Luke 8

Ministering Women

1 Soon afterwards *, He began going around from one city and village to another, 1proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God. The twelve were with Him,
2 and also 2some women who had been healed of evil spirits and sicknesses: 3Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out,
3 and Joanna the wife of Chuza, 4Herod's 5steward, and Susanna, and many others who were contributing to their support out of their private means.

Parable of the Sower

4 6When a large crowd was coming together, and those from the various cities were journeying to Him, He spoke by way of a parable:
5 "The sower went out to sow his seed; and as he sowed, some fell beside the road, and it was trampled under foot and the birds of the air ate it up.
6 "Other seed fell on rocky soil, and as soon as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture.
7 "Other seed fell among * the thorns; and the thorns grew up with it and choked it out.
8 "Other seed fell into the good soil, and grew up, and produced a crop a hundred times as great." As He said these things, He would call out, "7He who has ears to hear, let him hear."
9 8His disciples began questioning Him as to what this parable meant.
10 And He said, "9To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest it is in parables, so that 10SEEING THEY MAY NOT SEE, AND HEARING THEY MAY NOT UNDERSTAND.
11 "Now the parable is this: 11the seed is the word of God.
12 "Those beside the road are those who have heard; then the devil comes and takes away the word from their heart, so that they will not believe and be saved.
13 "Those on the rocky soil are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no firm root; they believe for a while, and in time of temptation fall away.
14 "The seed which fell among the thorns, these are the ones who have heard, and as they go on their way they are choked with worries and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to maturity.
15 "But the seed in the good soil, these are the ones who have heard the word in an honest and good heart, and hold it fast, and bear fruit with perseverance.

Parable of the Lamp

16 "Now 12no one after lighting a lamp covers it over with a container, or puts it under a bed; but he puts it on a lampstand, so that those who come in may see the light.
17 "13For nothing is hidden that will not become evident, nor anything secret that will not be known and come to light.
18 "So take care how you listen; 14for whoever * has, to him more shall be given; and whoever * does not have, even what he thinks he has shall be taken away from him."
19 15And His mother and brothers came to Him, and they were unable * to get to Him because of the crowd.
20 And it was reported to Him, "Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, wishing to see You."
21 But He answered and said to them, "My mother and My brothers are these 16who hear the word of God and do it."

Jesus Stills the Sea

22 17Now on one of those days Jesus and His disciples got into a boat, and He said to them, "Let us go over to the other side of 18the lake." So they launched out.
23 But as they were sailing along He fell asleep; and a fierce gale of wind descended on 19the lake, and they began to be swamped and to be in danger.
24 They came to Jesus and woke Him up, saying, "20Master, Master, we are perishing!" And He got up and 21rebuked the wind and the surging waves, and they stopped, and it became calm.
25 And He said to them, "Where is your faith?" They were fearful and amazed, saying to one another, "Who then is this, that He commands even the winds and the water, and they obey Him?"

The Demoniac Cured

26 22Then they sailed to the country of the Gerasenes, which is opposite Galilee.
27 And when He came out onto the land, He was met by a man from the city who was possessed with demons; and who had not put on any clothing for a long time, and was not living in a house, but in the tombs.
28 Seeing Jesus, he cried out and fell before Him, and said in a loud voice, "23What business do we have with each other, Jesus, Son of 24the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me."
29 For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had seized him many times; and he was bound with chains and shackles and kept under guard, and yet he would break his bonds and be driven by the demon into the desert.
30 And Jesus asked him, "What is your name?" And he said, "25Legion "; for many demons had entered him.
31 They were imploring Him not to command them to go away into 26the abyss.
32 Now there was a herd of many swine feeding there on the mountain; and the demons implored Him to permit them to enter the swine. And He gave them permission.
33 And the demons came out of the man and entered the swine; and the herd rushed down the steep bank into 27the lake and was drowned.
34 When the herdsmen saw what had happened, they ran away and reported it in the city and out in the country.
35 The people went out to see what had happened; and they came to Jesus, and found the man from whom the demons had gone out, sitting down 28at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind; and they became frightened.
36 Those who had seen it reported to them how the man who was 29demon-possessed had been made well.
37 And all the people of the country of the Gerasenes and the surrounding district asked Him to leave them, for they were gripped with great fear; and He got into a boat and returned.
38 30But the man from whom the demons had gone out was begging Him that he might accompany * Him; but He sent him away, saying,
39 "Return to your house and describe what great things God has done for you." So he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole city what great things Jesus had done for him.

Miracles of Healing

40 31And as Jesus returned, the people welcomed Him, for they had all been waiting for Him.
41 32And there came a man named Jairus, and he was an 33official of the synagogue; and he fell at Jesus' feet, and began to implore Him to come to his house;
42 for he had an only daughter, about twelve years old, and she was dying. But as He went, the crowds were pressing against Him.
43 And a woman who had a hemorrhage * for twelve years, and could not be healed by anyone,
44 came up behind Him and touched the fringe of His cloak, and immediately her hemorrhage * stopped.
45 And Jesus said, "Who is the one who touched Me?" And while they were all denying it, Peter said, "34Master, the people are crowding and pressing in on You."
46 But Jesus said, "Someone did touch Me, for I was aware that 35power had gone out of Me."
47 When the woman saw that she had not escaped notice, she came trembling and fell down before Him, and declared in the presence of all the people the reason why * she had touched Him, and how she had been immediately healed.
48 And He said to her, "Daughter, 36your faith has made you well; 37go in peace."
49 While He was still speaking, someone came from the house of 38the synagogue official, saying, "Your daughter has died; do not trouble the Teacher anymore."
50 But when Jesus heard this, He answered him, "39Do not be afraid any longer; only believe, and she will be made well."
51 When He came to the house, He did not allow anyone to enter with Him, except Peter and John and James, and the girl's father and mother.
52 Now they were all weeping and 40lamenting for her; but He said, "Stop weeping, for she has not died, but 41is asleep."
53 And they began laughing at Him, knowing that she had died.
54 He, however, took her by the hand and called, saying, "Child, arise!"
55 And her spirit returned, and she got up immediately; and He gave orders for something to be given her to eat.
56 Her parents were amazed; but He 42instructed them to tell no one what had happened.

Luke 8 Commentary

Chapter 8

The ministry of Christ. (1-3) The parable of the sower. (4-21) Christ stilleth the tempest and casteth out devils. (22-40) The daughter of Jairus restored to life. (41-56)

Verses 1-3 We are here told what Christ made the constant business of his life, it was teaching the gospel. Tidings of the kingdom of God are glad tidings, and what Christ came to bring. Certain women attended upon him who ministered to him of their substance. It showed the mean condition to which the Saviour humbled himself, that he needed their kindness, and his great humility, that he accepted it. Though rich, yet for our sakes he became poor.

Verses 4-21 There are many very needful and excellent rules and cautions for hearing the word, in the parable of the sower, and the application of it. Happy are we, and for ever indebted to free grace, if the same thing that is a parable to others, with which they are only amused, is a plain truth to us, by which we are taught and governed. We ought to take heed of the things that will hinder our profiting by the word we hear; to take heed lest we hear carelessly and slightly, lest we entertain prejudices against the word we hear; and to take heed to our spirits after we have heard the word, lest we lose what we have gained. The gifts we have, will be continued to us or not, as we use them for the glory of God, and the good of our brethren. Nor is it enough not to hold the truth in unrighteousness; we should desire to hold forth the word of life, and to shine, giving light to all around. Great encouragement is given to those who prove themselves faithful hearers of the word, by being doers of the work. Christ owns them as his relations.

Verses 22-40 Those that put to sea in a calm, even at Christ's word, must yet prepare for a storm, and for great peril in that storm. There is no relief for souls under a sense of guilt, and fear of wrath, but to go to Christ, and call him Master, and say, I am undone, if thou dost not help me. When our dangers are over, it becomes us to take to ourselves the shame of our own fears, and to give Christ the glory of our deliverance. We may learn much out of this history concerning the world of infernal, malignant spirits, which though not working now exactly in the same way as then, yet all must at all times carefully guard against. And these malignant spirits are very numerous. They have enmity to man and all his comforts. Those under Christ's government are sweetly led with the bands of love; those under the devil's government are furiously driven. Oh what a comfort it is to the believer, that all the powers of darkness are under the control of the Lord Jesus! It is a miracle of mercy, if those whom Satan possesses, are not brought to destruction and eternal ruin. Christ will not stay with those who slight him; perhaps he may no more return to them, while others are waiting for him, and glad to receive him.

Verses 41-56 Let us not complain of a crowd, and a throng, and a hurry, as long as we are in the way of our duty, and doing good; but otherwise every wise man will keep himself out of it as much as he can. And many a poor soul is healed, and helped, and saved by Christ, that is hidden in a crowd, and nobody notices it. This woman came trembling, yet her faith saved her. There may be trembling, where yet there is saving faith. Observe Christ's comfortable words to Jairus, Fear not, believe only, and thy daughter shall be made whole. No less hard was it not to grieve for the loss of an only child, than not to fear the continuance of that grief. But in perfect faith there is no fear; the more we fear, the less we believe. The hand of Christ's grace goes with the calls of his word, to make them effectual. Christ commanded to give her meat. As babes new born, so those newly raised from sin, desire spiritual food, that they may grow thereby.

Cross References 42

  • 1. Matthew 4:23
  • 2. Matthew 27:55; Mark 15:40, 41; Luke 23:49, 55
  • 3. Matthew 27:56; Mark 16:9
  • 4. Matthew 14:1
  • 5. Matthew 20:8
  • 6. Luke 8:4-8: {Matthew 13:2-9; Mark 4:1-9}
  • 7. Matthew 11:15; Mark 7:16; Luke 14:35; Revelation 2:7, 11, 17, 29; Revelation 3:6, 13, 22; Revelation 13:9
  • 8. Luke 8:9-15: {Matthew 13:10-23; Mark 4:10-20}
  • 9. Matthew 13:11
  • 10. Isaiah 6:9; Matthew 13:14; Acts 28:26
  • 11. 1 Peter 1:23
  • 12. Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21; Luke 11:33
  • 13. Matthew 10:26; Mark 4:22; Luke 12:2
  • 14. Matthew 13:12; Matthew 25:29; Luke 19:26
  • 15. Luke 8:19-21: {Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35}
  • 16. Luke 11:28
  • 17. Luke 8:22-25: {Matthew 8:23-27; Mark 4:36-41}
  • 18. Luke 5:1; Luke 8:23
  • 19. Luke 5:1; Luke 8:22
  • 20. Luke 5:5
  • 21. Luke 4:39
  • 22. Luke 8:26-37: {Matthew 8:28-34; Mark 5:1-17}
  • 23. Matthew 8:29
  • 24. Mark 5:7
  • 25. Matthew 26:53
  • 26. Romans 10:7; Rev 9:1f, 11; Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:1, 3
  • 27. Luke 5:1; Luke 8:22
  • 28. Luke 10:39
  • 29. Matthew 4:24
  • 30. Luke 8:38, 39: {Mark 5:18-20}
  • 31. Matthew 9:1; Mark 5:21
  • 32. Luke 8:41-56: {Matthew 9:18-26; Mark 5:22-43}
  • 33. Mark 5:22; Luke 8:49
  • 34. Luke 5:5
  • 35. Luke 5:17
  • 36. Matthew 9:22
  • 37. Mark 5:34; Luke 7:50
  • 38. Luke 8:41
  • 39. Mark 5:36
  • 40. Matthew 11:17; Luke 23:27
  • 41. John 11:13
  • 42. Matthew 8:4

Footnotes 17

Luke 8 Commentaries

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