Exodus 3

The Burning Bush

1 Now Moses was pasturing the flock of 1Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness and came to 2Horeb, the 3mountain of God.
2 4The angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a 5bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed.
3 So Moses said, "6I must turn aside now and see this marvelous sight, why the bush is not burned up."
4 When the LORD saw that he turned aside to look, 7God called to him from the midst of the bush and said, "Moses, Moses!" And he said, "Here I am."
5 Then He said, "Do not come near here; 8remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground."
6 He said also, "9I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." 10Then Moses hid his face, for he was 11afraid to look at God.
7 The LORD said, "I have surely 12seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have given heed to their cry because * of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings.
8 "So I have come down 13to deliver them from the power of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a 14good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of 15the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite.
9 "Now, behold, 16the cry of the sons of Israel has come to Me; furthermore, I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them.

The Mission of Moses

10 "Therefore, come now, and I will send you to Pharaoh, 17so that you may bring My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt."
11 But Moses said to God, "18Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?"
12 And He said, "Certainly 19I will be with you, and this shall be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: 20when you have brought the people out of Egypt, 21you shall worship God at this mountain."
13 Then Moses said to God, "Behold, I am going to the sons of Israel, and I will say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you.' Now they may say to me, 'What is His name?' What shall I say to them?"
14 God said to Moses, "22I AM WHO I AM "; and He said, "Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.' "
15 God, furthermore, said to Moses, "Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, '23The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.' This is My name forever, and this is My 24memorial-name to all generations.
16 "Go and 25gather the elders of Israel together and say to them, '26The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, "27I am indeed concerned about you and what has been done to you in Egypt.
17 "So 28I said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of 29the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, to a land 30flowing with milk and honey."'
18 "31They will pay heed to what you say; and 32you with the elders of Israel will come to the king of Egypt and you will say to him, 'The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. So now, please, let us go a 33three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.'
19 "But I know that the king of Egypt 34will not permit you to go, 35except under compulsion *.
20 "So I will stretch out 36My hand and strike Egypt with all My 37miracles which I shall do in the midst of it; and 38after that he will let you go.
21 "I will grant this people 39favor in the sight of the Egyptians; and it shall be that when you go, you will not go empty-handed.
22 "But every woman 40shall ask of her neighbor and the woman who lives in her house, articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; and you will put them on your sons and daughters. Thus you will 41plunder the Egyptians."

Cross References 41

  • 1. Exodus 2:18; Exodus 4:18; Exodus 18:12; Numbers 10:29
  • 2. Exodus 3:12; Exodus 17:6; Exodus 33:6; 1 Kings 19:8
  • 3. Exodus 4:27; Exodus 18:5; Exodus 24:13
  • 4. Genesis 16:7-11; Genesis 21:17; Genesis 22:11, 15; Ex 3:4-11, 16; Judges 13:13-21; Acts 7:30
  • 5. Deuteronomy 33:16; Mark 12:26; Luke 20:37; Acts 7:30
  • 6. Acts 7:31
  • 7. Exodus 4:5
  • 8. Joshua 5:15; Acts 7:33
  • 9. Genesis 28:13; Exodus 3:16; Exodus 4:5; Matthew 22:32; Mark 12:26; Luke 20:37
  • 10. Acts 7:32
  • 11. Judges 13:22; Revelation 1:17
  • 12. Exodus 2:25; Nehemiah 9:9; Psalms 106:44; Isaiah 63:9; Acts 7:34
  • 13. Genesis 15:13-16; Genesis 46:4; Genesis 50:24, 25; Exodus 6:6-8; Exodus 12:51
  • 14. Exodus 3:17; Exodus 13:5; Numbers 13:27; Deuteronomy 1:25; Deuteronomy 8:7-9; Jeremiah 11:5; Ezekiel 20:6
  • 15. Genesis 15:19-21; Joshua 24:11
  • 16. Exodus 2:23
  • 17. Genesis 15:13, 14; Exodus 12:40, 41; Micah 6:4; Acts 7:6, 7
  • 18. Exodus 4:10; Exodus 6:12; 1 Samuel 18:18
  • 19. Genesis 31:3; Exodus 4:12, 15; Exodus 33:14-16; Deuteronomy 31:23; Joshua 1:5; Isaiah 43:2
  • 20. Exodus 19:1
  • 21. Exodus 19:2, 3; Acts 7:7
  • 22. Exodus 6:3; John 8:24, 28, 58; Hebrews 13:8; Revelation 1:8; Revelation 4:8
  • 23. Exodus 3:6, 13
  • 24. Psalms 30:4; Psalms 97:12; Psalms 102:12; Psalms 135:13; Hosea 12:5
  • 25. Exodus 4:29
  • 26. Genesis 28:13; Genesis 48:15; Exodus 3:2, 6; Exodus 4:5
  • 27. Exodus 4:31; Psalms 33:18
  • 28. Genesis 15:13-21; Genesis 46:4; Genesis 50:24, 25
  • 29. Joshua 24:11
  • 30. Exodus 3:8
  • 31. Exodus 4:31
  • 32. Exodus 5:1
  • 33. Exodus 5:3; Exodus 8:27
  • 34. Exodus 5:2
  • 35. Exodus 6:1
  • 36. Exodus 6:1; Exodus 7:4, 5; Exodus 9:15; Exodus 13:3, 9, 14
  • 37. Exodus 7:3; Exodus 15:11; Deuteronomy 6:22; Nehemiah 9:10; Psalms 105:27; Psalms 135:9; Jeremiah 32:20; Acts 7:36
  • 38. Exodus 11:1; Exodus 12:31-33
  • 39. Exodus 11:3; Exodus 12:36; 1 Kings 8:50; Psalms 105:37; Psalms 106:46; Proverbs 16:7
  • 40. Genesis 15:14; Exodus 11:2; Exodus 12:35
  • 41. Ezekiel 39:10

Footnotes 13

  • [a]. Or "rear part"
  • [b]. Lit "the"
  • [c]. Lit "Let me turn"
  • [d]. Lit "great"
  • [e]. Lit "hand"
  • [f]. Or "serve"
  • [g]. Related to the name of God, "YHWH," rendered LORD, which is derived from the verb "HAYAH, to be"
  • [h]. Related to the name of God, "YHWH," rendered LORD, which is derived from the verb "HAYAH, to be"
  • [i]. Related to the name of God, "YHWH," rendered LORD, which is derived from the verb "HAYAH, to be"
  • [j]. Lit "to generation of generation"
  • [k]. Lit "Visiting I have visited"
  • [l]. Lit "hear your voice"
  • [m]. Lit "by a strong hand"

Exodus 3 Commentaries

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