Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom
The land of Idumea, and the inhabitants of it, who did indeed rejoice at the destruction of Jerusalem, ( Obadiah 1:12 ) ; and here, in an ironic manner, are bid to go on with their mirth, if they could, like the young man in ( Ecclesiastes 11:9 ) , as Aben Ezra observes; for it would not last long, their note would soon be changed: that dwellest in the land of Uz;
not the country of Job, which had its name from Uz the son of Nahor, ( Job 1:1 ) ( Genesis 22:21 ) ; but a country in Idumea, from whence the whole was so called, and that from Uz the son of Dishan, one of the sons of Seir: or else the sense is, that Edom or Idumea, and the inhabitants of it, dwelt upon the borders of Uz; and so agrees very well with the place of Job's residence, which was near the land of Edom. The Targum, according to R. Elias F15, is,
``rejoice, O wicked Rome;''but, in the king of Spain's Bible, it is,
``rejoice and be glad, O Constantine (that is, Constantinople), the city of wicked Edom, which art built in the land of Armenia;''and Jarchi says that Jeremiah prophesies concerning the destruction of the second temple, which the Romans destroyed; but in other copies, and according to Lyra, his words are, Jeremiah here prophesies concerning the destruction of the Roman empire, because that destroyed the temple; and it is usual with him, and other Rabbins, to interpret Edom of Rome; the cup also shall pass through unto thee;
``and thou shalt be emptied.''