Exodus 1:8

8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

Exodus 1:8 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 1:8

Now there arose up a new king over Egypt
Stephen calls him another king, ( Acts 7:18 ) one of another family, according to Josephus F7; who was not of the seed royal, as Aben Ezra; and Sir John Marsham F8 thinks this was Salatis, who, according to Manetho F9, was the first of the Hycsi or pastor kings that ruled in lower Egypt; but these kings seem to have reigned before that time, (See Gill on Genesis 46:34) and Bishop Usher F11 takes this king to be one of the ancient royal family, whose name was Ramesses Miamun; and gives us a succession of the Egyptian kings from the time of Joseph's going into Egypt to this king: the name of that Pharaoh that reigned when Joseph was had into Egypt, and whose dreams he interpreted, was Mephramuthosis; after him reigned Thmosis, Amenophis, and Orus; and in the reign of the last of these Joseph died, and after Orus reigned Acenehres a daughter of his, then Rathotis a brother of Acenchres, after him Acencheres a son of Rathotis, then another Acencheres, after him Armais, then Ramesses, who was succeeded by Ramesses Miamun, here called the new king, because, as the Jews F12 say, new decrees were made in his time; and this Pharaoh, under whom Moses was born, they call Talma F13, and with Artapanus F14 his name is Palmanothes:

which knew not Joseph;
which is not to be understood of ignorance of his person, whom he could not know; nor of the history of him, and of the benefits done by him to the Egyptian nation, though, no doubt, this was among their records, and which, one would think, he could not but know; or rather, he had no regard to the memory of Joseph; and so to his family and kindred, the whole people of Israel: he acknowledged not the favours of Joseph to his nation, ungratefully neglected them, and showed no respect to his posterity, and those in connection with him, on his account; though, if a stranger, it is not to be wondered at.


F7 Antiqu. l. 2. c. 9. sect. 1.
F8 Canon. Chron. Sec. 8. p. 107.
F9 Apud Joseph. Contr. Apion. l. 1. sect. 14.
F11 Annal. Vet. Test. p. 17. 18.
F12 T. Bab. Erubin. fol. 53. 1.
F13 Juchasin, fol. 135. 2.
F14 Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 27. p. 431.

Exodus 1:8 In-Context

6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.
7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.
9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:
10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.
The King James Version is in the public domain.