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Deuteronomy 11

Rewards of Obedience

1 "You shall therefore 1love the LORD your God, and always * 2keep His charge, His statutes, His ordinances, and His commandments.
2 "Know this day 3that I am not speaking with your sons who have not known and who have not seen the discipline of the LORD your God -His greatness, His mighty hand and His outstretched arm,
3 and 4His signs and His works which He did in the midst of Egypt to Pharaoh the king of Egypt and to all his land;
4 and what He did to Egypt's army, to its horses and its chariots, 5when He made the water of the Red * Sea to engulf them while they were pursuing you, and the LORD completely * * destroyed them;
5 and what He did to you in the wilderness until you came to this place;
6 and 6what He did to Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben, when the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them, their households, their tents, and 7every living thing that followed them, among all Israel -
7 but your own eyes have seen all the great work of the LORD which He did.
8 "You shall therefore keep every commandment which I am commanding you today, 8so that you may be strong and go in and possess the land into which you are about to cross to possess it;
9 9so that you may prolong your days on the land which the LORD swore to your fathers to give to them and to their descendants, 10a land flowing with milk and honey.
10 "For the land, into which you are entering to possess it, is not like the land of Egypt from which you came, where you used to sow your seed and water it with your foot like a vegetable garden.
11 "But 11the land into which you are about to cross to possess it, a land of hills and valleys, drinks water from the rain of heaven,
12 a land for which the LORD your God cares; 12the eyes of the LORD your God are always on it, from the beginning even to the end of the year.
13 "It shall come about, 13if you listen obediently to my commandments which I am commanding you today, 14to love the LORD your God and to serve Him 15with all your heart and all your soul,
14 that 16He will give the rain for your land in its season, the 17early and late rain *, that you may gather in your grain and your new wine and your oil.
15 "18He will give grass in your fields for your cattle, and 19you will eat and be satisfied.
16 "20Beware that your hearts are not deceived, and that you do not turn away and serve other gods and worship them.
17 "Or 21the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you, and He will 22shut up the heavens 23so that there will be no rain and the ground will not yield its fruit; and 24you will perish quickly from the good land which the LORD is giving you.
18 "25You shall therefore impress these words of mine on your heart and on your soul; and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontals on your forehead *.
19 "26You shall teach them to your sons, talking of them when you sit in your house and when you walk along the road and when you lie down and when you rise up.
20 "27You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates,
21 so that 28your days and the days of your sons may be multiplied on the land which the LORD swore to your fathers to give them, as 29long as the heavens remain above the earth.
22 "For if you are 30careful to keep all this commandment which I am commanding you to do, 31to love the LORD your God, to walk in all His ways and 32hold fast to Him,
23 then the LORD will 33drive out all these nations from before * you, and you will 34dispossess nations greater and mightier than you.
24 "35Every place on which the sole of your foot treads shall be yours; 36your border will be from the wilderness to Lebanon, and from the river, the river Euphrates, as far as the western sea.
25 "37No man will be able to stand before you; the LORD your God will lay the dread of you and the fear of you on all the land on which you set foot, as He has spoken to you.
26 "38See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse:
27 the 39blessing, if you listen to the commandments of the LORD your God, which I am commanding you today;
28 and the 40curse, if you do not listen to the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside from the way which I am commanding you today, by following * other gods which you have not known.
29 "It shall come about, when the LORD your God brings you into the land where * you are entering to possess it, 41that you shall place the blessing on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ebal.
30 "Are they not across the Jordan, west of the way toward the sunset *, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the Arabah, opposite 42Gilgal, beside 43the oaks of Moreh?
31 "For you are about to cross the Jordan to go in to possess the land which the LORD your God is giving you, and 44you shall possess it and live in it,
32 and you shall be careful to do all the statutes and the judgments which I am setting before you today.

Deuteronomy 11 Commentary

Chapter 11

The great work God wrought for Israel. (1-7) Promises and threatenings. (8-17) Careful study of God's word requisite. (18-25) The blessings and the curse set forth. (26-32)

Verses 1-7 Observe the connexion of these two; Thou shalt love the Lord, and keep his charge. Love will work in obedience, and that only is acceptable obedience which flows from a principle of ( 1 John. 5:3 ) works of God which their eyes had seen. What our eyes have seen, especially in our early days, should affect us, and make us better long afterwards.

Verses 8-17 Moses sets before them, for the future, life and death, the blessing and the curse, according as they did or did not keep God's commandment. Sin tends to shorten the days of all men, and to shorten the days of a people's prosperity. God will bless them with an abundance of all good things, if they would love him and serve him. Godliness has the promise of the life that now is; but the favour of God shall put gladness into the heart, more than the increase of corn, and wine, and oil. Revolt from God to idols would certainly be their ruin. Take heed that your hearts be not deceived. All who forsake God to set their affection upon any creature, will find themselves wretchedly deceived, to their own destruction; and this will make it worse, that it was for want of taking heed.

Verses 18-25 Let all be directed by the three rules here given. 1. Let our hearts be filled with the word of God. There will not be good practices in the life, unless there be good thoughts, good affections, and good principles in the heart. 2. Let our eyes be fixed upon the word of God, having constant regard to it as the guide of our way, as the rule of our work, ( Psalms 119:30 ) . 3. Let our tongues be employed about the word of God. Nor will any thing do more to cause prosperity, and keeping up religion in a nation, than the good education of children.

Verses 26-32 Moses sums up all the arguments for obedience in two words, the blessing and the curse. He charged the people to choose which they would have. Moses then appointed a public and solemn proclamation of the blessing and curse, to be made upon the two mountains of Gerizim and Ebal. We have broken the law, and are under its curse, without remedy from ourselves. In mercy, the gospel again sets before us a blessing and a curse. A blessing, if we obey the call to repentance, to faith in Christ, and newness of heart and life through him; an awful curse, if we neglect so great salvation. Let us thankfully welcome these glad tidings of great joy; and let us not harden our hearts, but hear this voice of God while it is called to-day, and while he invites us to come to him upon a mercy-seat. Let us be diligent to make our calling and election sure.

Cross References 44

  • 1. Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 10:12
  • 2. Leviticus 18:30; Leviticus 22:9
  • 3. Deuteronomy 4:34
  • 4. Exodus 7:8-21
  • 5. Exodus 14:28; Deuteronomy 1:40; Deuteronomy 2:1
  • 6. Numbers 16:1-35; Psalms 106:16-18
  • 7. Numbers 26:10, 11
  • 8. Deut 31:6, 7, 23; Joshua 1:6, 7
  • 9. Deuteronomy 4:40; Deuteronomy 5:16, 33; Deuteronomy 6:2; Proverbs 10:27
  • 10. Exodus 3:8
  • 11. Deuteronomy 8:7
  • 12. 1 Kings 9:3
  • 13. Leviticus 26:3; Deuteronomy 7:12
  • 14. Deuteronomy 11:1
  • 15. Deuteronomy 4:29
  • 16. Leviticus 26:4; Deuteronomy 28:12
  • 17. Joel 2:23; James 5:7
  • 18. Psalms 104:14
  • 19. Deuteronomy 6:11
  • 20. Job 31:27
  • 21. Deuteronomy 6:15; Deuteronomy 9:19
  • 22. 1 Kings 8:35; 2 Chronicles 6:26; 2 Chronicles 7:13
  • 23. Deuteronomy 28:24
  • 24. Deuteronomy 4:26
  • 25. Exodus 13:9, 16; Deuteronomy 6:8
  • 26. Deuteronomy 4:9, 10; Deuteronomy 6:7; Proverbs 22:6
  • 27. Deuteronomy 6:9
  • 28. Proverbs 3:2; Proverbs 4:10; Proverbs 9:11
  • 29. Psalms 72:5
  • 30. Deuteronomy 6:17
  • 31. Deuteronomy 11:1
  • 32. Deuteronomy 10:20
  • 33. Deuteronomy 4:38
  • 34. Deuteronomy 9:1
  • 35. Joshua 1:3; Joshua 14:9
  • 36. Genesis 15:18; Exodus 23:31; Deuteronomy 1:7, 8
  • 37. Exodus 23:27; Deuteronomy 7:24
  • 38. Deuteronomy 30:1, 19
  • 39. Deuteronomy 28:1-14
  • 40. Deuteronomy 28:15-68
  • 41. Deuteronomy 27:12; Joshua 8:33
  • 42. Joshua 4:19
  • 43. Genesis 12:6
  • 44. Deuteronomy 17:14; Joshua 21:43

Footnotes 20

Chapter Summary


In this chapter, the exhortation to love the Lord, and keep his commands, is repeated and urged again and again from various considerations; as not only from the chastisement of Pharaoh and the wicked Egyptians, but of such Israelites who offended the Lord, and transgressed his law, De 12:1-7, from the goodness and excellency of the land they were going to inherit, De 11:8-11, from the blessing of rain that would come upon it, and be productive of all good things for man and beast, in case of obedience, and a restraint of it in case of disobedience, De 11:12-17, from the continuance of them and their offspring in the land, should they be careful to observe the commands themselves, and teach them their children, De 11:18-21, and from the extensiveness of their conquests and dominions, De 11:22-25 and from the different issue and effects of their conduct and behaviour, a blessing upon them if obedient, but a curse if disobedient, De 11:26-28 and the chapter is concluded with an exhortation to pronounce the blessing on Mount Gerizim, and the curse on Mount Ebal; the situation of which places is described when they should come into the land of Canaan, of which they are assured, De 11:29-32.

Deuteronomy 11 Commentaries

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