Job 22

Eliphaz Accuses and Exhorts Job

1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite responded *,
2 "Can a vigorous 1man be of use to God, Or a wise man be useful to himself?
3 "Is there any pleasure to the Almighty if you are righteous, Or profit if you make your ways perfect?
4 "Is it because of your reverence that He reproves you, That He 2enters into judgment against you?
5 "Is not 3your wickedness great, And your iniquities without end?
6 "For you have 4taken pledges of your brothers without cause, And 5stripped men naked.
7 "To the weary you have 6given no water to drink, And from the hungry you have 7withheld bread.
8 "But the earth 8belongs to the 9mighty man, And 10the honorable * man dwells in it.
9 "You have sent 11widows away empty, And the strength of the 12orphans has been crushed.
10 "Therefore * 13snares surround you, And sudden 14dread terrifies you,
11 Or 15darkness, so that you cannot see, And an 16abundance of water covers you.
12 "Is not God 17in the height of heaven? Look also at the distant stars, how high they are!
13 "You say, '18What does God know? Can He judge through the thick darkness?
14 '19Clouds are a hiding place for Him, so that He cannot see; And He walks on the vault of heaven.'
15 "Will you keep to the ancient path Which 20wicked men have trod,
16 Who were snatched away 21before their time, Whose 22foundations were washed away by a river?
17 "They 23said to God, 'Depart from us!' And 'What can the Almighty do to them?'
18 "Yet He 24filled their houses with good things; But 25the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
19 "The 26righteous see and are glad, And the innocent mock them,
20 Saying, 'Truly * our adversaries are cut off, And their abundance 27the fire has consumed.'
21 "28Yield now and be at peace with Him; Thereby good will come to you.
22 "Please receive 29instruction from His mouth And establish His words in your heart.
23 "If you 30return to the Almighty, you will be restored; If you 31remove unrighteousness far from your tent,
24 And 32place your gold in the dust, And the gold of Ophir among the stones of the brooks,
25 Then the Almighty will be your gold And choice silver to you.
26 "For then you will 33delight in the Almighty And lift up your face to God.
27 "You will 34pray to Him, and 35He will hear you; And you will pay your vows.
28 "You will also decree a thing, and it will be established for you; And 36light will shine on your ways.
29 "When you are cast down, you will speak with confidence, And the 37humble * person * He will save.
30 "He will deliver one who is not innocent, And he will be 38delivered through the cleanness of your hands."

Job 22 Commentary

Chapter 22

Eliphaz shows that a man's goodness profits not God. (1-4) Job accused of oppression. (5-14) The world before the flood. (15-20) Eliphaz exhorts Job to repentance. (21-30)

Verses 1-4 Eliphaz considers that, because Job complained so much of his afflictions, he thought God was unjust in afflicting him; but Job was far from thinking so. What Eliphaz says, is unjustly applied to Job, but it is very true, that when God does us good it is not because he is indebted to us. Man's piety is no profit to God, no gain. The gains of religion to men are infinitely greater than the losses of it. God is a Sovereign, who gives no account of his conduct; but he is perfectly wise, just, faithful, good, and merciful. He approves the likeness of his own holiness, and delights in the fruits of his Spirit; he accepts the thankful services of the humble believer, while he rejects the proud claim of the self-confident.

Verses 5-14 Eliphaz brought heavy charges against Job, without reason for his accusations, except that Job was visited as he supposed God always visited every wicked man. He charges him with oppression, and that he did harm with his wealth and power in the time of his prosperity.

Verses 15-20 Eliphaz would have Job mark the old way that wicked men have trodden, and see what the end of their way was. It is good for us to mark it, that we may not walk therein. But if others are consumed, and we are not, instead of blaming them, and lifting up ourselves, as Eliphaz does here, we ought to be thankful to God, and take it for a warning.

Verses 21-30 The answer of Eliphaz wrongly implied that Job had hitherto not known God, and that prosperity in this life would follow his sincere conversion. The counsel Eliphaz here gives is good, though, as to Job, it was built upon a false supposition that he was a stranger and enemy to God. Let us beware of slandering our brethren; and if it be our lot to suffer in this manner, let us remember how Job was treated; yea, how Jesus was reviled, that we may be patient. Let us examine whether there may not be some colour for the slander, and walk watchfully, so as to be clear of all appearances of evil.

Cross References 38

  • 1. Job 35:7; Luke 17:10
  • 2. Job 14:3; Job 19:29
  • 3. Job 11:6; Job 15:5
  • 4. Exodus 22:26; Deuteronomy 24:6, 17; Job 24:3, 9; Ezekiel 18:16
  • 5. Job 31:19, 20
  • 6. Job 31:16, 17
  • 7. Job 31:31
  • 8. Job 9:24
  • 9. Job 12:19
  • 10. Isaiah 3:3; Isaiah 9:15
  • 11. Job 24:3, 21; Job 29:13; Job 31:16, 18
  • 12. Job 6:27
  • 13. Job 18:8
  • 14. Job 15:21
  • 15. Job 5:14
  • 16. Job 38:34; Psalms 69:2; Psalms 124:5; Lamentations 3:54
  • 17. Job 11:7-9
  • 18. Psalms 10:11; Psalms 59:7; Psalms 64:5; Psalms 94:7; Isaiah 29:15; Ezekiel 8:12
  • 19. Job 26:9
  • 20. Job 34:36
  • 21. Job 15:32; Job 21:13, 18
  • 22. Job 14:19; Psalms 90:5; Isaiah 28:2; Matthew 7:26, 27
  • 23. Job 21:14, 15
  • 24. Job 12:6
  • 25. Job 21:16
  • 26. Psalms 52:6; Psalms 58:10; Psalms 107:42
  • 27. Job 15:30
  • 28. Psalms 34:10
  • 29. Job 6:10; Job 23:12; Proverbs 2:6
  • 30. Job 8:5; Job 11:13; Isaiah 19:22; Isaiah 31:6; Zechariah 1:3
  • 31. Job 11:14
  • 32. Job 31:24, 25
  • 33. Job 27:10; Psalms 37:4; Isaiah 58:14
  • 34. Job 11:13; Job 33:26; Isaiah 58:9
  • 35. Job 34:28
  • 36. Job 11:17; Psalms 112:4
  • 37. Job 5:11; Job 36:7; Matthew 23:12; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5
  • 38. Job 42:7, 8; Psalms 18:20; Psalms 24:3, 4

Footnotes 21

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains the third and last reply of Eliphaz to Job, in which he charges him with having too high an opinion of himself, of his holiness and righteousness, as if God was profited by it, and laid thereby under obligation to him, whereas he was not, Job 22:1-3; and as if he reproved and chastised him, because of his fear of him, whereas it was because of his sins, Job 22:4,5; an enumeration of which he gives, as of injustice, oppression, cruelty to the poor, and even of atheism and infidelity, for which snares and fears were around him, and various calamities, Job 22:6-14; and compares his way and course of life to that of the men of the old world, and the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah, and suggests that his end would be like theirs, unless he repented, Job 22:15-20; and then concludes with an exhortation to him to return to God by repentance, and to reform, when he should see happy times again, and enjoy much outward and inward prosperity, and be an instrument of doing much good to many, Job 22:21-30.

Job 22 Commentaries

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