Proverbs 13

1 A wise son is obedient to his father: but a disobedient son will be destroyed.
2 A good shall eat of the fruits of righteousness: but the lives of transgressors shall perish before their time.
3 He that keeps his own mouth keeps his own life: but he that is hasty with his lips shall bring terror upon himself.
4 Every slothful man desires, but the hands of the active are diligent.
5 A righteous man hates an unjust word: but an ungodly man is ashamed, and will have no confidence.
7 There are who, having nothing, enrich themselves: and there are who bring themselves down in much wealth.
8 A man's own wealth is the ransom of his life: but the poor endures not threatening.
9 The righteous always have light: but the light of the ungodly is quenched. Crafty souls go astray in sins: but just men pity, and are merciful.
10 A bad man does evil with insolence: but they that are judges of themselves are wise.
11 Wealth gotten hastily with iniquity is diminished: but he that gathers for himself with godliness shall be increased. The righteous is merciful, and lends.
12 Better is he that begins to help heartily, than he that promises and leads to hope: for a good desire is a tree of life.
13 He that slights a matter shall be slighted of it: but he that fears the commandment has health . To a crafty son there shall be nothing good: but a wise servant shall have prosperous doings, and his way shall be directed aright.
14 The law of the wise is fountain of life: but the man void of understanding shall die by a snare.
15 Sound discretion gives favour, and to know the law is the part of a sound understanding: but the ways of scorners tend to destruction.
16 Every prudent man acts with knowledge: but the fool displays his own mischief.
17 A rash king shall fall into mischief: but a wise messenger shall deliver him.
18 Instruction removes poverty and disgrace: but he that attends to reproofs shall be honoured.
19 The desires of the godly gladden the soul, but the works of the ungodly are far from knowledge.
20 If thou walkest with wise men thou shalt be wise: but he that walks with fools shall be known.
21 Evil shall pursue sinners; but good shall overtake the righteous.
22 A good man shall inherit children's children; and the wealth of ungodly men is laid up for the just.
23 The righteous shall spend many years in wealth: but the unrighteous shall perish suddenly.
24 He that spares the rod hates his son: but he that loves, carefully chastens .
25 A just eats and satisfies his soul: but the souls of the ungodly are in want.

Proverbs 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Verse 1 There is great hope of those that reverence their parents. There is little hope of any who will not hear those that deal faithfully with them. Verse 2 . By our words we must be justified or condemned, ( Verse 3 ) . He that thinks before he speaks, that suppresses evil if he have thought it, keeps his soul from a great deal both of guilt and grief. Many a one is ruined by an ungoverned tongue. Verse 4 . The slothful desire the gains the diligent get, but hate the pains the diligent take; therefore they have nothing. This is especially true as to the soul. Verse 5 . Where sin reigns, the man is loathsome. If his conscience were awake, he would abhor himself, and repent in dust and ashes. Verse 6 . An honest desire to do right, preserves a man from fatal mistakes, better than a thousand fine-drawn distinctions. Verse 7 . Some who are really poor, trade and spend as if they were rich: this is sin, and will be shame, and it will end accordingly. Some that are really rich, would be thought to be poor: in this there is want of gratitude to God, want of justice and charity to others. There are many hypocrites, empty of grace, who will not be convinced of their poverty. There are many fearing Christians, who are spiritually rich, yet think themselves poor; by their doubts, and complaints, and griefs, they make themselves poor. Verse 8 . Great riches often tempt to violence against those that possess them; but the poor are free from such perils. Verse 9 . The light of the righteous is as that of the sun, which may be eclipsed and clouded, but will continue: the Spirit is their Light, he gives a fulness of joy: that of the wicked is as a lamp of their own kindling, easily put out. Verse 10 . All contentions, whether between private persons, families, churches, or nations, are begun and carried forward by pride. Disputes would be easily prevented or ended, if it were not for pride. Verse 11 . Wealth gotten by dishonesty or vice, has a secret curse, which will speedily waste it. Verse 12 . The delay of what is anxiously hoped for, is very painful to the mind; obtaining it is very pleasant. But spiritual blessings are chiefly intended. Verse 13 . He that stands in awe of God, and reverences his word, shall escape destruction, and be rewarded for his godly fear. Verse 14 . The rule by which the wise regulate their conduct, is a fountain yielding life and happiness. Verse 15 . The way of sinners is hard upon others, and hard to the sinner himself. The service of sin is slavery; the road to hell is strewed with the thorns and thistles that followed the curse. Verse 16 . It is folly to talk of things of which we know nothing, and to undertake what we are no way fit for. Verse 17 . Those that are wicked, and false to Christ and to the souls of men, do mischief, and fall into mischief; but those that are faithful, find sound words healing to others and to themselves. Verse 18 . He that scorns to be taught, will certainly be brought down. Verse 19 . There are in man strong desires after happiness; but never let those expect any thing truly sweet to their souls, who will not be persuaded to leave their sins. Verse 20 . Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company. And all that make themselves wicked will be destroyed. Verse 21 . When God pursues sinners he is sure to overtake them; and he will reward the righteous. Verse 22 . The servant of God who is not anxious about riches, takes the best method of providing for his children. Verse 23 . The poor, yet industrious, thrive, though in a homely manner, while those who have great riches are often brought to poverty for want of judgment. Verse 24 . He acts as if he hated his child, who, by false indulgence, permits sinful habits to gather strength, which will bring sorrow here, and misery hereafter. Verse 25 . It is the misery of the wicked, that even their sensual appetites are always craving. The righteous feeds on the word and ordinances, to the satisfying of his soul with the promises of the gospel, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Bread of life.

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. See Appendix for Alexandrine text shown as: “Righteousness preserves the simple in the way, but sin makes worthless the ungodly.”
  • [b]. Or, comes not in for.

Proverbs 13 Commentaries

The Brenton translation of the Septuagint is in the public domain.