Leviticus 7

The Priest's Part in the Offerings

1 'Now this is the law of the 1guilt offering; it is most holy.
2 'In 2the place where they slay the burnt offering they are to slay the guilt offering, and he shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
3 'Then he shall offer from it all its fat: the 3fat tail and the fat that covers the entrails,
4 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, which is on the loins, and the lobe on the liver he shall remove 4with the kidneys.
5 'The priest shall offer them up in smoke on the altar as an offering by fire to the LORD; it is a guilt offering.
6 '5Every male among the priests may eat of it. It shall be eaten in a holy place; it is most holy.
7 'The guilt offering is like the 6sin offering, there is one law for them; the 7priest who makes atonement with it shall have it.
8 'Also the priest who presents any man's burnt offering, that priest shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has presented.
9 'Likewise, every grain offering that is baked in the oven and everything prepared in a pan or on a 8griddle shall belong to the priest who presents it.
10 'Every grain offering, mixed with oil or dry, shall belong to all the sons of Aaron, to all alike.
11 'Now this is the law of the 9sacrifice of peace offerings which shall be presented to the LORD.
12 'If he offers it by way of 10thanksgiving, then along with the sacrifice of thanksgiving he shall offer 11unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers spread with oil, and cakes of well stirred fine flour mixed with oil.
13 'With the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving, he shall present his offering with cakes of 12leavened bread.
14 'Of this he shall present one of every offering as a contribution to the LORD; 13it shall belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the peace offerings.
15 '14Now as for the flesh of the sacrifice of his thanksgiving peace offerings, it shall be eaten on the day of his offering; he shall not leave any of it over until morning.
16 'But if the sacrifice of his offering is a 15votive or a freewill offering, it shall be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice, and on the next day what is left of it may be eaten;
17 16but what is left over from the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned with fire.
18 'So if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings should ever be eaten on the third day, he who offers it will not be accepted, and it will not be reckoned to his benefit. It shall be an 17offensive thing, and the person who eats of it will bear his own iniquity.
19 'Also the flesh that touches anything unclean shall not be eaten; it shall be burned with fire. As for other flesh, anyone who is clean may eat such flesh.
20 '18But the person who eats the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings which belong to the LORD, in his uncleanness, that person 19shall be cut off from his people.
21 '20When anyone touches anything unclean, whether human uncleanness, or an unclean animal, or any unclean detestable thing, and eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings which belong to the LORD, that person shall be cut off from his people.' "
22 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
23 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'You shall not eat 21any fat from an ox, a sheep or a goat.
24 'Also the fat of an animal which dies and the fat of an animal 22torn by beasts may be put to any other use, but you must certainly not eat it.
25 'For whoever eats the fat of the animal from which an offering by fire is offered to the LORD, even the person who eats shall be cut off from his people.
26 '23You are not to eat any blood, either of bird or animal, in any of your dwellings.
27 'Any person who eats any blood, even that person shall be cut off from his people.' "
28 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
29 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'He who offers 24the sacrifice of his peace offerings to the LORD shall bring his offering to the LORD from the sacrifice of his peace offerings.
30 'His own hands are to bring offerings by fire to the LORD. He shall bring the fat with the breast, that the 25breast may be presented as a wave offering before the LORD.
31 'The priest shall offer up the fat in smoke on the altar, but 26the breast shall belong to Aaron and his sons.
32 'You shall give 27the right thigh to the priest as a contribution from the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
33 'The one among the sons of Aaron who offers the blood of the peace offerings and the fat, the right thigh shall be his as his portion.
34 'For I have taken 28the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the contribution from the sons of Israel from the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons as their due forever from the sons of Israel.
35 'This is that which is consecrated to Aaron and that 29which is consecrated to his sons from the offerings by fire to the LORD, in that day when he presented them to serve as priests to the LORD.
36 'These the LORD had commanded to be given them from the sons of Israel in the day that He 30anointed them. It is their due forever throughout their generations.' "
37 This is the law of the burnt offering, the grain offering and the sin offering and the guilt offering and 31the ordination offering and the sacrifice of peace offerings,
38 32which the LORD commanded Moses at Mount Sinai in the day that He commanded the sons of Israel to present their offerings to the LORD in the wilderness of Sinai.

Leviticus 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

Concerning the trespass-offering. (1-10) Concerning the peace-offering. (11-27) The wave and heave offerings. (28-34) The conclusion of these institutions. (35-38)

Verses 1-10 In the sin-offering and the trespass-offering, the sacrifice was divided between the altar and the priest; the offerer had no share, as he had in the peace-offerings. The former expressed repentance and sorrow for sin, therefore it was more proper to fast than feast; the peace-offerings denoted communion with a reconciled God in Christ, the joy and gratitude of a pardoned sinner, and the privileges of a true believer.

Verses 11-27 As to the peace-offerings, in the expression of their sense of mercy, God left them more at liberty, than in the expression of their sense of sin; that their sacrifices, being free-will offerings, might be the more acceptable, while, by obliging them to bring the sacrifices of atonement, God shows the necessity of the great Propitiation. The main reason why blood was forbidden of old, was because the Lord had appointed blood for an atonement. This use, being figurative, had its end in Christ, who by his death and blood-shedding caused the sacrifices to cease. Therefore this law is not now in force on believers.

Verses 28-34 The priest who offered, was to have the breast and the right shoulder. When the sacrifice was killed, the offerer himself must present God's part of it; that he might signify his cheerfully giving it up to God. He was with his own hands to lift it up, in token of his regard to God as the God of heaven; and then to wave it to and fro, in token of his regard to God as the Lord of the whole earth. Be persuaded and encouraged to feed and feast upon Christ, our Peace-offering. This blessed Peace-offering is not for the priests only, for saints of the highest rank and greatest eminence, but for the common people also. Take heed of delay. Many think to repent and return to God when they are dying and dropping into hell; but they should eat the peace-offering, and eat it now. Stay not till the day of the Lord's patience be run out, for eating the third day will not be accepted, nor will catching at Christ when thou art gone to hell!

Verses 35-38 Solemn acts of religious worship are not things which we may do or not do at our pleasure; it is at our peril if we omit them. An observance of the laws of Christ cannot be less necessary than of the laws of Moses.

Cross References 32

  • 1. Lev 5:14-6:7
  • 2. Leviticus 1:11
  • 3. Leviticus 3:9
  • 4. Leviticus 3:4
  • 5. Leviticus 6:18, 29; Numbers 18:9
  • 6. Lev 6:25, 26, 30
  • 7. 1 Corinthians 9:13; 1 Corinthians 10:18
  • 8. Leviticus 2:5
  • 9. Leviticus 3:1
  • 10. Leviticus 7:15
  • 11. Leviticus 2:4; Numbers 6:15
  • 12. Leviticus 2:12; Leviticus 23:17, 18; Amos 4:5
  • 13. Num 18:8, 11, 19
  • 14. Leviticus 22:29, 30
  • 15. Leviticus 19:5-8
  • 16. Exodus 12:10
  • 17. Leviticus 19:7; Proverbs 15:8
  • 18. Leviticus 22:3-7; Numbers 19:13
  • 19. Leviticus 7:25
  • 20. Leviticus 5:2, 3
  • 21. Leviticus 3:17
  • 22. Exodus 22:31; Leviticus 17:15; Leviticus 22:8
  • 23. Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 17:10-16; Leviticus 19:26; Deuteronomy 12:23; 1 Samuel 14:33; Acts 15:20
  • 24. Leviticus 3:1
  • 25. Exodus 29:26, 27; Leviticus 8:29; Numbers 6:20
  • 26. Numbers 18:11; Deuteronomy 18:3
  • 27. Exodus 29:27; Leviticus 7:34; Leviticus 9:21; Numbers 6:20
  • 28. Exodus 29:27; Leviticus 10:14, 15; Numbers 18:18
  • 29. Numbers 18:8
  • 30. Exodus 40:13-15; Leviticus 8:12, 30
  • 31. Exodus 29:22-34; Leviticus 8:22, 23
  • 32. Leviticus 1:1; Leviticus 26:46; Leviticus 27:34; Deuteronomy 4:5

Footnotes 22

Chapter Summary


The several things contained in this chapter are the law of the trespass offering, Le 7:1-7 the portion the priests had in the burnt offerings and meat offerings, Le 7:8-10 the law of the peace offerings, whether by way of thanksgiving, or a vow, or voluntary oblation, Le 7:11-21 the prohibition of fat and blood, Le 7:22-27 the parts the priests should have in the peace offerings, the breast and right shoulder, Le 7:28-36 and the chapter is concluded with a recapitulation of the various things contained in this and the preceding chapters, Le 7:37,38.

Leviticus 7 Commentaries

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