Luke 5

The First Disciples

1 1Now it happened that while the crowd was pressing around Him and listening to the word of God, He was standing by 2the lake of Gennesaret;
2 and He saw two boats lying at the edge of the lake; but the fishermen had gotten out of them and were washing their nets.
3 And 3He got into one of the boats, which was Simon's, and asked him to put out a little way from the land. And He sat down and began teaching the people from the boat.
4 When He had finished speaking, He said to Simon, "Put out into the deep water and 4let down your nets for a catch."
5 Simon answered and said, "5Master, 6we worked hard all night and caught nothing, but I will do as You say and let down the nets."
6 When they had done this, 7they enclosed a great quantity of fish, and their nets began to break;
7 so they signaled to their partners in the other boat for them to come and help them. And they came and filled both of the boats, so that they began to sink.
8 But when Simon Peter saw that, he fell down at Jesus' feet, saying, "Go away from me Lord, for I am a sinful man, O Lord!"
9 For amazement had seized him and all his companions * because of the catch of fish which they had taken;
10 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, "8Do not fear, from now on you will be 9catching men."
11 When they had brought their boats to land, 10they left everything and followed Him.

The Leper and the Paralytic

12 11While He was in one of the cities, behold, there was a man covered with leprosy; and when he saw Jesus, he fell on his face and implored Him, saying, "Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean."
13 And He stretched out His hand and touched him, saying, "I am willing; be cleansed." And immediately the leprosy left him.
14 And He ordered him to tell no one, "But go and 12show yourself to the priest and make an offering for your cleansing, just as Moses commanded, as a testimony to them."
15 But 13the news about Him was spreading even farther, and large crowds were gathering to hear Him and to be healed of their sicknesses.
16 But Jesus Himself would often slip away to the wilderness and 14pray.
17 One day He was teaching; and 15there were some Pharisees and 16teachers of the law sitting there, who had 17come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem; and 18the power of the Lord was present for Him to perform healing.
18 19And some men were carrying on a bed a man who was paralyzed; and they were trying to bring him in and to set him down in front of Him.
19 But not finding any way to bring him in because of the crowd, they went up on 20the roof and let him down 21through the tiles with his stretcher, into the middle of the crowd, in front of Jesus.
20 Seeing their faith, He said, "Friend, 22your sins are forgiven you."
21 The scribes and the Pharisees 23began to reason, saying, "24Who is this man who speaks blasphemies? 25Who can forgive sins, but God alone?"
22 But Jesus, aware of their reasonings, answered and said to them, "Why are you reasoning in your hearts?
23 "Which is easier, to say, 'Your sins have been forgiven you,' or to say, 'Get up and walk '?
24 "But, so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins,"-He said to the 26paralytic - "I say to you, get up, and pick up your stretcher and go home."
25 Immediately he got up before them, and picked up what he had been lying on, and went home 27glorifying God.
26 They were all struck with astonishment and began 28glorifying God; and they were filled 29with fear, saying, "We have seen remarkable things today."

Call of Levi (Matthew)

27 30After that He went out and noticed a tax collector named 31Levi sitting in the tax booth, and He said to him, "Follow Me."
28 And he 32left everything behind, and got up and began to follow Him.
29 And 33Levi gave a big reception for Him in his house; and there was a great crowd of 34tax collectors and other people who were reclining at the table with them.
30 35The Pharisees and their scribes began grumbling at His disciples, saying, "Why * do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?"
31 And Jesus answered and said to them, "36It is not those who are well who need a physician, but those who are sick.
32 "I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance."
33 And they said to Him, "37The disciples of John often fast and offer prayers, the disciples of the Pharisees also do the same, but Yours eat and drink."
34 And Jesus said to them, "You cannot * make the attendants of the bridegroom fast while * the bridegroom is with them, can you?
35 "38But the days will come; and when the bridegroom is taken away from them, then they will fast in those days."
36 And He was also telling them a parable: "No one tears a piece of cloth from a new garment and puts it on an old garment; otherwise he will both tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old.
37 "And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the new wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled out, and the skins will be ruined.
38 "But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins.
39 "And no one, after drinking old wine wishes for new; for he says, 'The old is good enough.' "

Luke 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

The miraculous draught of fishes, Peter, James, and John called. (1-11) A leper cleansed. (12-16) A paralytic cured. (17-26) Levi called, Christ's answer to the Pharisees. (27-39)

Verses 1-11 When Christ had done preaching, he told Peter to apply to the business of his calling. Time spent on week days in public exercises of religion, need be but little hinderance in time, and may be great furtherance to us in temper of mind, as to our worldly business. With what cheerfulness may we go about the duties of our calling, when we have been with God, and thus have our worldly employments sanctified to us by the word and prayer! Though they had taken nothing, yet Christ told them to let down their nets again. We must not abruptly quit our callings because we have not the success in them we desire. We are likely to speed well, when we follow the guidance of Christ's word. The draught of fishes was by a miracle. We must all, like Peter, own ourselves to be sinful men, therefore Jesus Christ might justly depart from us. But we must beseech him that he would not depart; for woe unto us if the Saviour depart from sinners! Rather let us entreat him to come and dwell in our hearts by faith, that he may transform and cleanse them. These fishermen forsook all, and followed Jesus, when their calling prospered. When riches increase, and we are tempted to set our hearts upon them, then to quit them for Christ is thankworthy.

Verses 12-16 This man is said to be full of leprosy; he had that distemper in a high degree, which represents our natural pollution by sin; we are full of that leprosy; from the crown of the head to the sole of the foot there is no soundness in us. Strong confidence and deep humility are united in the words of this leper. And if any sinner, from a deep sense of vileness, says, I know the Lord can cleanse, but will he look upon such a one as me? will he apply his own precious blood for my cleansing and healing? Yes, he will. Speak not as doubting, but as humbly referring the matter to Christ. And being saved from the guilt and power of our sins, let us spread abroad Christ's fame, and bring others to hear him and to be healed.

Verses 17-26 How many are there in our assemblies, where the gospel is preached, who do not sit under the word, but sit by! It is to them as a tale that is told them, not as a message that is sent to them. Observe the duties taught and recommended to us by the history of the paralytic. In applying to Christ, we must be very pressing and urgent; that is an evidence of faith, and is very pleasing to Christ, and prevailing with him. Give us, Lord, the same kind of faith with respect to thy ability and willingness to heal our souls. Give us to desire the pardon of sin more than any earthly blessing, or life itself. Enable us to believe thy power to forgive sins; then will our souls cheerfully arise and go where thou pleasest.

Verses 27-39 It was a wonder of Christ's grace, that he would call a publican to be his disciple and follower. It was a wonder of his grace, that the call was made so effectual. It was a wonder of his grace, that he came to call sinners to repentance, and to assure them of pardon. It was a wonder of his grace, that he so patiently bore the contradiction of sinners against himself and his disciples. It was a wonder of his grace, that he fixed the services of his disciples according to their strength and standing. The Lord trains up his people gradually for the trials allotted them; we should copy his example in dealing with the weak in faith, or the tempted believer.

Cross References 38

  • 1. Matthew 4:18-22; Mark 1:16-20; Luke 5:1-11; John 1:40-42
  • 2. Numbers 34:11; Deuteronomy 3:17; Joshua 12:3; Joshua 13:27; Matthew 4:18
  • 3. Matthew 13:2; Mark 3:9, 10; Mark 4:1
  • 4. John 21:6
  • 5. Luke 8:24; Luke 9:33, 49; Luke 17:13
  • 6. John 21:3
  • 7. John 21:6
  • 8. Matthew 14:27
  • 9. 2 Timothy 2:26
  • 10. Matthew 4:20, 22; Matthew 19:29; Mark 1:18, 20; Luke 5:28
  • 11. Luke 5:12-14: {Matthew 8:2-4; Mark 1:40-44}
  • 12. Leviticus 13:49; Leviticus 14:2f
  • 13. Matthew 9:26
  • 14. Matthew 14:23; Mark 1:35; Luke 6:12
  • 15. Matthew 15:1
  • 16. Luke 2:46
  • 17. Mark 1:45
  • 18. Mark 5:30; Luke 6:19; Luke 8:46
  • 19. Luke 5:18-26: {Matthew 9:2-8; Mark 2:3-12}
  • 20. Matthew 24:17
  • 21. Mark 2:4
  • 22. Matthew 9:2
  • 23. Luke 3:8
  • 24. Luke 7:49
  • 25. Isaiah 43:25
  • 26. Matthew 4:24
  • 27. Matthew 9:8
  • 28. Matthew 9:8
  • 29. Luke 1:65; Luke 7:16
  • 30. Luke 5:27-39: {Matthew 9:9-17; Mark 2:14-22}
  • 31. Matthew 9:9
  • 32. Luke 5:11
  • 33. Matthew 9:9
  • 34. Luke 15:1
  • 35. Mark 2:16; Luke 15:2; Acts 23:9
  • 36. Matthew 9:12, 13; Mark 2:17
  • 37. Matthew 9:14; Mark 2:18
  • 38. Matthew 9:15; Mark 2:20; Luke 17:22

Footnotes 16

Luke 5 Commentaries

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