1 Chronicles 26

Divisions of the Gatekeepers

1 For the divisions of the gatekeepers there were of the Korahites, Meshelemiah the son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph.
2 Meshelemiah had sons: Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second, Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth,
3 Elam the fifth, Johanan the sixth, Eliehoenai the seventh.
4 1Obed-edom had sons: Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, Sacar the fourth, Nethanel the fifth,
5 Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh and Peullethai the eighth; God had indeed blessed him.
6 Also to his son Shemaiah sons were born who ruled over the house of their father, for they were mighty men of valor.
7 The sons of Shemaiah were Othni, Rephael, Obed and Elzabad, whose brothers, Elihu and Semachiah, were valiant men.
8 All these were of the sons of Obed-edom; they and their sons and their relatives were able men with strength for the service, 62 * from Obed-edom.
9 Meshelemiah had sons and relatives, 18 * valiant men.
10 Also 2Hosah, one of the sons of Merari had sons: Shimri the first (although he was not the firstborn, his father made him first ),
11 Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, Zechariah the fourth; all the sons and relatives of Hosah were 13 *.
12 To these divisions of the gatekeepers, the chief men, were given duties like their relatives to minister in the house of the LORD.
13 3They cast lots, the small and the great alike, according to their fathers' households, for every gate.
14 The lot to the east fell to Shelemiah. Then they cast lots for his son Zechariah, a counselor with insight, and his lot came out to the north.
15 For Obed-edom it fell to the south, and to his sons went the storehouse.
16 For Shuppim and Hosah it was to the west, by the gate of Shallecheth, on the ascending highway. Guard corresponded to guard.
17 On the east there were six Levites, on the north four daily, on the south four daily, and at the storehouse two by two.
18 At the 4Parbar on the west there were four at the highway and two at the Parbar.
19 These were the divisions of the gatekeepers of the sons of Korah and of the sons of Merari.

Keepers of the Treasure

20 The Levites, their relatives, had 5charge of the treasures of the house of God and of the treasures of the dedicated gifts.
21 The sons of Ladan, the sons of the Gershonites belonging to Ladan, namely, the Jehielites, were the heads of the fathers' households, belonging to Ladan the Gershonite.
22 The sons of Jehieli, Zetham and Joel his brother, had charge of the treasures of the house of the LORD.
23 As for the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites and the Uzzielites,
24 Shebuel the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, was officer over the treasures.
25 His relatives by Eliezer were Rehabiah his son, Jeshaiah his son, Joram his son, Zichri his son and Shelomoth his son.
26 This Shelomoth and his relatives had charge of all the treasures of the dedicated gifts 6which King David and the heads of the fathers' households, the commanders of thousands and hundreds, and the commanders of the army, had dedicated.
27 They dedicated part of the spoil won in battles to repair the house of the LORD.
28 And all that Samuel the seer had dedicated and Saul the son of Kish, Abner the son of Ner and Joab the son of Zeruiah, everyone who had dedicated anything, all of this was in the care of Shelomoth and his relatives.

Outside Duties

29 As for the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons 7were assigned to outside duties for Israel, as 8officers and judges.
30 As for the Hebronites, 9Hashabiah and his relatives, 1,700 * * capable men, had charge of the affairs of Israel west of the Jordan, for all the work of the LORD and the service of the king.
31 As for the Hebronites, 10Jerijah the chief (these Hebronites were investigated according to their genealogies and fathers' households, in the fortieth year of David's reign, and men of outstanding capability were found among them at 11Jazer of Gilead )
32 and his relatives, capable men, were 2,700 * * in number, heads of fathers' households. And King David made them overseers of the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe * of the Manassites 12concerning all the affairs of God and of the king.

1 Chronicles 26 Commentary

Chapter 26

The offices of the Levites.

- The porters and treasurers of the temple, had occasion for strength and valour to oppose those who wrongly attempted to enter the sanctuary, and to guard the sacred treasures. Much was expended daily upon the altar; flour, wine, oil, salt, fuel, beside the lamps; quantities of these were kept beforehand, besides the sacred vestments and utensils. These were the treasures of the house of God. These treasures typified the plenty there is in our heavenly Father's house, enough and to spare. From those sacred treasuries, the unsearchable riches of Christ, all our wants are supplied; and receiving from his fulness, we must give him the glory, and endeavour to dispose of our abilities and substance according to his will. We have an account of those employed as officers and judges. The magistracy is an ordinance of God for the good of the church, as truly as the ministry, and must not be neglected. None of the Levites who were employed in the service of the sanctuary, none of the singers or porters, were concerned in this outward business; one duty was enough to engage the whole man. Wisdom, courage, strength of faith, holy affections, and constancy of mind in doing our duty, are requisite or useful for every station.

Cross References 12

  • 1. 2 Samuel 6:11; 1 Chronicles 13:14
  • 2. 1 Chronicles 16:38
  • 3. 1 Chronicles 24:5, 31; 1 Chronicles 25:8
  • 4. 2 Kings 23:11
  • 5. 1 Chr 26:22, 24, 26; 1 Chronicles 28:12; Ezra 2:69
  • 6. 2 Samuel 8:11
  • 7. Nehemiah 11:16
  • 8. 1 Chronicles 23:4
  • 9. 1 Chronicles 27:17
  • 10. 1 Chronicles 23:19
  • 11. 1 Chronicles 6:81
  • 12. 2 Chronicles 19:11

Footnotes 15

  • [a]. In v 14, "Shelemiah"
  • [b]. In 9:19, "Ebiasaph"
  • [c]. Lit "brothers," and so throughout the ch
  • [d]. In 9:17, "Shallum"
  • [e]. Possibly "court" or "colonnade"
  • [f]. So Gr; Heb "As for the Levites, Ahijah had"
  • [g]. Lit "were over"
  • [h]. Lit "were over"
  • [i]. Lit "were over"
  • [j]. Heb "from the battles and from the spoil"
  • [k]. Lit "under the hand"
  • [l]. Heb "Shelomith"
  • [m]. Lit "beyond the Jordan westward"
  • [n]. Heb "according to the Hebronites...father's households"
  • [o]. Lit "every matter of God and matter of the king"

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have a further account of the disposition and distribution of the Levites, to serve in other offices, as of porters at the several gates of the temple, for which they cast lots, 1Ch 26:1-19 of others, as over the treasures of the house of the Lord, 1Ch 26:20-28, and of others that were appointed judges in the land, to administer justice to the people, 1Ch 26:29-32.

1 Chronicles 26 Commentaries

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