory and in his Father’s and of the holy angels.
27 But I tell you in truth, there are some standing here who shall not taste of death until they see the kingdom of God.
28 And it came to pass about eight days after these words, he took Peter and John and James and went up into the mountain to pray.
29 And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering.
30 And, behold, two men talked with him, who were Moses and Elijah,
31 who appeared in majesty and spoke of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.
32 But Peter and those that were with him were heavy with sleep, and when they awoke, they saw his glory and the two men that stood with him.
33 And it came to pass as they departed from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to remain here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for thee and one for Moses and one for Elijah, not knowing what he said.
34 While he was speaking this, a cloud came and overshadowed them; and they feared as they entered into the cloud.
35 And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son; hear him.
36 And when the voice was past, Jesus was found alone. And they kept silent and told no one in those days any of those things which they had seen.
37 And it came to pass, that on the next day, when they were come down from the mountain, many people met him.
38 And, behold, a man of the multitude cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son, for he is my only child.
39 And, behold, a spirit takes him, and he suddenly cries out; and it throws him into convulsions with foaming, and with difficulty it departs from him, bruising him.
40 And I besought thy disciples to cast him out, and they could not.
41 And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and suffer you? Bring thy son here.
42 And as he was yet a coming, the demon threw him down into convulsions; but Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit and healed the child and delivered him again to his father.
43 And they were all amazed at the mighty power of God. But while they all wondered at all the things which Jesus did, he said unto his disciples,
44 Let these words sink down into your ears, for the Son of man shall be delivered into the hands of men.
45 But they did not understand this word, and it was hid from them that they should not understand, and they feared to ask him regarding this.
46 Then there arose a dispute among them, which of them should be the greatest.
47 But Jesus, seeing the thoughts of their heart, took a child and set him by him,
48 and said unto them, Whosoever shall receive this child in my name receives me, and whosoever shall receive me receives him that sent me; for he that is least among you all, the same shall be great.
49 And John answered and said, Master, we saw one casting out demons in thy name; and we forbade him, because he does not follow with us.
50 And Jesus said unto him, Forbid him not, for he that is not against us is for us.
51 And it came to pass when the time was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem
52 and sent messengers before his face; and they went and entered into a village of the Samaritans to make ready for him.
53 And they did not receive him because his face was as though he would go to Jerusalem.
54 And when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven and consume them, even as Elijah did?
55 But he turned and rebuked them and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of.
56 For the Son of man is not come to lose men’s souls, but to save them. And they went to another village.
57 And it came to pass that as they went in the way, a certain man said unto him, Lord, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.
58 And Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the heaven have nests, but the Son of man has not where to lay his head.
59 And he said unto another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.
60 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their dead, but go thou and declare the kingdom of God.
61 And another also said, Lord, I will follow thee, but let me first go bid farewell those who are at home at my house.
62 And Jesus said unto him, No one having put his hand to the plough and looking back is fit for the kingdom of God.

Luke 9 Commentary

Chapter 9

The apostles sent forth. (1-9) The multitude miraculously fed. (10-17) Peter's testimony to Christ, Self-denial enjoined. (18-27) The transfiguration. (28-36) An evil spirit cast out. (37-42) Christ checks the ambition of his disciples. (43-50) He reproves their mistaken zeal. (51-56) Every thing to be given up for Christ. (57-62)

Verses 1-9 Christ sent his twelve disciples abroad, who by this time were able to teach others what they had received from the Lord. They must not be anxious to commend themselves to people's esteem by outward appearance. They must go as they were. The Lord Jesus is the fountain of power and authority, to whom all creatures must, in one way or another, be subject; and if he goes with the word of his ministers in power, to deliver sinners from Satan's bondage, they may be sure that he will care for their wants. When truth and love thus go together, and yet the message of God is rejected and despised, it leaves men without excuse, and turns to a testimony against them. Herod's guilty conscience was ready to conclude that John was risen from the dead. He desired to see Jesus; and why did he not go and see him? Probably, because he thought it below him, or because he wished not to have any more reprovers of sin. Delaying it now, his heart was hardened, and when he did see Jesus, he was as much prejudiced against him as others, ( Luke 23:11 ) .

Verses 10-17 The people followed Jesus, and though they came unseasonably, yet he gave them what they came for. He spake unto them of the kingdom of God. He healed those who had need of healing. And with five loaves of bread and two fishes, Christ fed five thousand men. He will not see those that fear him, and serve him faithfully, want any good thing. When we receive creature-comforts, we must acknowledge that we receive them from God, and that we are unworthy to receive them; that we owe them all, and all the comfort we have in them, to the mediation of Christ, by whom the curse is taken away. The blessing of Christ will make a little go a great way. He fills every hungry soul, abundantly satisfies it with the goodness of his house. Here were fragments taken up: in our Father's house there is bread enough, and to spare. We are not straitened, nor stinted in Christ.

Verses 18-27 It is an unspeakable comfort that our Lord Jesus is God's Anointed; this signifies that he was both appointed to be the Messiah, and qualified for it. Jesus discourses concerning his own sufferings and death. And so far must his disciples be from thinking how to prevent his sufferings, that they must prepare for their own. We often meet with crosses in the way of duty; and though we must not pull them upon our own heads, yet, when they are laid for us, we must take them up, and carry them after Christ. It is well or ill with us, according as it is well or ill with our souls. The body cannot be happy, if the soul be miserable in the other world; but the soul may be happy, though the body is greatly afflicted and oppressed in this world. We must never be ashamed of Christ and his gospel.

Verses 28-36 Christ's transfiguration was a specimen of that glory in which he will come to judge the world; and was an encouragement to his disciples to suffer for him. Prayer is a transfiguring, transforming duty, which makes the face to shine. Our Lord Jesus, even in his transfiguration, was willing to speak concerning his death and sufferings. In our greatest glories on earth, let us remember that in this world we have no continuing city. What need we have to pray to God for quickening grace, to make us lively! Yet that the disciples might be witnesses of this sign from heaven, after awhile they became awake, so that they were able to give a full account of what passed. But those know not what they say, that talk of making tabernacles on earth for glorified saints in heaven.

Verses 37-42 How deplorable the case of this child! He was under the power of an evil spirit. Disease of that nature are more frightful than such as arise merely from natural causes. What mischief Satan does where he gets possession! But happy those that have access to Christ! He can do that for us which his disciples cannot. A word from Christ healed the child; and when our children recover from sickness, it is comfortable to receive them as healed by the hand of Christ.

Verses 43-50 This prediction of Christ's sufferings was plain enough, but the disciples would not understand it, because it agreed not with their notions. A little child is the emblem by which Christ teaches us simplicity and humility. What greater honour can any man attain to in this world, than to be received by men as a messenger of God and Christ; and to have God and Christ own themselves received and welcomed in him! If ever any society of Christians in this world, had reason to silence those not of their own communion, the twelve disciples at this time had; yet Christ warned them not to do the like again. Those may be found faithful followers of Christ, and may be accepted of him, who do not follow with us.

Verses 51-56 The disciples did not consider that the conduct of the Samaritans was rather the effect of national prejudices and bigotry, than of enmity to the word and worship of God; and through they refused to receive Christ and his disciples, they did not ill use or injure them, so that the case was widely different from that of Ahaziah and Elijah. Nor were they aware that the gospel dispensation was to be marked by miracles of mercy. But above all, they were ignorant of the prevailing motives of their own hearts, which were pride and carnal ambition. Of this our Lord warned them. It is easy for us to say, Come, see our zeal for the Lord! and to think we are very faithful in his cause, when we are seeking our own objects, and even doing harm instead of good to others.

Verses 57-62 Here is one that is forward to follow Christ, but seems to have been hasty and rash, and not to have counted the cost. If we mean to follow Christ, we must lay aside the thoughts of great things in the world. Let us not try to join the profession of Christianity, with seeking after worldly advantages. Here is another that seems resolved to follow Christ, but he begs a short delay. To this man Christ first gave the call; he said to him, Follow me. Religion teaches us to be kind and good, to show piety at home, and to requite our parents; but we must not make these an excuse for neglecting our duty to God. Here is another that is willing to follow Christ, but he must have a little time to talk with his friends about it, and to set in order his household affairs, and give directions concerning them. He seemed to have worldly concerns more upon his heart than he ought to have, and he was willing to enter into a temptation leading him from his purpose of following Christ. No one can do any business in a proper manner, if he is attending to other things. Those who begin with the work of God, must resolve to go on, or they will make nothing of it. Looking back, leads to drawing back, and drawing back is to perdition. He only that endures to the end shall be saved.

Luke 9 Commentaries

The Jubilee Bible

(from the Scriptures of the Reformation)

edited by Russell M. Stendal

Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2010