2 Samuel 5

David King over All Israel

1 1Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, "Behold, we are 2your bone and your flesh.
2 Previously, when Saul was king over us, 3you were the one who led Israel out and in. And the LORD said to you, '4You will shepherd My people Israel, and you will be 5a ruler over Israel.' "
3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David 6made a covenant with them before the LORD at Hebron; then 7they anointed David king over Israel.
4 David was 8thirty years old when he became king, and 9he reigned forty years.
5 At Hebron 10he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three * years over all Israel and Judah.
6 11Now the king and his men went to 12Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, and they said to David, "You shall not come in here, but the blind and lame will turn you away "; thinking, "David cannot enter here."
7 Nevertheless, David captured the stronghold of Zion, that is 13the city of David.
8 David said on that day, "Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him reach the lame and the blind, who are hated by David's soul, through the water tunnel." Therefore * they say, "The blind or the lame shall not come into the house."
9 So David lived in the stronghold and called it 14the city of David. And David built all around from the 15Millo and inward.
10 16David became greater and greater, for the LORD God of hosts was with him.
11 17Then Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David with cedar trees and carpenters * and stonemasons *; and 18they built a house for David.
12 And David realized that the LORD had established him as king over Israel, and that He had exalted his kingdom for the sake of His people Israel.
13 Meanwhile 19David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron; and more sons and daughters were born to David.
14 Now 20these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,
15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,
16 Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet.

War with the Philistines

17 When the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, 21all the Philistines went up to seek out David; and when David heard of it, he went down to the 22stronghold.
18 Now the Philistines came and spread themselves out in 23the valley of Rephaim.
19 Then 24David inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will You give them into my hand?" And 25the LORD said to David, "Go up, for I will certainly give the Philistines into your hand."
20 So David came to 26Baal-perazim and defeated them there; and he said, "The LORD has broken through my enemies before me like the breakthrough of waters." Therefore * he named * that place Baal-perazim.
21 They abandoned their idols there, so 27David and his men carried them away.
22 Now 28the Philistines came up once * again and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.
23 When 29David inquired of the LORD, He said, "You shall not go directly up; circle around behind them and come at them in front of the balsam trees.
24 "It shall be, when 30you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then you shall act promptly, for then 31the LORD will have gone out before you to strike the army of the Philistines."
25 Then David did so, just as the LORD had commanded him, and struck down the Philistines from 32Geba as far as 33Gezer.

2 Samuel 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

David king over all Israel. (1-5) He takes the strong-hold of Zion. (6-10) David's kingdom established. (11-16) He defeats the Philistines. (17-25)

Verses 1-5 David was anointed king a third time. His advances were gradual, that his faith might be tried, and that he might gain experience. Thus his kingdom typified that of the Messiah, which was to come to its height by degrees. Thus Jesus became our Brother, took upon him our nature, dwelt in it that he might become our Prince and Saviour: thus the humbled sinner takes encouragement from the endearing relation, applies for his salvation, submits to his authority, and craves his protection.

Verses 6-10 The enemies of God's people are often very confident of their own strength, and most secure when their day to fall draws nigh. But the pride and insolence of the Jebusites animated David, and the Lord God of hosts was with him. Thus in the day of God's power, Satan's strong-hold, the human heart, is changed into a habitation of God through the Spirit, and into a throne on which the Son of David rules, and brings every thought into obedience to himself. May He thus come, and claim, and cleanse, each of our hearts; and, destroying every idol, may he reign there for ever!

Verses 11-16 David's house was not the worse, nor the less fit to be dedicated to God, for being built by the sons of the stranger. It is prophesied of the gospel church, The sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee, ( Isaiah 60:10 ) . David's government was rooted and built up. David was established king; so is the Son of David, and all who, through him, are made to our God kings and priests. Never had the nation of Israel appeared so great as it began now to be. Many have the favour and love of God, yet do not perceive it, and so want the comfort of it; but to be exalted to that, and to perceive it, is happiness. David owned it was for his people's sake God had done great things for him; that he might be a blessing to them, and that they might be happy under him.

Verses 17-25 The Philistines considered not that David had the presence of God with him, which Saul had forfeited and lost. The kingdom of the Messiah, as soon as it was set up in the world, was thus attacked by the powers of darkness. The heathen raged, and the kings of the earth set themselves to oppose it; but all in vain, ( Psalm 2:1 ) . The destruction will turn, as this did, upon Satan's own kingdom. David owns dependence on God for victory; and refers himself to the good pleasure of God, Wilt thou do it? The assurance God has given us of victory over our spiritual enemies, should encourage us in our spiritual conflicts. David waited till God moved; he stirred then, but not till then. He was trained up in dependence on God and his providence. God performed his promise, and David failed not to improve his advantages. When the kingdom of the Messiah was to be set up, the apostles, who were to beat down the devil's kingdom, must not attempt any thing till they received the promise of the Spirit; who came with a sound from heaven, as of a rushing, mighty wind, ( Acts 2:2 ) .

Cross References 33

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 11:1-3
  • 2. 2 Samuel 19:13
  • 3. 1 Sam 18:5, 13, 16
  • 4. Genesis 49:24; 2 Samuel 7:7
  • 5. 1 Samuel 25:30
  • 6. 2 Samuel 3:21
  • 7. 1 Samuel 16:13; 2 Samuel 2:4
  • 8. Genesis 41:46; Numbers 4:3; Luke 3:23
  • 9. 1 Kings 2:11; 1 Chronicles 26:31
  • 10. 2 Samuel 2:11; 1 Chronicles 3:4; 1 Chronicles 29:27
  • 11. 1 Chronicles 11:4-9
  • 12. Joshua 15:63; Joshua 18:28; Judges 1:21
  • 13. 2 Samuel 6:12, 16; 1 Kings 2:10; 1 Kings 9:24
  • 14. 2 Samuel 5:7
  • 15. 1 Kings 9:15, 24
  • 16. 2 Samuel 3:1
  • 17. 1 Kin 5:1, 10, 18; 1 Chronicles 14:1
  • 18. Ps 30: title
  • 19. Deuteronomy 17:17; 1 Chronicles 3:9
  • 20. 1 Chronicles 3:5-8
  • 21. 1 Samuel 29:1
  • 22. 2 Samuel 23:14; 1 Chronicles 11:16
  • 23. Genesis 14:5; Joshua 15:8; Joshua 17:15; Joshua 18:16
  • 24. 1 Samuel 23:2
  • 25. 2 Samuel 2:1
  • 26. 1 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 28:21
  • 27. 1 Chronicles 14:12
  • 28. 2 Samuel 5:18
  • 29. 2 Samuel 5:19
  • 30. 2 Kings 7:6
  • 31. Judges 4:14
  • 32. Isaiah 28:21
  • 33. Joshua 12:12; Joshua 21:21

Footnotes 10

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have an account of all the tribes of Israel coming to Hebron, and anointing David king over them, 2Sa 5:1-5; of his expedition against the Jebusites in Jerusalem, and taking from them the strong hold of Zion, 2Sa 5:6-10; of his building an house for himself, and of his building up his family, by taking more wives and concubines, and having more children, whose names are given, 2Sa 5:11-16; and of an invasion of the land by the Philistines, and David's victory over them, 2Sa 5:17-25.

2 Samuel 5 Commentaries

New American Standard Bible Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, California.  All rights reserved.