1 Kings 10

The Visit of the Queen of Sheba

1 Now the queen of Sheba had heard of the fame of Solomon regarding the name of Yahweh, and she came to test him with hard questions.
2 So she came to Jerusalem with very great wealth; [with] camels carrying spices, very much gold, and precious stones. She came to Solomon, and she spoke to him all that was on her heart.
3 {Solomon answered all of her questions}; there was not a thing hidden from the king which he could not explain to her.
4 When the queen of Sheba observed all the wisdom of Solomon and the house which he had built,
5 the food of his table, the seat of his servants, the {manner} of his servants and their clothing, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he offered in the house of Yahweh, {she was breathless}.
6 Then she said to the king, "The report which I heard in my land was true concerning your accomplishments and your wisdom.
7 I had not believed the report to be true until I came and my eyes had seen, and behold! The half had not been told to me. {Your wisdom and prosperity surpass} the report that I had heard.
8 Happy [are] your men and happy [are] these your servants who stand before you continually hearing your wisdom.
9 May Yahweh your God be blessed, who has delighted in you to set you on the throne of Israel, because of the love of Yahweh for Israel forever, and he has made you king to execute justice and righteousness."
10 Then she gave the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, abundant spices, and precious stones. Spices as these did not come again in such abundance [as that which] the queen of Sheba brought to King Solomon.
11 Moreover, the fleet of ships of Hiram which carried the gold from Ophir [also] brought from Ophir abundant amounts of almug wood and precious stones.
12 The king made a raised structure for the house of Yahweh and for the house of the king out of the almug wood, as well as lyres and harps for the singers. [This much] almug wood has not come nor been seen [again] up to this day.
13 King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all of her desire that she asked, besides that which {King Solomon freely offered her}. Then she turned and went to her land with her servants.
14 The weight of the gold that came to Solomon in one year [was] six hundred and sixty-six talents of gold,
15 apart from [that of] the men of the traders and the profits of the traders, and all the kings of the Arabs and the governors of the land.
16 King Solomon made two hundred shields of hammered gold; six hundred [measures of] gold went up over each shield.
17 Also [he made] three hundred small shields of hammered gold; three minas of gold went up over each of the small shields; and the king put them [into] the House of the Forest of Lebanon.
18 The king also made a large ivory throne, and he overlaid it [with] fine gold.
19 Six steps [led up] to the throne, and [there was] a circular top to the throne behind it, and armrests were {on each side of the seat}, with two lions standing beside the armrests.
20 Twelve lions [were] standing there, six on each of the six steps {on either side}; nothing like this was made for any of the kingdoms.
21 All of the drinking vessels of King Solomon [were] gold, and all the vessels for the House of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. There was no silver; [it was] not considered as something valuable in the days of Solomon.
22 For the fleet of Tarshish belonged to the king [and was] on the sea with the fleet of Hiram; once every three years the fleet of Tarshish used to come carrying gold and silver, ivory, apes, and baboons.
23 King Solomon was greater than all the kings of the earth with respect to wealth and wisdom.
24 All of the earth [was] seeking the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom which God had put in his heart.
25 They [were] each bringing his gift; objects of silver and objects of gold, clothing, weapons, spices, horses, and mules. {This used to happen year after year}.
26 Solomon gathered chariots and horses; he had fourteen hundred chariots and twelve thousand horses. He stationed them in the cities of the chariots and with the king in Jerusalem.
27 The king made the silver in Jerusalem as the stones, and the cedars he made as the sycamore fig trees which are in the Shephelah in abundance.
28 The import of the horses which were Solomon's [was] from Egypt and from Kue; the traders of the king received [horses] from Kue at a price.
29 A chariot went up and went out from Egypt at six hundred silver [shekels] and a horse at a hundred and fifty. So it was for all the kings of the Hittites and for the kings of Aram; by their hand they were exported.

Footnotes 8

  • [a]. Literally "Solomon told her all of her words"
  • [b]. Literally "service"
  • [c]. Literally "and there was not in her spirit/breath any longer"
  • [d]. Literally "You have added wisdom and prosperity to"
  • [e]. Literally "according to the hand of King Solomon"
  • [f]. Literally "from this and from this"
  • [g]. Literally "from this and from this"
  • [h]. Literally "A thing of year to year"

1 Kings 10 Commentaries

Scripture quotations marked (LEB) are from the Lexham English Bible. Copyright 2012 Logos Bible Software. Lexham is a registered trademark of Logos Bible Software.