Leviticus 2

The Law of Grain Offerings

1 'Now when anyone presents a 1grain offering as an offering to the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour, and he shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it.
2 'He shall then bring it to Aaron's sons the priests; and shall take from it 2his handful * of its fine flour and of its oil with all of its frankincense. And the priest shall offer it up in smoke as its 3memorial portion on the altar, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the LORD.
3 '4The remainder of the grain offering belongs to 5Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy, of the offerings to the LORD by fire.
4 'Now when you bring an offering of a grain offering baked in an oven, it shall be 6unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.
5 'If your offering is a grain offering made 7on the griddle, it shall be of fine flour, unleavened, mixed with oil;
6 you shall break it into bits and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.
7 'Now if your offering is a grain offering made 8in a pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.
8 'When you bring in the grain offering which is made of these things to the LORD, it shall be presented to the priest and he shall bring it to the altar.
9 'The priest then shall take up from the grain offering 9its memorial portion, and shall offer it up in smoke on the altar as an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the LORD.
10 '10The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy of the offerings to the LORD by fire.
11 '11No * grain offering, which you bring to the LORD, shall be made with leaven, for you shall not offer up in smoke any leaven or any honey as an 12offering by fire to the LORD.
12 '13As an offering of first fruits you shall bring them to the LORD, but they shall not ascend for a soothing aroma on the altar.
13 'Every grain offering * of yours, moreover, you shall season with salt, so that 14the salt of the covenant of your God shall not be lacking from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.
14 'Also if you bring a grain offering of early ripened things to the LORD, you shall bring 15fresh heads of grain roasted in the fire, grits of new growth, for the grain offering of your early ripened things.
15 'You shall then put oil on it and lay incense on it; it is a grain offering.
16 'The priest shall offer up in smoke 16its memorial portion, part of its grits and its oil with all its incense as an offering by fire to the LORD.

Leviticus 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

The meat-offering of flour. (1-11) The offering of first-fruits. (12-16)

Verses 1-11 Meat-offerings may typify Christ, as presented to God for us, and as being the Bread of life to our souls; but they rather seem to denote our obligation to God for the blessings of providence, and those good works which are acceptable to God. The term "meat" was, and still is, properly given to any kind of provision, and the greater part of this offering was to be eaten for food, not burned. These meat-offerings are mentioned after the burnt-offerings: without an interest in the sacrifice of Christ, and devotedness of heart to God, such services cannot be accepted. Leaven is the emblem of pride, malice, and hypocrisy, and honey of sensual pleasure. The former are directly opposed to the graces of humility, love, and sincerity, which God approves; the latter takes men from the exercises of devotion, and the practice of good works. Christ, in his character and sacrifice, was wholly free from the things denoted by leaven; and his suffering life and agonizing death were the very opposites to worldly pleasure. His people are called to follow, and to be like him.

Verses 12-16 Salt is required in all the offerings. God hereby intimates to them that their sacrifices, in themselves, were unsavoury. All religious services must be seasoned with grace. Christianity is the salt of the earth. Directions are given about offering their first-fruits at harvest. If a man, with a thankful sense of God's goodness in giving him a plentiful crop, was disposed to present an offering to God, let him bring the first ripe and full ears. Whatever was brought to God must be the best in its kind, though it were but green ears of corn. Oil and frankincense must be put upon it. Wisdom and humility soften and sweeten the spirits and services of young people, and their green ears of corn shall be acceptable. God takes delight in the first ripe fruits of the Spirit, and the expressions of early piety and devotion. Holy love to God is the fire by which all our offerings must be made. The frankincense denotes the mediation and intercession of Christ, by which our services are accepted. Blessed be God that we have the substance, of which these observances were but shadows. There is that excellency in Christ, and in his work as Mediator, which no types and shadows can fully represent. And our dependence thereon must be so entire, that we must never lose sight of it in any thing we do, if we would be accepted of God.

Cross References 16

  • 1. Leviticus 6:14-18; Numbers 15:4
  • 2. Leviticus 5:12; Leviticus 6:15
  • 3. Leviticus 2:9, 16; Leviticus 5:12; Leviticus 24:7; Acts 10:4
  • 4. Leviticus 2:10; Leviticus 6:16
  • 5. Leviticus 10:12, 13
  • 6. Exodus 29:2
  • 7. Leviticus 6:21; Leviticus 7:9
  • 8. Leviticus 7:9
  • 9. Leviticus 2:2, 16; Leviticus 5:12
  • 10. Leviticus 2:3; Leviticus 6:16
  • 11. Exodus 23:18; Exodus 34:25; Leviticus 6:16, 17
  • 12. Exodus 29:25; Leviticus 1:13
  • 13. Exodus 34:22; Leviticus 7:13; Leviticus 23:10, 17, 18
  • 14. Numbers 18:19; 2 Chronicles 13:5; Ezekiel 43:24
  • 15. Leviticus 23:14
  • 16. Leviticus 2:2

Footnotes 3

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains the law of the meat offering, and gives an account of what it was made of, fine flour, with oil poured, and frankincense put upon it, Le 2:1 what was done with it; part of it burnt upon the altar, and the rest was the property of the priests, Le 2:2,3,8-10 how it was to be when baked in an oven, or in a pan, or fried in a frying pan, Le 2:4-7 what was prohibited in it, leaven and honey, Le 2:11 what was to be used in it, salt, Le 2:13 and what was to be the oblation and meat offering of the first fruits, and what to be done with it, Le 2:12,14-16.

Leviticus 2 Commentaries

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