Hebrews 11

Examples of Faith in Action

1 Now faith is the realization of what is hoped for, the proof of things not seen.
2 For by this the people of old were approved.
3 By faith we understand the worlds were created by the word of God, in order that what is seen did not come into existence from what is visible.
4 By faith Abel offered to God a greater sacrifice than Cain, by which he was approved that he was righteous, [because] God approved [him] for his gifts, and through it he still speaks, [although he] is dead.
5 By faith Enoch was taken up, so that he did not experience death, and he was not found, because God took him up. For before his removal, he had been approved {as having been pleasing} to God.
6 Now without faith [it is] impossible to please [him], for the one who approaches God must believe that he exists and is a rewarder of those who seek him.
7 By faith Noah, having been warned about things not yet seen, out of reverence constructed an ark for the deliverance of his family, by which he pronounced sentence on the world and became an heir of the righteousness that comes by faith.
8 By faith Abraham, [when he] was called, obeyed to go out to a place that he was going to receive for an inheritance, and he went out, not knowing where he was going.
9 By faith he lived in the land of promise as a stranger, living in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the fellow heirs of the same promise.
10 For he was expecting the city that has foundations, whose architect and builder [is] God.
11 By faith also, {with Sarah}, he received {the ability to procreate} even {past the normal age}, because he regarded the one who had promised [to be] faithful.
12 And therefore these were fathered from one man, and [he] being as good as dead, as the stars of heaven in number and like the innumerable sand by the shore of the sea.
13 These all died in faith without receiving the promises, but seeing them from a distance and welcoming [them], and admitting that they were strangers and temporary residents on the earth.
14 For those who say such [things] make clear that they are seeking a homeland.
15 And if they remember that [land] from which they went out, they would have had opportunity to return.
16 But now they aspire to a better [land], that is, a heavenly [one]. Therefore God is not ashamed of them, to be called their God, for he has prepared for them a city.
17 By faith Abraham, [when he] was tested, offered Isaac, and the one who received the promises was ready to offer his one and only [son],
18 with reference to whom it was said, "In Isaac your descendants will be named,"
19 having reasoned that God [was] able even to raise [him] from the dead, from which he received him back also as a symbol.
20 By faith also Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things that were going to happen.
21 By faith Jacob, [as he] was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph and worshiped, [leaning] on the top of his staff.
22 By faith Joseph, [as he] was dying, mentioned about the exodus of the sons of Israel and gave instructions about his bones.
23 By faith Moses, [when he] was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw the child [was] handsome, and they were not afraid of the edict of the king.
24 By faith Moses, [when he] was grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter,
25 choosing instead to be mistreated with the people of God [rather] than to experience the transitory enjoyment of sin,
26 considering {reproach endured for the sake of Christ} greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking to the reward.
27 By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the anger of the king, for he persevered as [if he] saw the invisible one.
28 By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, in order that the one who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them.
29 By faith they crossed the Red Sea as if on dry land; the Egyptians, {when they made the attempt}, were drowned.
30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down [after they] had been marched around for seven days.
31 By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, [because she] welcomed the spies in peace.
32 And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell about Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, and Samuel and the prophets,
33 who through faith conquered kingdoms, accomplished justice, obtained what was promised, shut the mouths of lions,
34 extinguished the effectiveness of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, were made strong from weakness, became mighty in battle, put to flight enemy battle lines.
35 Women received back their dead by resurrection. But others were tortured, not accepting release, in order that they might gain a better resurrection.
36 And others {experienced mocking and flogging}, and in addition bonds and imprisonment.
37 They were stoned, they were sawed in two, they died by murder with a sword, they wandered about in sheepskins, in goatskins, impoverished, afflicted, mistreated,
38 of whom the world was not worthy, wandering about on deserts and mountains and in caves and in holes in the ground.
39 And [although they] all were approved through their faith, they did not receive what was promised,
40 [because] God had provided something better for us, so that they would not be made perfect without us.

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Footnotes 24

  • [a]. *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("was")
  • [b]. I.e., his faith
  • [c]. *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("is dead") which is understood as concessive
  • [d]. Literally "to be pleasing"
  • [e]. *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("was called")
  • [f]. Literally "with her, Sarah"
  • [g]. Some manuscripts have "even though Sarah herself was barren"
  • [h]. Literally "power to deposit seed"
  • [i]. Literally "beyond the time of maturity"
  • [j]. Some manuscripts have "they had been remembering"
  • [k]. A quotation from Gen 21:12
  • [l]. *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("was dying")
  • [m]. *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("was dying")
  • [n]. *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("afraid of")
  • [o]. *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("was")
  • [p]. Literally "the reproach of Christ"
  • [q]. *Here "[if]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("saw") which is understood as conditional
  • [r]. Literally "of which attempt making"
  • [s]. *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("had been marched around")
  • [t]. *Here "[because]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("welcomed") which is understood as causal
  • [u]. Literally "received experience of mocking and flogging"
  • [v]. *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("were approved") which is understood as concessive
  • [w]. Some manuscripts have "And all these, [although they] were approved"
  • [x]. *Here "[because]" is supplied as a component of the causal genitive absolute participle ("had provided")

Hebrews 11 Commentaries

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